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Exploring Microsoft Office 2003 Internet Explorer and the World Wide Web: Welcome to Cyberspace Robert Grauer and Maryann Barber Committed to Shaping the Next Generation of IT Experts. Objectives (1 of 2) Define the Internet and brief history World Wide Web vs. Internet

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exploring microsoft office 2003
Exploring Microsoft Office 2003

Internet Explorer and the World Wide Web: Welcome to Cyberspace

Robert Grauer and Maryann Barber

Committed to Shaping the Next Generation of IT Experts.

Internet Explorer and the World Wide Web: Welcome to Cyberspace

objectives 1 of 2
Objectives (1 of 2)
  • Define the Internet and brief history
  • World Wide Web vs. Internet
  • Structure of a Web address
  • “Backing up within an address”
  • Internet Explorer toolbar
  • Returning to a Web site
  • Distinguish between the History and Favorites lists

Internet Explorer and the World Wide Web: Welcome to Cyberspace

objectives 2 of 2
Objectives (2 of 2)
  • Using different or multiple search engines
  • AND, OR, and NOT
  • Downloading a picture from the Web
  • E-commerce vs. traditional commerce
  • Http and https protocols
  • Define a cookie

Internet Explorer and the World Wide Web: Welcome to Cyberspace

the internet
The Internet
  • A network of networks
  • Began in 1969 as ARPAnet (Advanced Research Projects Agency)
  • No central authority and thus impossible to state the precise size
  • The Internet is not free just because you do not pay for it

Internet Explorer and the World Wide Web: Welcome to Cyberspace

connecting to the internet
At Work or School

Via a Local Area Network

At Home

Traditional Modem (56KB)

Cable Modem

DSL Modem

Via the university’s network connection in the dorm

Via Ethercard connected to the Data Jack via network cable

Connecting to the Internet

Internet Explorer and the World Wide Web: Welcome to Cyberspace

the world wide web
The World Wide Web
  • A subset of the Internet consisting of all computers with hypertext or hypermedia documents
  • These documents contain references (links) to other documents which may be on a different computer anywhere in the world
  • Began in 1991 at the European Particle Physics Laboratory (CERN) in Switzerland

Internet Explorer and the World Wide Web: Welcome to Cyberspace

terminolgy
Terminolgy
  • HTTP – HyperText Transfer Protocol is used to transmit Web documents
  • HTTPS – Secure protocol for confidential transactions
  • HTML – The language in which all Web documents are displayed
  • TCP/IP – A suite of protocols that allows multiple platforms to communicate
  • URL – Uniform Resource Locator
  • Web Server – Computers that store hypertext and/or hypermedia documents and make them available to other computers
  • Web Client – Personal computers that access files held by web servers
  • Web Browser – Software application to locate and display web pages

Internet Explorer and the World Wide Web: Welcome to Cyberspace

microsoft internet explorer
Menu Bar

File

Edit

View

Favorites

Tools

Help

Address Bar

URL

Toolbar

Back Button

Forward Button

Stop

Refresh

Home

Search

Favorites

History

Microsoft Internet Explorer

Internet Explorer and the World Wide Web: Welcome to Cyberspace

the exploring office web site
The Exploring Office Web Site

Internet Explorer is the browser

Web address (or URL)

HTTP protocol

Internet Explorer and the World Wide Web: Welcome to Cyberspace

hyperlinks
Hyperlinks
  • The essence of the Web as you click on a link to more to the next document, which may be stored on a different computer
  • Hyperlinks may contain text, graphics, sound, or video links
    • Blue underlined fonts are unexplored
    • Magenta links have been previously accessed

www.microsoft.com

www.microsoft.com

Internet Explorer and the World Wide Web: Welcome to Cyberspace

the web is always changing
The Web is always changing

Address bar (address is constant, but the content changes)

Print button

Hyperlinks

Internet Explorer and the World Wide Web: Welcome to Cyberspace

uniform resource locator url

http://www.annex.com/southwest/museum.htm

Document

Path (Directory or Folder)

Internet Address (Web site)

Means of access,

HyperText Transfer Protocol

Uniform Resource Locator (URL)

Internet Explorer and the World Wide Web: Welcome to Cyberspace

domain names
Original Six:

.edu (education)

.com (commercial)

.gov (government)

.mil (military)

.net (network administration)

.org (non-profit)

New domains:

.biz (business)

.pro (licensed professional)

.info (information services)

.uk (United Kingdom)

.ca (Canada)

.au (Australia)

Domain Names

Internet Explorer and the World Wide Web: Welcome to Cyberspace

examples of urls
Examples of URLs
  • My school: www.miami.edu
  • Exploring Windows: www.prenhall.com/grauer
  • My favorite site: www.refdesk.com
  • Anti-virus updates: www.symantec.com
  • Download software: www.tucows.com

Internet Explorer and the World Wide Web: Welcome to Cyberspace

a message travels the internet
A message travels the Internet

All that matters is the beginning and ending address

Internet Explorer and the World Wide Web: Welcome to Cyberspace

searching the web
Searching the Web
  • Search Engines
  • Web Directories
  • Meta Search Engines
  • Clearinghouse

Internet Explorer and the World Wide Web: Welcome to Cyberspace

search engines
Search Engines
  • A program that systematically searches the Web for documents on a specific topic
  • Uses a key word or words as a query
  • Several search engines are available
  • Each search engine has its own database
  • No search engine is best
  • Uses Boolean (logical) operators
  • Returns “hits” or documents once search has been submitted

Internet Explorer and the World Wide Web: Welcome to Cyberspace

suggestions for searching
Suggestions for Searching
  • Try multiple search engines on one query
  • Be aware of logical operators - AND, OR, and NOT
  • Search on a concept: e.g., “first ladies” rather than “Eleanor Roosevelt”
  • Advanced Searches
  • Set Bookmarks/Favorites

Internet Explorer and the World Wide Web: Welcome to Cyberspace

popular web search engines
Popular Web Search Engines

Internet Explorer and the World Wide Web: Welcome to Cyberspace

web site and saving an image
Web Site and Saving an Image

Right click picture for context-sensitive menu

Choose Save Picture As command

Internet Explorer and the World Wide Web: Welcome to Cyberspace

copyright protection
Copyright Protection
  • A copyright provides legal protection to a written or artistic work, give the author exclusive rights to its use and distribution
  • Exceptions
    • Public domain or Fair use exclusion
  • Credit your sources
    • Insert Footnote command
  • Infringement of copyright
    • Software piracy
    • Downloading music illegally

Internet Explorer and the World Wide Web: Welcome to Cyberspace

e commerce
E-commerce
  • The exchange of goods and services
    • Buyer and seller
    • Products and suppliers
    • A place to “meet”
    • Marketing to attract the buyer
    • Accept and process the order
  • All of these elements are present in e-commerce and traditional commerce

Internet Explorer and the World Wide Web: Welcome to Cyberspace

advantages of e commerce
For the Seller

Open 24/7

Shoppers from anywhere

Virtual inventory is cheaper and extensive

Lower transaction costs

Target your customers

For the Buyer

Open 24/7

Never leave home

Easy to view and explore product line

Comparison shop

Web site knows you

Advantages of E-commerce

Internet Explorer and the World Wide Web: Welcome to Cyberspace

security and privacy
Security and Privacy
  • Secure transactions
    • https protocol
    • Encryption
  • Privacy
    • Cookie is a small file written to your disk each time you visit a site
    • Problem is when one site can read many cookies, e.g., DoubleClick.com

Internet Explorer and the World Wide Web: Welcome to Cyberspace

returning to a previous site
Returning to a Previous Site

History folder

Favorites folder

Internet Explorer and the World Wide Web: Welcome to Cyberspace

organize favorites
Organize Favorites

Rename a favorite

Create a new folder

Move a favorite

Delete a favorite

Internet Explorer and the World Wide Web: Welcome to Cyberspace

summary
Summary
  • TheInternet is a network of networks
  • Internet Explorer and Netscape Navigator are browsers
  • URL is located in the Address Box
  • Hypertext and hypermedia contain links to other documents
  • Connect through ISP or LAN or Dial-up
  • Search Engines are the tools to find information; use multiple search engines
  • Searches are based on Boolean operators
  • Copyright Protection exists for Web Pages
  • E-Commerce has benefits to both Buyer and Seller
  • Secure Transactions are possible over the WWW

Internet Explorer and the World Wide Web: Welcome to Cyberspace