Slide 1:The Philippine Civil Society Organizations: Its Participation in the Implementation of ODA Funded Projects and Practices Promoting Accountability
Slide 2:My presentation has two parts.
CSOs' participation in implementing ODA funded projects and
CSOs' initiatives and practices in promoting accountability.
Slide 3:ODA in the Philippines
Japan remains the largest source of ODA in the Philippines with aid amounting to US$ 372 million in 2002.
It is to be noted though, that there has been increasing criticisms of Japanese ODA,
as a mechanism to expand trade and investment opportunities for Japanese corporations and
a strategy to impose policy conditionalities on recipient countries.
Slide 4:Trade and investments ties between Philippines and Japan - the latter is obviously in the most advantageous and dominant position
terms of trade are unequivocally in favor of Japan, with Japan earning trade surplus out of its exports of high value commodities to the Philippines
investments highly placed in strategic areas and sectors complementing and enhancing its global competitiveness in the industrial sector.
Slide 5:CSOs' Participation in Implementing ODA Funded Projects
In the Philippine, CSOs' initiatives to engage government in ODA implementation took a long process of struggles and sacrifices.
During Marcos era in late 70s to the 80s
ODA was not a major issue
The issues: human rights, peace and justice, and freedom from dictatorship.
Slide 7: We know that there are other organizations who called themselves alternative groups who fight against the dictatorship.
militant leftist groups
Other extremist groups
Slide 8:NGOs were born as alternative groups to fight poverty in the countryside
providing basic services to the people in the remote areas where services supposedly the government should deliver were wanting.
The Post EDSA Peoples' Power Revolution
Slide 10:Changes in Policy environment New constitution in 1987
Structural changes giving recognition to CSOs
Conservation of nature
Party list representation in Congress
Reorganization of National Agricultural and Fishery Council CSOs representation in the council and different committees (food crops, aquaculture and fishery, etc)?
Creation of National Anti Poverty Commission sectoral representation (farmers, fisherfolks, urban poor, women, youth)?
Slide 11: Social Environment: Partnership and collaboration with international NGOs (with US NGOs)
Debt for nature swap
US congress appropriated $25 million for endowment for a non-profit foundation as part of its $125 million commitment for Natural Resources Management Program in the Philippines
In 1994, WWF turned over to FPE an endowment of PhP 569 million.
Slide 12:Networking and Linkaging among CSOs to engage government for policy reforms Agrarian Reform Now or AR Now an advocacy group agrarian reform in the country.
NGOs for Fisheries Reforms an advocacy group fishery sector and coastal resource management
Campaign against mining advocacy group to stop large-scale mining
Caucus for Development NGOs or CODE NGO a network of national and regional networks that advocate for good governance and transparency in government
Slide 13:Other network at the regional level in Asia AsiaDHRRA a network of DHRRA countries in Asia that promotes rural community development. Engages the ASEAN to influence FTA in member countries
Asian Farmers Alliance organized by AsiaDHRRA
Slide 14:CSOs' Emerging Practices for Accountability What is accountability?
Right spending and utilization of resources according to what is planned and agreed upon
Financial management/ system,
monitoring and evaluation
Doing your mandate as an organization.
Following the laws of the land
Slide 15:To whom CSOs are accountable? Externally to Partners
Internally to its:
Slide 16:Practices Promoting Accountability PhilDHRRA Case
- a national network of 64 NGOs
- has national board and secretariat
- 3 regional boards and secretariats one each for Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao
- a member of CODE NGO and AsiaDHRRA
- serves as Secretariat and project holder for AR NOW and Alliance Against Mining
Slide 17:Promotes accountability to its partners Conforming to standards mandated by law
Observing certain standards as prescribed by certifying institution the Philippine Council for NGO Certification or PCNC
Encouraging its member NGOs to undergo PCNC evaluation and get certified
Slide 18:PCNC - a quasi-government body established through the initiative of 6 of the country's largest NGO networks in the country
Association of Foundations
Bishops Businessmens' Conference for Human Development
Caucus of Development NGO or CODE NGO
League of Corporate Foundation
National Council for Sustainable Development Foundation
Philippine Business for Social Progress
Slide 19:PCNC mission and goals To create an environment where NGOs enjoy credibility and confidence of its various partners.
To set standards for financial accountability and governance;
To provide a mechanism of certification for NGOs that meet established minimum criteria for greater transparency and accountability;
To build confidence with the donor community in the accountability and governance of NGOs; and
To make the NGO certification known, understood, and accepted by the non-profit community.
Slide 20:PhilDHRRA Network Monitoring Tool Members regularly comply to update the network on their:
On-going programs/ project
Community and sectors serve
Contribution to poverty alleviation in the community the operate
Number of farmers provided with capital
Number of women trained for livelihood
Slide 21:CODE NGO Initiative in promoting good governance and accountability PDAF Watch
Priority Development Assistance Fund a government fund use to provide infrastructure projects in the countryside
It is a fund allocated to each of the congressmen/women
Local government units in the country side submit proposal for approval by concerned congressman/woman
Most controversial public fund because of corruption
Slide 22:PDAF Watch Purpose To monitor the performance of PDAF funded projects
Proper utilization of funds?
Proper bidding observed?
Covered project for monitoring were those that were implemented five years ago
Projects implemented according to plan?
Slide 23: The issue of exacting accountability should not only be confined to government and CSOs but it should be equally a concern by all of us as well.
After all, we are accountable for what we do and for not doing what we should do.
Slide 24:Maraming Salamat Po Sa Inyong Lahat