ancient greece was located on a peninsula with this sea to the east and this sea to the south
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Ancient Greece was located on a peninsula with this sea to the EAST and this sea to the SOUTH:. AEGEAN (EAST) MEDITERRANEAN (SOUTH). Location of Greece:. Balkan Peninsula Europe Asia Minor (Ionia was a city-state established during the Dark Ages).

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ancient greece was located on a peninsula with this sea to the east and this sea to the south

Ancient Greece was located on a peninsula with this sea to the EAST and this sea to the SOUTH:

AEGEAN (EAST)

MEDITERRANEAN (SOUTH)

location of greece

Location of Greece:

Balkan Peninsula Europe

Asia Minor

(Ionia was a city-state established during the Dark Ages)

location of 1 athens 2 sparta 3 troy

Location of: 1.Athens2. Sparta3. Troy

Attica Peninsula

Peloponnesian Peninsula

Ionia/Asia Minor/Anatolia Peninsula

slide5

What topographical feature led to the isolated development of city states instead of a unified empire?

MOUNTAINS

slide6

Although the climate was mild and some soils were good for grape, olive and wheat farming, Greeks had to:

Trade for items they could not produce and

COLONIZE

the good harbors and merchant trade emphasis resulted in this for ancient greece

The good harbors and merchant trade emphasis resulted in this for Ancient Greece:

1. Cultural diffusion

2. Technological advances

with such a mild climate greeks congregated in the agora and

With such a mild climate, Greeks congregated in the AGORA and:

Engaged in civic and commercial activities.

what are the goals of ancient greek religion

What are the goals of Ancient Greek Religion?

1.To explain the mysteries of nature.

2. To explain life after death

4. To justify the unpredictability of human emotion

order of athenian government

Order of Athenian Government

Monarchy

Aristocracy (oligarchy)

Tyranny

Democracy

MATD

type of government in sparta

Type of government in Sparta

OLIGARCHY

(rule by a few nobles)

slide25

In order to ease overcrowding on the mainland of Greece and gain access to additional grain, the Greeks established:

COLONIES

the greek merchants changed the barter economy of the mediterranean to a

The Greek merchants changed the barter economy of the Mediterranean to a:

MONEY ECONOMY (b/c all civilizations value the precious metal in money)

the three social groups in the city state were

The three social groups in the city-state were:

1. Citizens

2. Free people with no political rights (women & foreigners)

3. Slaves

t or f civic decisions were made in open debate and men were expected to participate in public life

T or F: Civic decisions were made in open debate and men were expected to participate in public life

TRUE!

the athenian archon tyrant who was known for his written laws and harsh draconian punishments

The Athenian archon (tyrant) who was known for his written laws and harsh (Draconian) punishments:

DRACO

athenian archon tyrant who improved the legal system and expanded participation in the assembly

Athenian archon (tyrant) who improved the legal system and expanded participation in the Assembly

SOLON

results of the persian war

Results of the Persian War

Golden Age in Athens

slide34

This Athenian ruler during Athens’ “Golden Age” established a democracy in which all adult male citizens had an equal voice in government

PERICLES

slide35

What is the name of the building built by this ruler in Athens after the destruction of the Persian Wars?

THE PARTHENON

under athenian leadership this was an alliance of greek city states for mutual defense

Under Athenian leadership, this was an alliance of Greek city states for mutual defense:

THE DELIAN LEAGUE

two causes of the peloponnesian war included

Two causes of the Peloponnesian War included:

Athenian dominance of the Delian League became excessive

Sparta desired to overthrow Athens’ control of the league

3 effects of the peloponnesian war

3 effects of the Peloponnesian War:

1. Greece was no longer united 2. Greece was vulnerable to invasion by the Macedonians

3. Cultural development was stopped

slide39

Great Greek philosopher who introduced a new method of teaching by questioning and died from hemlock (poison):

SOCRATES

slide40

Author of the “Republic,” a work describing this philosopher’s idea of rule by wise and ethical Philosopher Kings

PLATO

slide41

An accomplished scientist as well as a great philosopher, this man favored a government in which there was a separation of powers:

ARISTOTLE

father of history this great greek historian and traveler was known for exaggerating events

“Father of History,” this great Greek historian and traveler was known for exaggerating events:

HERODOTUS

greek historian who was accurate impartial and only accepted eye witness accounts

Greek historian who was accurate & impartial and only accepted eye-witness accounts

THUCYDIDES

slide44

Greek sculptor who created the enormous statues of Athena for the Parthenon and the statue of Zeus for Olympia:

PHIDIAS

the 3 types of greek columns are

The 3 types of Greek columns are:

1. DORIC

2. IONIC (Ionian)

3. CORINTHIAN

slide46

Known for his rational scientific and ethical approach, this man is considered the founder of modern medicine:

HIPPOCRATES

pythagorus
The great mathematician who developed the theorem known to all geometry students as the way to find the relationship between the sides of a right triangle:

PYTHAGORUS

slide53

Alexander’s empire and the influence of Greek culture extended as far as this river valley in the East

THE INDUS RIVER VALLEY

t or f the people of egypt mesopotamia and india were not influenced by greek culture and art

T or F: The people of Egypt, Mesopotamia and India were not influenced by Greek culture and art.

FALSE!!

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