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“ Waste Research in the FP7” Brussels, 22 February 2006 Michele Galatola EUROPEAN COMMISSION - DG Research Unit “Environmental Technologies and Pollution Prevention” Waste Recycling Technologies – Brussels, 22 February 2006 EU research: the story so far

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“Waste Research in the FP7”

Brussels, 22 February 2006

Michele Galatola


Unit “Environmental Technologies and Pollution Prevention”

Waste Recycling Technologies – Brussels, 22 February 2006

eu research the story so far
EU research: the story so far

1952: ECSC treaty; first projects started March 1955

1957: EURATOM treaty; Joint Research Centre set up

1983: ESPRIT programme

1984:First Framework Programme (1984-1987)

1987: ‘European Single Act’ – science becomes a Community responsibility; Second Framework Programme (1987-1991)

1990:Third Framework Programme (1990-1994)

1993: Treaty on European Union;

role of RTD in the enlarged EU

1994:Fourth Framework Programme (1994-1998)

1998:Fifth Framework Programme (1998-2002)

2000: European Research Area

2002:Sixth Framework Programme (2002-2006)

2005: Proposal for the Seventh Framework Programme (2007-2013)

lisbon strategy
Lisbon strategy

S&T contributes to the Lisbon objectives: economic growth, employment creation, environmental protection, social challenges: fight poverty, improve human health and quality of life(GSM, remote working, safe roads, etc.)

fps significant impacts on s t and the economy
FPs: significant impacts on S&T and the economy
  • Economic benefits
    • Reduced commercial risk
      • increased turnover and profitability
      • enhanced productivity and market share
  • Innovative performance
    • Enterprises participating in FP:
      • tend to be more innovative
      • more likely to patent
      • engage in innovative co-operation with other firmsand universities



(long-run, econometric models)


at European level

fp7 specific programmes
FP7 Specific Programmes

Cooperation – Collaborative research

Ideas – Frontier Research

People – Human Potential

Capacities – Research Capacity


JRC (non-nuclear)

JRC (nuclear)



Cooperation – Collaborative research

9 themes

  • Health
  • Food, Agriculture and Biotechnology
  • Information and Communication Technologies
  • Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production Technologies
  • Energy
  • Environment (including Climate Change)
  • Transport (including Aeronautics)
  • Socio-Economic Sciences and the Humanities
  • Security and Space

6. Environment (inc. climate change)

Climate change, pollution and risks

Sustainable Management of Resources

Environmental Technologies

Earth observation and assessment tools

fp7 what s new
FP7 - What’s new ?

Main new elements compared to FP6:

  • Annual budget increase (EUR 5 billion/y ►50 billion in 7 years ~ +40%)
  • “Basic” research (European Research Council)
  • Capacities Specific Programme - Regional Dimension, Research Infrastructures
  • Simplification of procedures
  • Logistical and administrative tasks transferred to external structures
the status of preparation of fp7
The status of preparation of FP7
  • Framework Programme adopted on April 6th 2005
  • Specific Programmes adopted on September 21st 2005
  • Political agreement on FP7 reached in November 2005 by the Council (PGA)
  • Rules of Participation adopted on 23rd December 2005
  • There is not yet a final agreement on the FP7 budget
the status of preparation of fp711
The status of preparation of FP7
  • Specific Programmes in discussion within the Council
  • First MS amendments do not introduce significant changes in the Environmental Technology Section
  • Preparation of the detailed annual work programmes is starting now
work programme preparation
Work Programme Preparation
  • Consultation process with the Advisory Groups (AG), Technology Platforms (TP), expert groups, association, etc.
  • 1st step: multi-annual work programme (internal document) by March 2006
  • 2nd step: 1st draft of 2007 detailed annual Work Programme with priorities for 2008 by April 2006
  • 3rd step: Open consultation
  • 4th step: Member States consultation and approval (2nd semester 2006)
waste in the previous fps
Waste in the previous FPs

Waste Research has been a key topic in FP4, while in the following two Framework Programmes this issue has been rather “internalised” in other research areas

the waste strategy com 2005 666 final 21 12 2005
The Waste StrategyCOM(2005) 666 final 21/12/2005
  • Modernise “waste” environmental thinking Life-cycle & “impacts” thinking Apply subsidiarity
  • Improve the regulatory environment Clarify and simplify
  • Put prevention policies into action
  • Reinforce the waste recycling market
some elements of the revision of wfd
Some elements of the revision of WFD
  • Incineration as recovery if Efficiency > 60% (65% after 2009)
  • Environmental objective
    •  Informs the hierarchy & guides policies
  • Definitions
    •  Clarifies waste, recovery, reuse, recycling
  • Standards
    •  Several contributions: EOW, recovery, permits, mixing
  • Prevention programmes
waste research workshops
Waste Research Workshops
  • 1st Workshop (31st January), more oriented towards waste treatment and recycling technologies
  • 2nd Workshop (13th February), more oriented to materials recovery and waste prevention
waste research workshops17
Waste Research Workshops
  • Only invited experts
  • State of the art, knowledge/technology gaps
  • Expected developments in the medium term
  • Existing barriers (economic, social, and environmental)
topics by waste type
Topics (by waste type)
  • Municipal Solid Waste (unsorted/sorted)
  • Organic Waste
  • Hazardous Waste
  • Sewage Sludges
  • Combustion residues
  • Mineral products
waste processing
Waste Processing
  • Thermal treatments
  • Incineration
  • Gasification
  • Pyrolysis
  • Plasma
  • Biological treatments
  • Anaerobic digestion
  • Composting
  • MBT
  • On line
  • Monitoring
  • Other treatments
  • Immobilisation, Extraction, Separation
  • Dewatering, high temperature drying
outcomes 1
Outcomes (1)
  • A lot has been done in the past
  • > 3500 RTD projects
  • most waste types investigated
  • some success stories
outcomes 3



Impact Assessment

Outcomes (3)

European Platform on

Life Cycle Assessment

Life Cycle data

  • Local effects
  • Global effects
  • Health & Safety

The European Platform on Life Cycle Assessment

Project of the European Commission

Coordination: DG JRC, IES in close collaboration with DG Env. + Others

Duration: Initial 3 years plan

Key purpose: Improve credibility and acceptance of LCA

Key customers: European Business - EC services - MS, CC, AC

Key deliverables: LCI and LCIA data, methods and guidance; information hub.

deliverables of platform
Deliverables of Platform
  • European Reference Life Cycle Data System (ELCD)
      • Core Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) data - key materials, energy carriers, transport, waste treatment services.
      • Focus: quality, consistency, applicability.
      • Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA) factors for estimating potential impacts - resource consumption, pressures on the environment & human health.
      • Focus: on scientific robustness, relevance and practicality.
  • Handbook of Technical Guidance Documents for LCA
      • On best attainable consensus LCI and LCIA practice - data collection, modelling, analysis, documentation and review, ...
  • LCA information hub: Internet site - reference database, Handbook, directory of LCA services, tools, databases, and providers, ongoing EU projects, ...

The European Platform on Life Cycle Assessment


Marc-Andree Wolf


21027 Ispra (VA) - Italy

Tel: +39 0332 786553

Fax: +39 0332 785601



outcomes 4

External and life cycle costs

Acceptability (NIMBY, etc)

Life cycle Social Impacts

Outcomes (4)

Social effects

outcomes 5

Chain integration (Industrial Ecology)

Parallel Integration

Flexibility in the Waste Hierarchy

Outcomes (5)



Thank you!

Michele Galatola

DG RTD – I.2

Tel: +32 2 296 5759

Fax: +32 2 295 2097