the chinese party state l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
The Chinese Party-State PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
The Chinese Party-State

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 28

The Chinese Party-State - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 228 Views
  • Uploaded on

The Chinese Party-State Outline Center of the party-state Party structure at the center Government structure at the center National People’s Congress Local structure of party-state Local people’s congresses Local Party & government organs Communist party-state

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

The Chinese Party-State


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
outline
Outline
  • Center of the party-state
    • Party structure at the center
    • Government structure at the center
    • National People’s Congress
  • Local structure of party-state
    • Local people’s congresses
    • Local Party & government organs
communist party state
Communist party-state
  • Organizational design of political system
    • the difficult task of institutionalization
  • Mao Zedong borrowed from
    • the Leninist party-state of the Soviet Union
    • the imperial system of ancient China
  • principles of guardianship and hierarchy
  • Mao added the idea of the “mass line”
common features
Common Features
  • The political systems of imperial China and the former Soviet Union
  • centralized control
  • bureaucratic administration
  • the role of ideology
    • no room for private, individual interests
    • no room for organized opposition to the state
changes in the system
Changes in the System
  • Great Leap Forward (1958 - 1961)
  • Cultural Revolution (1966 - 1976)
  • political reforms in the post-Mao era
  • substantive issues, policies, and the allocation of power have changed greatly
  • the formal structure of the political system has endured
communist party state7
Communist party-state
  • Guardianship
    • the Party represents the historical best interests of the people
    • the “people’s democratic dictatorship” allows no organized opposition to party leadership
  • Hierarchy of party and govt. organizations
    • “democratic centralism”
    • consultation and implementation
ccp general secretary
CCP General Secretary
  • Jiang Zemin (1989 - 2002)
  • Hu Jintao (2002 - )
politburo standing committee
Politburo Standing Committee
  • Each heads party work in one area
    • organization and personnel
    • propaganda and education
    • finance and economy
    • political-legal affairs
    • foreign affairs
    • etc.
ccp central committee
CCP Central Committee
  • About 200 members (and 150 alternate)
  • membership in CC reflects political power
  • Central Committee departments:
    • Department of Organization
    • Department of Propaganda
    • Department of United Front
    • Department of International Liaison
ccp national congress
CCP National Congress
  • Meets every 5 years since 1977
    • 1977, 1982, 1987, 1992, 1997, 2002
    • 16th National Party Congress
    • November 2002
    • 2154 delegates
  • elects
    • Central Committee
prc head of state
PRC Head of State
  • President
  • Jiang Zemin
    • 1993 - 2003
    • also the then CCP General Secretary
  • Hu Jintao
    • 2003 - 2008
    • also the current CCP General Secretary
central government
Central Government
  • Premier: Wen Jiabao (2003-2008)
  • State Council
  • 29 Ministries and Commissions
    • Ministry of Foreign Affairs
    • Ministry of National Defense
    • Development and Reform Commission
    • People’s Bank of China, etc.
central military commission
Central Military Commission
  • Commanders-in-chief of the People’s Liberation Army
  • in both the central Party and government structures
  • same composition
  • Chair: Hu Jintao
  • 11 members
national people s congress
National People’s Congress
  • According to the constitution, the highest organization of state authority
  • NPC Standing Committee
    • the permanent body of NPC exercises all but the most formal powers of the NPC
  • 8 Special Committees
    • legislative affairs, nationalities, agriculture and rural, foreign affairs, etc.
national people s congress18
National People’s Congress
  • NPC plenary sessions
    • meet annually in Beijing
    • for about 2 weeks
  • the nearly 3,000 deputies are elected
    • for 5-year terms
    • by provincial-level people’s congresses
power relationship
Power Relationship

CCP Politburo

National PCState Council

local people s congresses

People’s Congresses

Elected by

National

Provincial PC’s

Province

City PC’s

City

County or district PC’s

County

Eligible voters

Township

Eligible voters

Local People’s Congresses
provincial level governments
Provincial Level Governments
  • 22 Provinces
  • 5 Autonomous

Regions

  • 4 Municipalities
  • 2 Special

Administrative

Regions

5 autonomous regions
5 Autonomous Regions
  • Inner Mongolia
  • Xinjiang Uygur
  • Guangxi Zhuang
  • Ningxia Hui
  • Tibet
special administrative regions
Special Administrative Regions
  • Hong Kong (since 1997)
  • Macau
local governments
Local Governments
  • Cities
    • 4 cities at the rank of provinces
    • 15 cities at the rank of “semi-provinces”
    • 283 cities at the rank of prefectures
    • 374 cities at the rank of counties
  • 1,636 counties and 852 city districts
  • 35,484 townships (and 900,000 villages)
local party structure
Local Party Structure
  • 3.5 million party committees, party general branches, and party branches
  • provinces, cities, counties, townships, and villages
  • enterprises
    • state-owned enterprises
    • private enterprises
replicated at lower levels
Replicated at lower levels

Local party committee

local people’s congresslocal government