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The Adequacy of the U.S. S&E Workforce: A QUANTITATIVE PERSPECTIVE. John Sargent Senior Policy Analyst U.S. Department of Commerce. Alarm Bells…. “… the nation may likely face severe shortages in SET workers…”

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the adequacy of the u s s e workforce a quantitative perspective

The Adequacy of the U.S. S&E Workforce:A QUANTITATIVE PERSPECTIVE

John Sargent

Senior Policy Analyst

U.S. Department of Commerce

alarm bells
Alarm Bells…
  • “… the nation may likely face severe shortages in SET workers…”

–Land of Plenty, Commission on the Advancement of Women and Minorities in Science, Engineering, and Technology Development (CAWMSET)

  • “There is a quiet crisis building in the United States [that] stems from the gap between the nation’s growing need for scientists, engineers, and other technically skilled workers, and its production of them.”

– The Quiet Crisis: Falling Short in Producing American Scientific and Technical Talent, Building Engineering and Science Talent (BEST)

  • “… U.S. need for the highest quality human capital in science, mathematics and engineering is not being met.”

– Hart-Rudman Commission

  • "Our 1998 study found a shortage of 346,000 programmers, systems analysts and computer scientists."

– ITAA president Harris Miller

  • "We are not training enough American scientists and engineers to retain our prosperity ...."

– American Scientist magazine, 2001

  • “a serious deficit of scientists and engineers” resulting in “an evaporating dominance.”

– Dan Goldin, former NASA administrator, 2001

s e bachelor s degrees
S&E Bachelor’s Degrees

Life Sciences Up...

...Engineering, Physical Sciences, and Math Down

engineering bachelor s degrees half empty or half full
Engineering Bachelor’s Degrees…Half Empty or Half Full?

…or a 53 percent increase since 1976?

A 23 percent decline

since 1985…

it education training landscape how it workers get and maintain their skills
IT Education & Training LandscapeHow IT Workers Get and Maintain their Skills
  • IT Bachelor’s Degrees
  • IT-Related Minors
  • Combined IT Bachelors/Masters Degree Programs
  • IT-Related Masters of Science Programs
  • Techno MBAs
  • Two-Year IT Degrees at Community Colleges
  • IT Certificate Programs
  • Private, For-Profit Education and Training Institutions
  • Vendor and Vendor-neutral IT Certification
  • Federal, State and Regional IT Training Initiatives
  • Boot Camps and Seminars
  • Employer Programs
  • On-Line, CD-ROM, Books
  • The Churn
possible niche areas of need
Possible Niche Areas of Need
  • Federal S&E Employees: Unique Challenges
  • Industries Affected by Past/Current Federal Demand
  • University Professors in High Demand Disciplines
  • Emerging Disciplines
  • Converging Disciplines
  • Industries with Past Workforce Shocks
challenge to the community analysis
Challenge to the Community: Analysis
  • Conduct In-Depth Quantitative, Qualitative Analysis
  • Separate Niche, Broad Demand
  • Identify Unique Challenges
    • Industrial
    • Regional
    • Occupational
    • Level of Education
challenge to the community action
Challenge to the Community: Action
  • Math and Science Education in K-12
  • Image of Scientists and Engineers
  • S&E Career Awareness in Middle, High School
  • Industry Feedback to Post-Secondary Institutions
  • Post-Secondary Institutions’ Responsiveness to Market Demands
  • Industry Must Help Itself
challenges to growing domestic s e workforce
Challenges toGrowing Domestic S&E Workforce
  • Cost-Benefit of Grad Education in S&E vs. Law, Business
challenges to growing domestic s e workforce24
Challenges toGrowing Domestic S&E Workforce
  • Cost-Benefit of Grad Education in S&E vs. Law, Business
challenges to growing domestic s e workforce25
Challenges toGrowing Domestic S&E Workforce
  • Cost-Benefit of Grad Education in S&E vs. Law, Business
  • Attractiveness of Careers in S&E vs. Law, Business
  • Strong Emphasis by Other Nations, Cultures on S&E Education
  • Access to Foreign Labor in the U.S. (H-1B, L1)
  • Access to Foreign Labor Abroad (Offshoring—direct and through contract)
    • Significantly lower salary costs
    • Pools of well-educated S&E talent
    • Improved national infrastructure, political stability
  • Large Government, Industry Focus on Health R&D
factors supporting u s ability to grow domestic s e workforce
Factors Supporting U.S. Ability to Grow Domestic S&E Workforce
  • Premier Academic Research Institutions
  • Elite Students Among Best in World
  • Powerful Industrial Base, Potential Partners in S&E Education and Training
  • Money Talks!
contact information

Contact Information

John F. Sargent

Senior Policy Analyst

Office of Technology Policy, Technology Administration

U.S. Department of Commerce

202-482-6185

[email protected]

www.ta.doc.gov

slide35
U.S. Population Projections: Numbers By Race, EthnicitySharp Increase in Hispanics; Substantial Increase in Asians; Moderate Increase in Blacks; Whites, American Indians Constant
slide36
U.S. Population Projections: Racial and Ethnic CompositionSteep Decline in Percentage of Whites; Sharp Increase in Hispanics; Substantial Increase in Asians; Moderate Decline in Blacks; American Indians Constant
slide37
Strong correlation between Federal R&D investments in MEPS and bachelor’s degree production in MEPS fields

Federal R&D, Non-Biomedical

constant (1996)B$

Federal R&D, Non-Biomedical

constant (1996)B$

offshoring it on leading edge
IT Applications

Computer Chip Design

Help Desk

Software Engineering

Software Design

Programming

IT Hardware Systems Integration

Software Systems Integration

E-commerce

Supply-Chain Management

Data Mining

Offshoring: IT on Leading Edge
it not alone
Home Loan Processing

Radiology

Insurance Claim Processing

Scientific Information Research

Accounting

Financial Analysis

Engineering Design

Product Design

Employee Benefits

Tax Accounting

Architectural Work

R&D

Airline Reservation and Customer Service

Credit Card/Loan Processing

IT Not Alone
where is the work going
India

China

Russia

Poland

Mexico

Czech Republic

Poland

Philippines

Hungary

Costa Rica

Brazil

Where is the Work Going?
factors driving interest in offshoring
Factors Driving Interest in Offshoring

Globally competitive environment, market financial expectations…

  • Cost
  • Business Climate
    • Less Regulation
    • Fewer Torts
  • Round the Clock Operations
  • Focus on Core Competencies
media reported salary comparisons
U.S. IT Workers

$70-$100 per hour

U.S. Programmers

$1,600-$3,600 per mo.

U.S. Project Managers

$3,600-$7,100 per mo.

U.S. Architects

$65 per hour

U.S. Engineers

$90,000 per year

IT Workers in India

$20 per hour

Programmers in the Philippines

$250-$700 per mo.

Project Managers in the Philippines

$700-$1,150 per mo.

Architects in Hungary

$18 per hour

Engineers in the Philippines

$13,000 per year

Media-reported Salary Comparisons

Here…AND…There

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