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International perspective on BIM Building Information Modeling. Experiences Internationally and in Norway. Svein Willy Danielsen, SINTEF Byggforsk, Norway Launching the Icelandic Construction Technology Platform at Grand Hotel Reykjavik 17th August 2007. BIM Definitions.

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Internationalperspective on BIMBuilding Information Modeling.Experiences Internationally and in Norway

Svein Willy Danielsen,SINTEF Byggforsk, Norway

Launching the Icelandic Construction Technology Platform at Grand Hotel Reykjavik 17th August 2007


Design model

Procurem. model

Design model

Design model

Design model

Design model

What gives max. effect? Use in all phases!(”holistic view of IFC”) Diderik Haug, StatsbyggThe Directorate of Public Construction and Property in Norway


Construct. model

FM- model

As built model

IFC model- server

Next project

Generic knowledge

3d 4d building information modeling 1
3D-4D Building Information Modeling (1)

The following are highlights of the GSA National 3D-4D-BIM Program:

  • Establish policy to phase in 3D, 4D, and BIM adoption for all major projects
  • Lead 3D-4D-BIM pilot application on current capital projects
  • Provide expert support and assessment for ongoing capital projects to incorporate 3D, 4D, and BIM technologies
  • Assess industry readiness and technology maturity
  • Create GSA-specific incentives for 3D-4D-BIM
  • Develop solicitation and contractual language for 3D-4D-BIM services
3d 4d building information modeling 2
3D-4D Building Information Modeling (2)
  • Develop solicitation and contractual language for 3D-4D-BIM services
  • Partner with BIM vendors, professional associations, open standard organizations, and academic/research institutions
  • Construct GSA BIM Toolkit
  • Publish BIM Guide Series
    • Series 01 – 3D-4D-BIM Overview
    • Series 02 – Spatial Program Validation
  • Formulate additional BIM Guide Series:
    • Series 03 - 3D Laser Scanning
    • Series 04 - 4D Phasing
    • Series 05 - Energy Performance and Operations
    • Series 06 - Circulation and Security Validation
  • Establish knowledge portal community
  • Foster community of GSA BIM Champions
  • Form Community of GSA BIM Champions

Erabuild – BIM Barometer 2007 (1)

  • State of the art regarding development, implementation and deployment of BIM and IFC
  • Lessons learned in the process of development and implementation of BIM and IFC
  • Necessary future steps to move towards the use of integrated BIM processes
  • Total price, Euro 75.000

Erabuild – BIM Barometer 2007 (2)"Review of the Development and Implementation of IFC compatible BIM“

  • Questionnaire: The use of Building Information Models (BIM) and Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) in building construction sector.
    • The questionnaire includes 10 questions related to the use of BIM and IFC in the building construction sector.The questionnaire is a part of ERAbuild program's study
    • Funded by Danish Authority for Enterprise and construction (Denmark), Formas (Sweden), Forskningsrådet (Norway), PSIBouw (Netherlands) and Tekes (Finland).
    • The study is performed by SINTEF (Norway), VTT (Finland), Eurostep (Sweden) and Ramboll (Denmark).
europe innova workshop standards and innovation madeira 29 march 2007


STAND-INN project IFC based open standards & sustainability standards for sustainable constructionRole of government in standards and innovation Mr Svein E. Haagenrud, SINTEF, Norway

Europe INNOVA Workshop

Standards and Innovation,

Madeira, 29 March 2007

vision mission


  • Vision:
    • Sustainable Value creation for customers over the life-cycle of buildings using information models.
  • Mission:
    • To provide guidance on how standardisation supports innovation and ”Building Smart”.
    • To disseminate information about sustainability - and IFC/BIM standards.
the consortium
The Consortium


  • 2 partners from China and 1 from Australia

and with

  • 5 European (World) wide networks providers
    • IAI (13chapters),CIB, ECCREDI,ENBRI,CEN)

entailing major stakeholders from

  • Industry including SMEs, users, R&D and national Standardisation organisations
  • 30 members from 11 European countries
    • Norway, Finland, France, UK, Sweden, Italy, Lithuenia, Spain,Portugal, Germany, Belgium
construction industry is
Construction industry is:


  • -the 40% industry (environmental)
    • 40% of all emissions
    • 40% of material & energy consumption
    • Needs to become ”sustainable”
  • -the 30/30 Industry
    • 30% of any Country’s GDP is “construction” related (26 million jobs in EU)
    • 30% is waste (non-value transactions)
  • Lack of Communication (interoperability) is a key problem
    • US Report, 2004: Inadequate Interoperability in the U.S Capital Facilitates Industry costs Approximately $15.8 billion annually ,representing 2% of industry revenue.
    • Needs to ”change-transform”.
today s document centric model
Today’s “document-centric” model:


  • The same information is re-entered on average 7 times in different systems
  • significant communication errors and loss of project information, building damages(5% of investment)
  • 25-30% of the construction cost is caused by splitting up of processes and lousy communication
tomorrows information centric model
Tomorrows “information centric” model


IFC-BIM = buildingSmart


Driven by IAI!


IFC is all aboutexchange and sharing of information



-Ventilation, heating

-Life cycle cost

-Light, sound


-Fire, usage


-Life time predictions

Laws and regulations

-Building regulations

-Building specifications

CAD software

-Drawings, calculations

-Architect, engineer,…


-Visualisation, 3D models

Knowledge databases

-Best practise knowledge

-Own practice






-Functional req.





IFC + IFD product model


  • Series of ISO standards:
  • IFC – HOW to share data
  • IFD – WHAT you are sharing
  • IDM – WHICH data and WHEN to share it
  • $£¥€ – WHY…


Demolition, refurbishment




the IFC model




Facility management

-Letting, sale, operations





-Specification sheets

-Classification standards

-Estimates, accounting



Construction management


-Logistics, 4D


-Product databases

-Price databases

Illustrations: Lars Bjørkhaug Norwegian Building Research Institute, Olof Granlund, NBLN University of California, Stanford University



  • Looking at BIM/IFC use of standards/guidelines for:
    • Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) √
    • Environmentl prod Declaration (EPD) √
    • Life Cycle Costing (LCC) √ √ √ √ √ √ √
    • Energy Performance Declaration√ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √
    • Environmental Impact √ √ √ √ √ √ √
    • Adaptability to change in use √√ √
    • Reusability / Recycling √
    • Service Life Planning √
    • Social Impact √ √ √
    • Energy Efficiency √ √ √
european building performance directive
European Building Performance Directive


  • IFC can improve energy performance assessment according to national calculation methods (NCM) implementing the European Building Performance Directive
  • Designer options:
    • Use a thermal analysis software application
    • Use the basic SBEM (simple BuildingEvaluation method)
    • Interface to SBEMfrom a BIM application using IFC

Requirement at April 2006 is that the carbon cost of the building, assessed in kgCO2/m2 shall be at least 20% lower than the equivalent test building.

  • Application developed by the IAI UK / BSRIA Part L2 Working party including Nick Nisbet (AEC3 Ltd), Brendan MacFarlane (DDS UK Ltd), Christoph Morbitzer (HLM Architects) February-March 2006
test building
Test Building


Building Monthly Energy by End Use (kWh/m2)

  • Classrooms
  • Laboratories
  • Atrium
  • Other
    • Staffroom
    • WC’s
conclusion on role of government
Conclusion on Role of Government


  • Key drivers for change/innovation
    • As ”adopters”
    • As ”influencers”
    • As ”implemetenrs”
  • Governments mandate IFC/BIM
    • Norwegian Government (Bygningsteknisk Etat and Statsbygg) mandated IFC in 2005.
    • Singapore Government deployed CORENET e-Plan Check System in 2005.
    • US: Public Building Services' requires GSA to use IFC by 2006
      • New York City will run a Singapore e-PlanCheck Prototype
    • Shanghai plan for a “Singapore Prototype” in 2007
    • Denmark and Finland from 1.09.2007
    • Etc
  • When will we see EU requiring IFC/BIM &sustainability standards in building projects?