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Understanding tables

When there is a lot of information relating to one thing, it can be much

clearer and easier to understand if it is displayed in a table.

Tables are used in many situations in everyday life, so it is vital

that we understand how to read them accurately.

The following table shows the cost of renting DVDs from a rental store.

How much do comedy films cost over 7 days? £5.50

How much do science fiction films cost over 3 days? £3.25

How much do horror film cost over 7 days? £5.00

9:55–

10:35

10:35–

11:15

11:15–

11:30

11:30–

12.10

12:00–

12:50

12:50–

1:40

1:40–

2:20

2:20–

3:00

9:00–

9:55

Mon

English

Swimming

Swimming

Maths

Maths

Lunch

IT

RE

Tues

Art

Art

English

English

Maths

Lunch

IT

IT

Wed

French

Maths

Home Ec.

Home Ec.

Lunch

Maths

Geography

Geography

Thur

PE

PE

Science

Science

English

English

Lunch

Home Ec.

Fri

French

English

Art

Science

Science

Lunch

Maths

RE

Understanding tables

Here is a copy of Gerry’s school timetable.

English

What does Gerry have at 11.30 on Thursday?

How many periods of swimming does Gerry have?

2

What class is Gerry in at 12.30 on Friday?

RE

Understanding tables

The following table shows the cost of buying a holiday from a travel

agent.

£410

How much does 10 days in Majorca cost?

How much does 7 days in the Canary Islands cost?

£375

Stephen spent £450 on his holiday. Where did he go and for how long did he go for?

14 days in the Canary Islands

Now try questions 1–4 in your booklet.

Key

Football

= 2 people

Rugby

Swimming

Basketball

Pictographs

It is also possible to show information by using pictures in a pictograph.

Each pictograph has a key which lets you know what the value of each

picture is.

This pictograph shows the favourite sports of a class in 4th year.

4

How many people like basketball?

7

How many people like football?

How many people like rugby and swimming in total?

5

Pictographs

This pictograph shows the number of customers per week at the fruit

and veg shop since it opened in 2007

Key: = 100 people

200

How many people visited in 2007?

400

How many people visited in 2008?

How many people visited in 2009?

650

Now try questions 5 and 6 in your booklet.

16

14

12

10

8

6

4

2

0

Lost

24

Family

Guy

EastEnders

Bar Graphs

A bar graph is another way of showing information in a clear and

tidy way. This one shows the favourite TV shows of a group of students.

EastEnders

What is the most popular show?

5

How many more people prefer Family Guy to Lost?

How many fewer people prefer Lost to 24?

3

16

14

12

10

8

6

4

2

0

Apple Orange Banana Grapes

Bar Graphs

This bar graph shows the favourite types of fruit among a group

of students.

15

How many people like bananas?

How many more people like bananas than like apples?

1

17

How many people like apples and oranges?

Now try questions 7 and 8 in your booklet.

21

20

19

18

17

16

15

14

13

12

11

10

Sun

Fri

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Sat

Line graphs

Another way to display information in a clear way is to use a line graph.

This one shows the maximum temperature in Glasgow over 1 week in June.

Friday

What was the warmest day?

How much warmer was it on Friday than on Wednesday?

5 degrees

What was the temperature on Sunday?

17 degrees

Jon

x

Bill

x

100

Bob

x

Dee

x

90

Tom

x

80

Ann

x

Jan

x

70

English

60

Rab

x

50

40

30

20

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

10

Maths

Scattergraphs

Scattergraphs are very useful when comparing two sets of data. This

scattergraph shows the scores of a class in maths and English.

Now try questions 9 and 10 in your booklet.

Maths: 50%

English: 40%

What scores did Rab get?

Maths: 80%

English: 90%

What scores did Jon get?

How much higher was Jan’s maths score than her English score?

30%

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