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Housing Problems and Irish Children The Impact of Housing on Children’s Well-being Simon Brooke Housing and social policy consultant ISPA conference 2004 Housing Problems and Irish Children Introduction Aims of study Literature review Analysis of existing data sources in Ireland

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housing problems and irish children

Housing Problems and Irish Children

The Impact of Housing on Children’s Well-being

Simon Brooke

Housing and social policy consultant

ISPA conference 2004

housing problems and irish children2
Housing Problems and Irish Children
  • Introduction
  • Aims of study
    • Literature review
    • Analysis of existing data sources in Ireland
  • Obstacles
aspects of housing
Aspects of housing
  • General health
  • Unintentional injuries
  • Lead poisoning
  • Asthma and respiratory disease
  • Overcrowding
  • Affordability
  • Neighbourhood conditions
literature review conclusions
Literature review: conclusions
  • Association between housing problems and well-being widely accepted
  • Causality not demonstrated in many aspects
    • Area under-researched
    • Difficult to determine causality
    • Housing conditions and environments have improved dramatically in last 100 years
    • Housing conditions not stable
  • But … perhaps not essential to demonstrate causality?
housing problems and irish children5
Housing Problems and Irish Children

Look for:

  • Disrepair
  • Dampness
  • Overcrowding
  • Affordability
  • Poor neighbourhoods
housing problems and irish children6
Housing problems and Irish Children
  • Two fruitful data sources:
    • Local Authority Assessments of Housing Need 1991 – 2002
    • Irish National Survey of Housing Quality 2001-2002
local authority assessments of housing need 1991 2002
Local Authority Assessments of Housing Need 1991 – 2002
  • No. of children in LAAHN doubled 1991-2002
  • ~ 5.5% of all children in LAAHN in 2002
  • ~ 25% of lone parent households in LAAHN compared with 2% of 2 parent households
local authority assessments of housing need 1991 20028
Local Authority Assessments of Housing Need 1991 – 2002
  • No. of households with affordability problems up 233% 1993 – 2002
  • 2/3of all households in LAAHN had income < €10,000 p.a.
  • 20% of all households in LAAHN was lone parent household with one child and income < €10,000 p.a.
irish national survey of housing quality 2001 2002
Irish National Survey of Housing Quality 2001-2002

Lone parent households experience particular disadvantage in housing

irish national survey of housing quality 2001 200210
Irish National Survey of Housing Quality 2001-2002

Lone parent households:

  • Much more likely to rent from local authority
  • (Local authority tenants experience higher deprivation than other tenures)
  • More likely to experience dampness or repair problems
  • More likely to experience neighbourhood problems
irish national survey of housing quality 2001 200211
Irish National Survey of Housing Quality 2001-2002

Lone parent households:

  • Much less likely to be owner-occupiers
  • Much more likely to claim rent supplement
  • Many experience affordability problems
  • More likely to have difficulty making ends meet
particular groups of children
Particular groups of children
  • Ethnic minority children
  • Traveller children
  • Children in homeless families
conclusions
Conclusions

Four groups affected by relevant conditions:

  • Children of lone parents in LA housing
  • Children of 2 parents in LA housing
  • Children of lone parents in PRS
  • Children of 2 parents in PRS
policy recommendations 1 4
Policy recommendations 1/4
  • Better data collection in future
    • Private Rented Residential Tenancies Board
    • LAAHN
    • Ethnic monitoring
    • QNHS
    • National Longitudinal Study
policy recommendations 2 4
Policy recommendations 2/4
  • Improve quality of LA housing
    • Abolish remedial works scheme and establish sinking fund
  • Improve quality of PRS
    • Higher standards
    • Better enforcement by Las
policy recommendations 3 4
Policy recommendations 3/4
  • Improve neighbourhoods
    • Reduce residualisation
    • Fund multi-disciplinary estate-based management and tenant participation
    • Consult children
  • Increase supply of social rented housing
    • Expenditure should continue to increase
policy recommendations 4 4
Policy recommendations 4/4
  • Minimise affordability problems for lone parent households
    • Rent supplement
  • National Children’s Strategy
    • Raise status of housing