Introduction A framework of the Software Requirements for Crop management based on SRS Conducted by Different NIC Officials is presented. Production capacity, Production efficiency and crop protection are major pillars supporting national crop productivity. A high priority is the development and subsequent transfer of efficient crop technologies and sustainable cropping systems to farmers. Overall challenges are to increase substantially the knowledge base of , and sustainable technology for crop production and cropping systems, to improve the delivery of technologies generated; and to promote the use of these systems. Crop management involves Pre-harvest management as well as Post-harvest management, Marketing, Trade and other aspects.
Crop Management System • Challenges: • Rapid Growth in Crop Production & Productivity on Sustained basis • Balanced Crop Diversification & Regional Development • Management of Resources (Land, Soil, Bio-Water, Human, Institutional, Financial, Infrastructure etc.) • Timely Availability of Inputs (Seed, Chemical Fertilizer, Bio-fertilizer, Chemical Pesticides, Bio-pesticides, Bio-control agents, Machinery & Implements, Credit) • Extension (Transfer of Technology) • Plant Protection (Plant Quarantine, Integrated Pest Management, Locust Control) • Risk Management ( Draught, Crop Insurance) • Competitive Advantages and Guaranty of Minimum Returns to Farmers (Marketing, Trade, Minimum Support Price) • Eco-friendly & Conservation of Energy • Organizational Efficiency and Employee Productivity
Howto meet the Challenges • Accurate Identification and Assessment of Development Needs • Better Planning, Implementation and Monitoring of Central Crop Development Programs/ Plan Schemes • Effective Advisory Service to States in Formulation and Implementation of Projects • Effective linkage with Central & State Governments, Research Institutions, Implementing Agencies, Financial Institutions, National and International Organizations • Effective Transfer of Technology and Dissemination of Information • Improve Organizational Productivity • More Transparency & Participatory Approach • Effective Collaboration of Stakeholders in Decision- Making Process and Sharing of Resources • Awareness about Environment Protection & Energy Conservation
Crops & Directorates • Crops • Cereals- Rice, Wheat, Maize, Millets, Coarse cereals • Pulses- Arahar, Lentil, Horse Gram, Black Gram, Green Gram, Peas • Oilseeds- Groundnut, Rapeseed & Mustard, Soya bean, Sunflower, Safflower, Castor • Horticulture- Areca nut, Cocoa, Spices, Cashew nut • Cash Crops- Sugarcane, Jute, Cotton • Vegetables- Potato, Onion, Garlic, other vegetables • Crop Directorates- Rice, Wheat, Pulses, Millets, Sugarcane, Oilseeds, Jute , Areca nut& Cocoa, Cashew nut & Spices • Directorates- Plant Protection, Fertilizer, Bio Fertilizer, Farm Machinery & Training, All India Soil & Land Use Survey, Soil Conservation & Training, Extension, Marketing & Inspection, Economics & Statistics, CACP and PAO
Crop Development Programs • Minikit Programme for Rice, Wheat and Coarse Cereals • Oilseeds Production Programme • Accelerated Maize Development Programme • National Pulses Development project • ICDP under Mini-Mission of Technology Mission on Cottons • Post Harvest Technology in Oilseeds, Pulses, Maize • Pilot Scheme on Seed crop insurance • Quality control Assessment on seeds • National Project on Development & Use of Bio Fertilizer • Promotion of Integrated Pest Management • Scheme on Estimation of Market Surplus and Post Harvest Losses • Promoting Use of Informatics in Agriculture • Land Use Survey, Watershed development etc.
Components of Program • Minikit Distribution • Training Program & specialized Orientation Program • Training of Farmers & Extension workers with newly evolved technology • Production of Breeder, Foundation and Certified seeds • Propagation & Adoption of Improved Production Technology • Demonstration of Field & Integrated Pest Management • Distribution of Improved Farm Equipments, Plant Protection equipments including Power driven equipments, Water logging devices, sprinklers etc. • Distribution of Bio Agents, Pheromone Traps, Rhizome Cultures, nutrients and micro-nutrients, Seed Treatment • Infrastructure – Establishment of Lab, seed Storage, Threshing, floor & Irrigation facilities, IT Infrastructure
Work Flow Crop Development Program 1. Scheme Formulation & Fixation of Component Targets, Fund Release 4. Scheme Progress & Technical support DAC 2.Physical & Financial component information State 2. Physical & financial Target allocation Directorate 3. Scheme Implementation & Monitoring 3. Scheme monitoring Implementing Agency
Crop Management Solution • Program Monitoring Information System (Physical & Financial) • Crop Weather Watch Information System • Portal on Crops • Decision Support Systems using Database on • Soil – Land Use, Soil Fertility, Commodity Altus • Crop Statistics - Crops and Cropping Systems, Crop Rotation, Crop Varieties, Area, Production and Productivity, Crop Conditions • Input Statistics – Seeds Production & Distribution (Breeder, Foundation, Certified), Availability & Consumption of Nutrients (Chemical Fertilizer, Bio- fertilizer), Farm implements, Plant Protection Equipments, Sprinklers, Plant Growth Regulators, Credits • Mechanical & Cultural Practices – Seed Treatment, Sowing/ Planting methods, Farm Operations (Tillage, Seed bed, Mulching, Winnowing, Harvesting • Plant Protection – Plant Quarantine, Integrated Pest Management ( Insect Pests, Disease, Weeds), Locust Control • Climate & Weather • Post Harvest Practices – Storage, Drying, • Price Statistics ( Cost of Production, Minimum Support Price, Farm Price, Wholesale, Retail, International Prices, Market Arrivals, Government Procurement) • Trade Statistics- Import & Export • Water – Potential & Availability of Water Resources, Area and Crops Irrigated, Rainfall • Extension - Training and Field Demonstrations • Energy – Renewable and Non Renewable Sources • Institutions - Government Departments/ Research, Education, Extension, Scheme Implementing Agencies • Financial Resources & General Statistics - GDP, Agriculture lab our, agricultural Census, Price Index, Capital formation, Employment, Food Consumption, Population
Crop Intelligence System Soil & Climate Databases Crop Production Statistics Water Plant Protection Cultural Practices Training & Demonstrations Seed Implements Financial Resources Schemes Crop Varieties Nutrient Trade Price General Statistics Post Harvest
On Line Analytical Processing System Productivity Irrigation type Geographic Weather conditions Time Seed Variety Crop
Application Software Development Strategy • Structured System Analysis & Design • Component Model for development & Implementation • Client Server System for On Line Transaction Processing System using Windows 2000 Server, SQL Server 2000, Visual Basic. Net • Web Enabled System for Access of Information using ASP. Net and other Internet Programming tools • Decision Support System using Data Warehousing & GIS • Testing plan & Acceptance • Implementation & Maintenance
Software Architecture • Crop Management System Com-1 Com-2 Com-3 Database Server Application Server Browser Client Web Server Application System Components
Features • Based on Component model • Based on Best Practices of Software Development • Based on State-of-the-art software tools • Easy to understand, deploy, Test, Port, use, Modify, and maintain • Reliable, Secured, Reusable, robust and Efficient • User-friendly Menu driven • Client Server Application • Intranet for sharing of knowledge and information • Access of information through Web to citizen
Reports Generated • Weekly Report on Crop Weather Watch • Weekly/Monthly/Annual Report on Physical Progress of Scheme (Component, State, Agency basis) • Weekly/Monthly/Annual Report on Financial Progress of Scheme (Accounts Head, State and Agency basis) • Report on Extension Training, Demonstration and related activities • Report on Crop Area, Production & Productivity • Report on Crop related Statistics ( Input Consumption, Marketing & Trade etc.) • Reports on Crop and area wise recommended Varieties and Package of Practices • Analytical reports for Decision Support
Benefits • DAC will receive online information on key indicators of crop development program/scheme components • Automation of Information management at Crop Directorates • Better delivery of information services to citizen • Improved quality of decision making • Improved Information Management & Efficiency at Directorate • Better Employee Motivation • Effective sharing and increased usage of information