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Global Civil Society Transnational Advocacy Groups The Puzzle In a globalizing world, are transnational groups -- from Amnesty International to al-Qaeda -- transforming world politics? Or, how and to what extent can you make a difference? Analytic Recap International Institutions

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global civil society

Global Civil Society

Transnational Advocacy Groups

the puzzle
The Puzzle
  • In a globalizing world, are transnational groups -- from Amnesty International to al-Qaeda -- transforming world politics?
  • Or, how and to what extent can you make a difference?
analytic recap
Analytic Recap

International Institutions

Government

Government

A

B

X

Y

State A

State B

C

Z

global civil society4
Global Civil Society

International Institutions

Government

Government

A

B

X

Y

State A

State B

Global Civil Society

C

Z

ingos and tans
INGOs and TANs
  • International Non-Governmental Organizations
    • 1874: 32 registered INGOs
    • 1914: 1,083
    • 2003: > 13,000 (25% of which founded after 1990)
  • Transnational Advocacy Networks
    • Interest (and status) defined by “principled” advocacy.
is globalization creating powerful new actors in world politics
Is Globalization Creating Powerful New Actors in World Politics?
  • Globalization breeds political problems that span national borders.
    • Groups must act in concert to solve problems of the environment, human rights, and so on.
  • Globalization increases the “connectedness” of societies, bringing the successes and sufferings of others into our daily lives.
    • Lower communication costs facilitate interaction between peoples separated by space and borders.
do advocacy groups make a difference
Do Advocacy Groups Make a Difference?
  • Changing Minds -- Altering Interests
    • New knowledge can reshape our interests or active otherwise latent interests.
    • New norms. Three stage life cycle of norm diffusion.
  • Putting Pressure on States
    • Boomerang: NGOs in one state activate transnational linkages to bring pressure from other states to bear on their own government.
the boomerang
The Boomerang

Source: Keck and Sikkink, p. 13

do advocacy groups make a difference11
Do Advocacy Groups Make a Difference?
  • Facilitating Cooperation
    • Provide information about policies and agreements.
    • Provide information about compliance: police patrols v. fire alarms.
are tans surpassing states as dominant actors
Are TANs Surpassing States as Dominant Actors?
  • Even as TANs have proliferated, international relations remains an arena of states.
  • TANS influence preferences of individuals, but the object of their activities remains state policy.
    • Change preferences of voters who then press states.
    • Monitor state behavior and compliance.