by bukola akinjobi carrie beard and jennifer roper l.
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By Bukola Akinjobi, Carrie Beard, and Jennifer Roper. Before OSHA…. 14,500 American workers were killed annually on the job. Nearly 2,200,000 were disabled annually in on the job accidents. State Enforcement. Few laws enacted. Failed to allocate appropriate funds to enforce these laws.

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before osha
Before OSHA…
  • 14,500 American workers were killed annually on the job.
  • Nearly 2,200,000 were disabled annually in on the job accidents.
state enforcement
State Enforcement
  • Few laws enacted.
  • Failed to allocate appropriate funds to enforce these laws.
osha is created
OSHA is created
  • Established in 1971
  • Occupational Safety and Health Act
  • An agency of the Department of Labor
  • OSHA “aims to ensure employee safety and health in the United States by working with employers and employees to create better working environments”
the early years
The Early Years
  • Arbitrary and inconsistent enforcement
  • Retrofit guards and other safety devices on existing equipment
  • Implement other hazard controls
  • Other requirements, such as mandated training, communication, and extensive documentation
with time
With time…
  • OSHA-compliant safety features on new machinery.
  • Consistent enforcement.
  • Outdated or irrelevant rules have been repealed or are not enforced.
regulatory impact
Regulatory Impact
  • Guards on Moving Parts
  • Permissible Exposure Limits
  • Personal Protective Equipment
  • Lock Out/Tag Out
  • Hazard Communication
  • Bloodborne Pathogens
in the news
In the News…
  • Safe cleanup from Hurricane Gustav, 9/5/08
  • New report released showing decline in worker fatalities, 8/20/08
osha alliance program and strategic partnership program
OSHA Alliance Program and Strategic Partnership Program
  • OSHA Alliance Program:
    • Work with labor unions, trade or professional groups, government agencies, and educational institutions
        • Activities of alliances:
          • Assist OSHA in developing interactive, web-based training tools on occupational safety and health topics
          • Help develop Safety and Health Topics pages
          • Appear at trade shows and conferences.
  • Strategic Partnership Program:
    • Focus on safety and health programs and include enforcement , outreach and training components
safety and health achievement recognition program and voluntary protection programs
Safety and Health Achievement Recognition Program and Voluntary Protection Programs
  • Safety and Health Achievement Recognition Program (SHARP):
    • Recognizes small employers who develop, implement and continuously improve effective safety and health programs at their business
  • Voluntary Protection Programs (VPP):
    • Promote effective worksite-based safety and health.
osha training institute
OSHA Training Institute
  • Provide Training and Education in occupational safety and health
  • Trains
    • Federal and state compliance officers
    • State consultants
    • Federal agency personnel
    • Private sector
osha training institute education center
OSHA Training Institute Education Center
  • OTI education center is an extension of the OSHA Training Institute
  • The program was created in October 1992
  • As of 2007 there are a total of 26 OTI education centers
courses by oti education center
Courses by OTI Education Center
  • OTI provides online courses and courses located at OSHA education centers in all OSHA regions
  • Popular courses:
    • #500 Trainer Course in Occupational Safety and Health Standards for the Construction Industry
    • #501 Trainer Course in Occupational Safety and Health Standards for General Industry
osha outreach training program
OSHA Outreach Training Program
  • Train workers in the basics of occupational safety and health
  • Individuals can attend a one week program that enables them to teach 10-hour or 30-hour courses in contruction or general industy safety

Rights and Responsibilities

Follow all safety rules and regulations

Have right to training

Have right to request employer fix hazards

Problems in the Workplace

Imminent danger and refusal of dangerous work

Discrimination for filing complaints

osha general duty clause
OSHA General Duty Clause

"Each employer shall furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees."

osha inspections
OSHA Inspections

What Triggers an OSHA Inspection?

• Imminent Danger• Catastrophes & Fatal Accidents• Employee Complaints or Referrals• Programmed Inspections

Planned or Targeted• Follow-Up Inspections.

osha insepction process
OSHA Insepction Process
  • Opening Conference

Inspection purpose described

Complaint is provided, if applicable

Records summoned for inspection

  • Walk around

Identify potential safety & health hazards

Evaluation of safety and health program

osha inspection citations
OSHA Inspection Citations
  • Abatement

Eliminate workplace hazards

  • Variances

Length of time for abatement

  • Penalties and Fines
  • Employer must post a copy citation near place where violation occurred, for 3 days or until violation abated
violations and penalties
Violations and Penalties
  • Other-than-serious (up to $7,000)

Probably would not cause Death

  • Serious (mandatory $7,000)

Substantial Probably of causing Death

  • Willful (minimum $5,000 to $70,000)

Employee Death due indifference of known hazard

up to $500,000 fine or six months incarceration

  • Repeated($70,000) Failure to abate($7,000)
major compliance forms
Major Compliance Forms
  • OSHA Form 300

Log of Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses

  • OSHA Form 301

Injury and Illness Incident Report

  • OSHA Form 300A

Summary of Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses

regulations and standards
Regulations and Standards
  • Regulations

General guideline

  • Standards

Developed in response to a specific hazard

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Blood-born Pathogens

Chemical Hazard Communication

underreporting study
Underreporting Study
  • Hidden Tragedy: Under reporting of work place Injuries and Illnesses

US House of Representatives June 2008

Committee of Education and Labor

As much as 69% of illness an Injuries never make it into the Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII)

extra information
Extra Information
  • Videos on OSHA:
  • Spellman. Surviving an OSHA Audit: A Management Guide. CRC Press. 1998.