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THE ROLE OF INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE IN MANAGING HIV/AIDS: The Case of Ghana     September 8-9, 2005       PowerPoint Presentation
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THE ROLE OF INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE IN MANAGING HIV/AIDS: The Case of Ghana     September 8-9, 2005      

THE ROLE OF INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE IN MANAGING HIV/AIDS: The Case of Ghana     September 8-9, 2005      

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THE ROLE OF INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE IN MANAGING HIV/AIDS: The Case of Ghana     September 8-9, 2005      

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  1. THE ROLE OF INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE IN MANAGING HIV/AIDS: The Case of Ghana    September 8-9, 2005      

  2. THE USEFULNESS OF HERBAL MEDICINES IN POST HIGHLY ACTIVE ANTIRETROVIRALTREATMENT (HAART) ERA BY DR. MUBARAK OSEI-KWASI Noguchi Memorial Institute For Medical Research, University Of Ghana August 11, 2005

  3. High prevalence of HIV infection among pregnant African women between 24 and 29 years means that most of them were infected between 15 and 19 years ( Junior Secondary School (JSS) and Senior Secondary School (SSS) years

  4. Despite positive impact that antiretroviral therapy has had on the lives of individuals with HIV infection, the adverse effects, potential long-term toxicities, complexity of regimens, development of drug resistance and cost have made decisions about when to initiate HAART difficult.

  5. Patients are seeking help from alternative systems of medicines Unani, Chinese, Ayurvedic, naturopathy, acupuncture, Kneipt-Therapy, homeopathy and many others

  6. Their importance has led to a new Discipline known as Alternative Medicine being taught in some higher institutions in Europe, America and Asia.

  7. Africans use medicinal plants for the treatment of many diseases without any scientific evidence. It is known that some medicinal plants contain vitamins, minerals, etc. which help the body maintain a healthy balance.

  8. Description Of Patients Signs and symptoms specifically asked for and documented • Chronic diarrhoea of greater than 1-month duration. • Unintentional weight loss • Greater than 10% of body weigh • Dermatological problems. • Prolonged fever (documented more than 1-month duration) • Persistent cough • Genital ulceration and vaginal discharge • Menstrual disorders.

  9. Description Of Patients Signs and symptoms specifically asked for and documented • Chronic diarrhoea of greater than 1-month duration. • Unintentional weight loss • Greater than 10% of body weigh • Dermatological problems. • Prolonged fever (documented more than 1-month duration) • Persistent cough • Genital ulceration and vaginal discharge • Menstrual disorders.

  10. Table 1. Constant low CD4 Levels

  11. Table 2. Increasing CD4 Levels

  12. Table 3. High CD4 Levels

  13. Treatment of Herpes Zoster

  14. Constraints • Mistrust • Preparations of decoctions • Dosage of herbal decoctions • Definitions -cure and treatment

  15. Constraints (cont.) 5. Acceptance of herbal medications by orthodox medical institutions 6.  Research funding 7. Support - i) Herbalist -ii) Patients

  16. RESEARCH ON FLAVONOIDS • Hu CQ, Chen K, Shi Q, Kilkuskie RE, Cheng YC, Lee KH. • Natural Products Laboratory, School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina

  17. RESEARCH ON FLAVONOID (Cont.) • Seven other natural flavonoids, and 14 synthetic flavonoids have been evaluated. • Flavonoids with hydroxy groups at C-5 and C-7 and with a C-2-C-3 double bond have been found to be potent inhibitors of HIV growth.

  18. SOME SOURCES OF FLAVONOIDS • COCOA • GREEN TEA • CHRYSANTHENIUM ETC. • Identified As Major Sources Of These Compounds.

  19. A CHALLENGE OF OUR TIME • Ghanaian scientists (esp. Chemists and Biochemists) should do their best to isolate these compounds and join hands with other researchers to evaluate them for medicinal purposes.

  20. LAST WORDS • WISDOM IS FROM ALLAH (GOD), EXPERIENCE CAN MAKE MAN KNOWLEDGABLE, • BUT ONLY ALLAH (GOD) CAN MAKE HIM WISE

  21. THANK YOU !!!MERÇI BEAUCOUP!! GRACIAS!!! ASANTE SANA !!!YE DA MU ASε !!!