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SWEDEN. The mountain area. Stockholm. Grundsten,C & Palmgren,G: Fjällboken, Raben &Sjögren 1993. Carnivores. Reindeer-herding. Natural and cultural values. Flora - 700 different species midnight sun compensate the short growing season. http://www.sametinget.se/sampi/histor.html.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

SWEDEN

The mountain area

Stockholm

Grundsten,C & Palmgren,G: Fjällboken, Raben &Sjögren 1993

slide2

Carnivores

  • Reindeer-herding

Natural and cultural values

  • Flora - 700 different species
          • midnight sun compensate the
          • short growing season

http://www.sametinget.se/sampi/histor.html

slide3

Sami _________________

  • Sami is an ethnic group in

Sweden

  • Sami have a long tradition

of reindeer herding

  • Reindeer herding is a

whole Industry in Sweden

http://www.sametinget.se

slide4

Reindeer-herding

  • The reindeer are roaming between different

pasture in the mountain area during the year

  • Large carnevores are constantly a menace

to the reindeer

http://www.sametinget.se/sampi/rennar.html

slide5

The four carnivores in Sweden are legally protected by

  • Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
  • Eu Directive on the Conservation of Natural

Habitats and of the wild Fauna and Flora

http://www.environ.se/dokument/natur/rovdjur/rovdjur.html

http://www.de5stora.com

50 Wolfs

1000 Brown bears

slide6

http://www.de5stora.com

http://www.de5stora.com

300 Wolverine

1500 Lynx

  • Wolverine and lynx are a big problem

for the reindeer-herding

  • They cause large income losses for the

reindeer farmers

slide7

Breakdownof causes of death among reindeer claves up to one year of age

http://www.environ.se/dokument/natur/rovdjur/rovdjur.html

  • 1999 the state paid 35 M SEK to the Sami-village
  • Reindeer farmer get 1000 SEK per lost reindeer
  • The meat of a reindeer has double the value
slide8

Sweden both need the predators and reindeer herding

  • The predators contribute to the origin and the biodiversity
  • The reindeer herding makes the north part more colourful

and promote the richness and the productivity of species

Grundsten,C & Palmgren,G: Fjällboken, Raben &Sjögren 1993