RFID Academic Convocation 2006
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RFID Academic Convocation 2006. Tracking & Tracing of Returnable Transport Items and Pre-Finished Goods within the Automotive Supply Chain Case Studies in the Field of Automobile Logistics. Prof. Dr.-Ing. Bernd Scholz-Reiter University of Bremen Planning and Control of Production Systems

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RFID Academic Convocation 2006

Tracking & Tracing of Returnable Transport Items and Pre-Finished Goods within the Automotive Supply ChainCase Studies in the Field of Automobile Logistics

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Bernd Scholz-Reiter

University of Bremen

Planning and Control of Production Systems

University of Bremen, Germany


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Table of contents

  • Introduction

  • Tracking & Tracing of Pre-Finished Goods

  • Tracking & Tracing of Returnable Transport Items


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Conventional control

  • Hierarchical structure

  • Global information

  • Central control

Autonomous control

  • Heterarchical structure

  • Local information

  • Decentralised control

Paradigm shift – conventional vs. autonomous control

Paradigm shift

1. Introduction



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  • Cooperation project “Autonomous Control in Automobile Logistics” between E.H.Harms Automobile-Logistics and the University of Bremen.

  • Automobile logistics service provider for new and used vehicles

  • in the range of transport, technical treatment, storage and handling of vehicles.

  • Consisting of E.H.H. Auto-Terminals, E.H.H. Automobil-Transporte und E.H.H. Car Shipping.

  • Europe-wide network with auto-terminals at strategically important traffic junctions.

  • Transport of vehicles between automobile manufacturer, auto-terminals and automobile dealer via vessel, rail and truck.

Case study 1 - FasTer

E. H. Harms Automobile-Logistics

2. Object of investigation

Investigation of several possible fields of application of RFID-Systems based on the processes of an idealised automobile terminal.


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  • Documentation of vehicle movements via bar code scanner or keyboard.

  • Several weaknesses of manual data entry in the field of automobile logistics:

    • Rain drops, condensate and snow on the windscreen makes scanning unreliable to impossible.

    • Bar code labels bleach when exposed to direct sunlight.

    • Incorrect or incomplete data acquisition and as a result high consequential costs.

Current state – auto-terminal processes and weaknesses

Transport

Identification

Storage

Delivery request

Technical treatment

Delivery

2. Object of investigation

  • Manual data entry via bar code scanner or keyboard is error-prone, time-consuming and concerning its quality dependent on the competence of the responsible employee.


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$ the Vehicle Identification No.

Opportunities for improvement

Adoption of transponders provides many opportunities for improvement, for example:

Improvement of data quality (complete and faultless date entry)

Process acceleration (immediate vehicle identification and passage documentation, bulk identification of entire truck loads)

Enhancement of process transparency (correct vehicle identification, complete documentation of vehicle movements, up-to-date vehicle stock)

Cost savings (decrease of costs resulting from faulty data entries, reduction of equipment cost through recycling of transponders)

Improvement of working conditions (simplification of date entry tasks through more comprehensive and improved computer-aided support.

Protection and improvement of the market position (development of competitive advantages due to early adoption of innovative ICT)

3. Opportunities for improvement


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Operation mode of the Hybrid-Solution the Vehicle Identification No.

IT-System

Vehicle locating

(via GPS)

Data communication

(via WLAN, GSM etc.)

Vehicle identification

(via passive transponder)


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® the Vehicle Identification No.

A D V A N C E R E L E N T L E S S L Y

Case Study 2 - ProLadung

Tracking & Tracing of

Returnable Transport Items (RTI)

  • Partners involved:

    • 3 project partners:

    • 2 pilot installations: Bremen, Bremen.

  • Scope:

    • 75 man-month,

    • Volume ca. 550.000 Euro.

  • Public funding:

    • BIA – Bremer Innovations-Agentur


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Task: Integration of RTI‘s and flow of material the Vehicle Identification No.

Supplier

Logistics

Center

Transport

  • Repair/

  • Scrap

  • Cleaning

Loaded

RTI‘S

Supplier

Production

Supply OEM

  • Component production

  • Loading of RTI‘s

  • Delivery

  • Buffer

Dispatching loaded RTI‘s

Assembly

OEM

Transport

  • Component dispatching

  • Withdrawal

  • Assembly

Dispatching

Empty RTI‘s

Transport

Of RTI‘s

Empty RTI‘s

Carrier

External storage area


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Seat supply cycle - schematic representation the Vehicle Identification No.

OEM

Supplier

Delivery

Production

Loaded RTI Buffer

Material Flow

1

Unloaded RTI Buffer

2

RTI-Buffer

Assembly

Repair

Production

+ Load

Delivery

Buffer

Unload +

Assembly

Process Flow

Repair

Buffer

Return

Transport

Buffer

Station

Flow of Material

Process

RTI (loaded, unloaded)

Process Flow

Drop Out

Truck

RFID/Gate


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Project goals the Vehicle Identification No.

Improvement of process reliability

  • Delivery of seats in sequence

  • Loading of RTI‘s in sequence

  • Delivery of RTI‘s to the right OEM

  • Assembly of seats in correct order

  • Reduction of costs and complexity

  • Real time accurate asset data (quantity, location, load) for RTI‘s

  • Reduction of circulating assets


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Seat and RTI tagging the Vehicle Identification No.

RTI‘s are equipped with two transponders

Removable transponder for seat frame


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