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Airline Management I (BU3-Aircraft) TRM437 Instructor : Bülent DEMİRCİ

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airline management i bu3 aircraft trm437

Airline Management I(BU3-Aircraft)TRM437

Instructor :

Bülent DEMİRCİ

Bülent Demirci

slide2

In 1891, the civil engineer Otto Lilienthal (Germany) succeeded in achieving the first save, repeatable gliding flights in history. His methodology, "from jumping to flying", marked the beginning of the era of human flight, and was adopted by the Wright Brothers (USA) in their quest to develop a practical self-propelled flying machine.

Made over 2000 flight in gliders. He felled down from a hight of 17 m and died next day

10 August 1896

Bülent Demirci

slide3

Otto Lilienthal

Bülent Demirci

slide4

Octava Chanute- 1896

Railroad Engineer borned in Paris

He flown 150-350 feet

Bülent Demirci

us military contract with wright brothers
US Military Contract with Wright Brothers

Remember the conditions for

25000 USD price + 5000 USD bonus

  • Shall carry at least 2 people
  • 36 mile per hour minimum speed
  • Minimum one hour fly

Bülent Demirci

comparison 1907 2007
2 people

36 mile per hour

66,7 km/h

36 mile=66,7 km range

One hour non-stop

25 horse power

853 passenger only

561 mile per hour

1040 km/h---1175 km/h

8207 mile =15200 km range

14-15 hours non-stop

81500 x 4 = 326000 lb trust engine

300 m USD 2006 price

Comparison1907-2007

Bülent Demirci

cruide oil prices 2006 usd
Cruide Oil Prices (2006 USD)

www.wtrg.com/prices.htm

Bülent Demirci

aircraft design criteria
During 1960-1970

Speed

Frequency

DOC

Enviromental Criteria

Noise Pollution

Air Pollution

After Fuel Crises

DOC

Enviromental Criteria

Noise Pollution

Air Pollution

Range

Aircraft Design Criteria

Bülent Demirci

nasa project after 1st fuel crises in 1973
NASA Project after 1st fuel crises in 1973
  • Boeing, Mc Donnel Douglas and Lockheed
  • General Electric, Pratt & Whitney
  • They worked on;
    • Better aerodynamic design
    • Lighter aircraft (Honeycamb)
    • New wing concept
    • High by-pass ratio engine
    • High speed propeller engine

Bülent Demirci

new techology aircraft
New Techology Aircraft
  • NASA Project between 1974-2000 created an A/C called “New Technology A/C”
    • Has %30 lower DOC per seat
    • Buying price was higher comparing with the old techology aircraft

Airbus A310-300

Boeing B767 Are two aircraft ready

around 1982-1984

Bülent Demirci

aviation has made steady significant environmental progress
Aviation Has Made Steady, Significant Environmental Progress

MORE FUEL

HIGHER

DECIBELS

30dB Noise Improvement

Early Jet Airplanes

70% Fuel Improvement and Reduced CO2

Second Generation Jet Airplanes

Relative fuel use per seat–km

Noise dB

LOWER

DECIBELS

LESS FUEL

EVEN

LOWER

New Generation Jet Airplanes

EVEN LESS

Bülent Demirci

new tec a c old tec a c
NEW TEC

Investment is high

DOC is low

Better meet the enviromental restriction

Higher technical realibility

OLD TEC

Investment is low

DOC is higher

Some restriction in some airport

Lower technical realibility

New Tec A/C & Old Tec A/C

Bülent Demirci

a380 lounch program 8 8 billion usd investment to build
111 test flight

1348 engine flight hours

4349 ground test of engine

16000 cycle before delivery

A380 lounch program8,8 billion USD investment to build

Bülent Demirci

aircraft life
Aircraft Life
  • Flight Hour
  • Cycle

They are the two parameters determine the age of the A/C

Frame : Flight hour and cycle

Engine : Flight hour and cycle

APU : Flight hour and cycle

Landing Gear: Cycle and year

Bülent Demirci

aircraft life18
Aircraft Life
  • Physical Life

736 flying cargo aircrafts out of 2620 are over 36 years old.

  • Economic Life

Some Airlines replace their aircraft in 5 years;

    • To reduce the maintenance cost
    • To increase the on time performance

We may talk about economic life of any vehicle if there is low cost one in the market.

Bülent Demirci

slide19
A380

The 555 seat (max 853) Airbus A380-800, with a non-stop range of 8,000nm, was launched in December 2000. The aircraft entered production in January 2002. First flight (with the Rolls-Royce engines) took place from Blagnac Airport, Toulouse, in April 2005. Over 100 test flights have been completed. Five A380 aircraft are taking part in the test programme.

Bülent Demirci

interior of a380
Interior of A380

A380 will be the most spacious passenger plane. There will be room on the lower deck for shops, bars, restaurants and casinos.

Economy Class

Business Class

First class seats. Virgin Atlantic chairman Richard Branson has talked about having private double beds and gyms on his airline's planes.

Bülent Demirci

aircraft by range
Aircraft by range
  • Short range : <800 nm
  • Short-Medium : 1500>r>800
  • Medium range : 1500>r>2000
  • Medium-Long Range : 2000>r>3500
  • Long Range : >3500 nm

Bülent Demirci

new segmentation
New Segmentation

Bülent Demirci

boeing has a long history of investing in the future
Boeing Has A Long History Of Investing In The Future

Boeing = 13 Airplanes

747-400F

All New

All New

777-200/-200ER

737-600

Major Derivative

Major Derivative

737-700

Derivative

Derivative

737-800

777-300

717-200

757-300

767-400

737-900

777-200LR

777-300ER

787

A321

A319

A300-600F

A330-200

A340-500

A340-600

A318

A380

A380F

Bülent Demirci

Data points based on launch dates

Airbus = 9 Airplanes

twin aisle airplanes product strategy

In Service/Out of Production

In Service

Launched

Study

A380-800**

A380-800R**

* w/ Restricted Loadability

** Airbus Claims

747 Advanced

747-400

747-400ER

747-200

AdditionalEnhancements

759.6K

775K

*

*

777-300

777-300ER

829K

A340-600

777-200

*

820.1K

777-200ER

777-200LR

MD-11ER

A330-300

787-3+

A340-500

A340-300

787-9

A330-200

767-400ER

A340-200

A300-600R

787-8

767-300ER

A310-300

767-200ER

Twin-Aisle Airplanes Product Strategy

Bülent Demirci

+ Two-class short- / medium-range interior

air travel growth has been met by increased frequencies and nonstops
Air Travel Growth Has Been Met By Increased Frequencies And Nonstops

World

Index 1980=1.00

Air Travel Growth

Frequency Growth

Nonstop Markets

Average Airplane Size

Bülent Demirci

Advance August 2005 OAG

airlines have to accommodate a wide variety of travelers on each flight
Airlines Have to Accommodate a Wide Variety of Travelers on Each Flight

Short-Haul

65% Travel

  • Price sensitive
  • Extremely time sensitive
  • Some cross-over to LCC
  • Highly price sensitive
  • Time sensitive
  • Minimal service levels

Business

30% Travel

40-50% Revenue

Personal

70% Travel

50-60% Revenue

  • Price sensitive
  • Low time sensitivity
  • Medium service levels
  • Low price sensitivity
  • Time sensitive
  • High service levels

Long-Haul

35% Travel

Bülent Demirci

government ownership and control of airlines significantly reduced
Government Ownership and Control of Airlines Significantly Reduced

Top 25 airlines:

Lufthansa

KLM

Iberia

QANTAS

British Airways

Japan Airlines/JAS

Air Canada

Weekly ASM (000)

Privatized airlines

Government-owned airlines

Airlines transitioning from government control to Private <50%

Bülent Demirci

evaluation of term performance
EVALUATION OF TERM PERFORMANCE
  • 10 % ATTENDANCE / Class Participation
  • 30 % MIDTERM
  • 50 % FINAL
  • 10 % Case Study & Creativity

Bülent Demirci

some reference texts
Some Reference Texts /
  • Railtracks in the Sky / Peter Reed
  • Airline Business in the 21st Century Rigas Doganis
  • Transport / D. Hensher - A.Brewer
  • The Southwest Airlines Way / J.H.Gittel
  • Deregulation / J.Meyer – C. Oster
  • Cleared for Take-Off – Thomas Lawton
  • Transport Economics – Ken Button
  • EU Treaties & Legislation - Rudden & Wyatt

Bülent Demirci

recommended journals
Recommended Journals
  • Jane’s Space Directory
  • Airlines International
  • Flight International
  • Airline Business
  • Air Transport World
  • Aviation Week & Space Technology
  • Air Cargo Week
  • Business and Commerce Aviation
  • Payload
  • Airline Cargo
  • Air Finance Journal

Bülent Demirci

useful websites news
Useful Websites NEWS
  • www.airlinequality.com
  • www.airlinebusiness.com
  • www.tourmag.com
  • www.just4airlines.com
  • www.atwonline.com
  • Others may need subscription…..

Bülent Demirci

useful websites tech info
Useful Websites Tech / Info
  • European Union www.europa.eu.int
  • ECAC www.ecac-ceac.org
  • ICAO www.icao.int
  • Airports Council Int. www.aci-europe.org
  • AEA www.aea.be

Bülent Demirci

slide38

ÜRETMEYE MECBURUZ

Çalışmadan, yorulmadan ve üretmeden

Rahat yaşamanın yollarını aramayı

Alışkanlık haline getirmiş milletler;

Evvela HAYSİYETLERİNİ,

Sonra HÜRRİYETLERİNİ,

Daha sonra da İSTİKBALLERİNİ

Kaybetmeye mahkumdurlar.

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Bülent Demirci