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INDIA’S PROMISE Challenges & Opportunities . APBO March 2007. Political Uncertainty. Delhi, Capital City POP: 13 million. COALITION GOVERNMENTS TO STAY. ECONOMIC REFORMS SECURE. Cong+. 219 Seats. BJP+. 189 Seats. Left. 61 Seats. Others. 70 Seats. Bangalore

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slide2

Political Uncertainty

Delhi, Capital City

POP: 13 million

COALITION

GOVERNMENTS

TO STAY

ECONOMIC

REFORMS

SECURE

Cong+

219 Seats

BJP+

189 Seats

Left

61 Seats

Others

70 Seats

Bangalore

“Silicon Valley of India” POP: 7 million

united progressive alliance
UNITED PROGRESSIVE ALLIANCE

13 Constituents

Indian National Congress

Congress Allies

Left Front

UPA COMMON MINIMUM PROGRAM

Agriculture- “A New Deal For Rural India”

Infrastructure - “Building World Class”

Employment - “Rozgar Badhao”

Education- “Improving Access and Excellence”

Health Care- “Creating Capabilities”

Water - “Better Access, Better Utilization”

Urban Renewal- “Humane and Modern”

Sonia Gandhi

PranabMukherjee

Sharad Pawar

Prakash Karat

Karunakaran

Kamal Nath

Praful Patel

Bhattacharyajee

Nirpuam Sen

DMK

upcoming state assembly election
UPCOMING STATE ASSEMBLY ELECTION

80 Parliamentary

Constituencies

4 Phase Poll

April / May

Population

179,000,000

transparency
Transparency
  • BELL HELICOPTER
  • MOTOROLA

Procurement Challenges

red tapism
RED TAPISM

July 2006

1500 KM

8 Days

RED TAPE / TAX ANOMALIES / POOR INFRASTRUCTURE

challenges in infrastructure
Challenges in Infrastructure

48 new road projects worth $12 bn are presently under construction

Indian Railways require $22 bn investment

India’s port upgrades require a total investment of $22 billion

Domestic aircraft movements have shot up by 40%

Modernization requires upgrading 25 of the country’s national airports

100,000 MW required by 2012

land acquisition sezs
LAND ACQUISITION-SEZs

NANDIGRAM

16 KILLED

WEST BENGAL

68 WOUNDED

TOTAL BANDH

5000 POLICE

HIGHLY POLITICIZED – SEZs ON HOLD

human resource constraint
HUMAN RESOURCE CONSTRAINT
  • ITES/BPO INDUSTRY GROWING @ 45% Qtr
  • QUALIFIED HELP IN SHORTAGE
  • ATTRITION RATES > 30%
  • FINISHING SCHOOLS REQUIRED
  • CONTRACT LABOR & LABOR REFORMS A MUST
slide10

INDIA’S ECONOMIC LEADERSHIP

  • Considered the “Father of India’s Economic Reforms”
  • Economist by training, Strong free-market advocate
  • Excellent rapport with President Bush

Manmohan SinghPrime Minister

Montek Singh AhluwaliaPlanning Commission Deputy Chairman

P. ChidambaramMinister of Finance

  • Private / Public Sector Interlocutor
  • Economist by training, Oxonian
  • World Bank background / Easily accessible
  • “Inclusive” Budget
  • Supreme Court Advocate, Harvard MBA
  • Pragmatic reformer
slide11

SCORECARD ON REFORMS

  • Progress
    • Insurance FDI up to 26%
    • Telecom up to 74%
    • Oil/Gas, Roads, Ports up to 100%
    • Real estate opened to 100%
    • Open Skies: Boeing Sales
    • Patents Act -IPR Protection: Re-entry of Merck
    • Retail (Single Product): Wal-Mart Entry
    • Civilian Nuclear Cooperation – 123 Agreement
    • 15 Special Economic Zones (SEZ’s) at present
    • 42 approved for 2007

GDP Growth Rate > 8%

6 Million New Cell Phones

Registered Last Month!

it bpo boom
IT/ BPO Boom

More than 300 of the Fortune 500 are in India

IBM : 53,000 employees

Cognizant : 48,000 employees

General Electric: : 20,000 employees

Oracle : 18,000 employeesHewlett-Packard : 11,000 employeesHoneywell : 7,000 employees

American Express : 4,000 employeesDell: 3,800 employees

slide13

MANUFACTURING

Automobile Components - Worth $15 bn

20 % Annual Growth in Exports

  • Ford – Producing 30,000 units;

Doubling Capacity in 2006-2009 timeframe

  • General Motors – Expecting to sell 30,000

units in 2006; output to be doubled

  • Boeing - $12.1 bn sale of civilian aircraft to Air India with significant co-production; recognition of India’s manufacturing prowess
opportunities in agriculture
OPPORTUNITIES IN AGRICULTURE

$15 bn investment

opportunity in storage,

transportation,

and refrigeration facilities.

Blue Diamond Growers – India is 4th

largest and fastest growing market

Pepsi is a major player

with sales $700 mn

Coca Cola has major presence

throughout the country

McDonald’s has introduced the McVeggie

burger and Veg Pizza McPuff

Domino Pizza, Pizza Hut and Kentucky Fried Chicken

have all established restaurants in India.

defense trade
DEFENSE TRADE

Next Steps in U.S.-India Strategic Partnership:

Major Opportunities in Defense Cooperation - $30 billion

F-18 Super Hornet

C-131 Transport

P-3 Orion

GE-404 Engine

Bell 407 Helicopter

F-16 Fighting Falcon

Pac-3 Antimissile System

Boeing 737 Countermeasure Equipment

FireFinder & PAC III

slide17

US-INDIA SPACE PARTNERSHIP

An Important Component of Strategic Partnership

  • Indian Space Program 5th largest after U.S., Russia, Europe, China
  • $450 mn annual budget, but due to lower wages is equivalent to multi-billion dollar program in U.S.
  • Space Exploration – Chandrayan I: India plans to launch its first unmanned mission to the moon by 2008
  • NASA agreement with ISRO to send scientific instruments into space aboard India’s Chandrayan I
  • Export Control Regimes; Strategic Partnership Challenges
next wave pharmaceuticals
NEXT WAVE: PHARMACEUTICALS
  • $6.5 bn and growing at 8-10%
  • 4th largest pharmaceutical

industry in the world

  • Expected by 2008 to be

worth $12 billion

  • Private Hospitals firmly entrenched: Apollo, Manipal, Escorts, Max Healthcare
  • Medical Tourism
slide19

INNOVATION FRONTIER: R & D

Labs India, Bangalore

India Development Centre,

Bangalore, Hyderabad

R&D Centre, Bangalore

R&D Centre, Bangalore and Mumbai

Bangalore

Software Lab, Bangalore, Pune

India Engineering Centre, Bangalore

R&D Centre, Bangalore

Innovation Campus, Bangalore

india looks outward
INDIA LOOKS OUTWARD
  • Tata Group - $12 BN
  • Reliance - $22 BN
  • Essar - $9 BN
  • Birla - $6 BN
  • Videocon–Daewoo Electronics-$650
  • Dr. Reddy’s Lab–Betapharm - $570
  • Ranbaxy–Terpia - $324
  • VSNL Tyco Global-$130
slide22

ECONOMIC, IDEOLOGICAL, AND STRATEGIC PARTNERS

  • Coherent democracy; Pluralist/Secular
  • 1/5th World’s Population; 2nd largest military in the world
  • Common Values: Against Terrorism, Trafficking, Narcotics
  • Ideological Partner re: Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, China
  • Common Law Judicial System
  • 2nd largest number of Doctors, Engineers, PhDs in the world
  • 100,000 Students to U.S. Each Year
  • 1.8 mil Americans of Indian Origin
  • Politically significant; Politically integrated
  • 54% of Indian Population is under the Age of 25

India is Rising, Becoming Vital to U.S. Interests

slide23

BARBOUR GRIFFITH & ROGERS

eMR Technology Ventures

U.S.-INDIA BUSINESS COUNCIL

32 YEARS of GROWING ENTERPRISE

Steptoe & Johnson LLP

Griffith & Rogers

Accenture

Adobe Systems, Inc.

Akin Gump LLP

Altria Group, Inc.

AM General LLC

Amas Investment & Project Services

Amway Corporation

Andrews Kurth LLP

Baker & McKenzie LLP

Bank of America

Bloomberg

Boeing Company

Cargill

Caterpillar, Inc.CBay Systems

Chevron

CMS Energy

The Coca-Cola Company

Computer Associates

Covanta Energy

Dell Computer Corp.

Deloitte & Touche

Discovery CommunicationsDow AgroSciences

Dow Jones

DuPont, Inc.

eBay Inc.Estee LauderFord Motor Company

Fremont Group Limited

General Dynamics

General Motors

Gerson Lehrman Group

Guardian Life Insurance

Gerson Lehrman

Guardian Life Insurance

Hughes Network Systems

IBM, Corporation

IDFC Ltd.

Johnson & Johnson

J.P. Morgan Chase

K. Raheja Universal

Kotak Mahindra

L-3 Communications

Lockheed Martin

McGraw-Hill

Merck & Co.

Microsoft Corporation

Monsanto

Motorola, Inc

News Corporation Ltd.

Northrop Grumman

Oracle CorporationPanAmSat

Paul Weiss LLP

Pfizer Inc.

Pratt & Whitney/United

Technologies

Sony Pictures Entertainment

Standard Chartered Bank

Target Corporation

Tata, Inc.

Texas Instruments

Textron Inc.

Time Warner Inc.

Thomson Financial

United Parcel Service

Vickery International

Wal-Mart Inc.

Watson Wyatt Worldwide

Xerox Corporation

slide24

INDIA’S ENERGY SECURITY CHALLENGE

Oil discovery by Cairn Energy in 2004; India’s demand will outstrip supply

Hydro-Electric Dam at Narmada constrained by problems with environment

Gas pipeline from Turkmenistan, through Pakistan, but questionable reserves

Coal supplies for 200 years, but high/ash, low calorie value

Gas pipeline from Iran, discouraged by U.S.

Gas pipeline from Myanmar through Bangladesh discouraged by U.S.

Kakrapar- World’s first thorium-based nuclear reactor

Gas discovery by Reliance in 2003 but will service only fraction of India’s power needs

Tarapur- India’s “civilian” nuclear reactor requires refueling