PAN-AFRICAN PORT COOPERATION  CONFERENCE
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PAN-AFRICAN PORT COOPERATION CONFERENCE DJIBOUTI 15 th - 18 th Dec 2008 PMAESA PORTS: CHALLENGES & OPPORTUNITIES. Jerome Ntibarekerwa, Secretary General, PMAESA. Introduction. Who we are?.

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PAN-AFRICAN PORT COOPERATION CONFERENCE

DJIBOUTI 15th - 18th Dec 2008

PMAESA PORTS: CHALLENGES & OPPORTUNITIES

Jerome Ntibarekerwa,

Secretary General, PMAESA


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Introduction

Who we are?

Port Management Association of Eastern & Southern Africa (PMAESA) is a regional grouping of ports in the eastern and southern Africa with membership composed of state representatives and private sector from:

  • Port Authorities

  • Maritime transport departments

  • Port Operators

  • Maritime regulators


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PMAESA Member States


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Introduction

What we do

Established in 1973 under the auspices of the UNECA with the following objectives among others:

  • Offer platform to exchange ideas and information where members can interface with one another in transport and trade facilitation

  • Assist port development by enhancing productivity and service delivery and trade facilitation;

  • Establish linking from ports to transport Corridors;

  • To assist our ports /maritime members to implement IMO conventions

  • Establish and maintain relations with other development partners and transport authorities for the study of matters beneficial to members


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Ports are important

  • Ports in developing countries:

    • represent a key asset for economic development

    • serve landlocked countries – key components of regional trade corridors

    • play an important role as interface between sea and land transport systems

      • Inefficiencies impact trade competitiveness

  • Congestion at ports

    • an increasing problem

    • affects shipping schedules

      • contributes to further congestion

  • Constraints to capacity expansion:

    • Lack of scope to increase capacity

    • Weak inland transport links


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Factors driving growth

  • External Factors:

    • Strong GDP expansion

    • Integration of regional economies with Asian suppliers

    • Political stability

  • Internal factors:

    • Privatization of ports sector - increased investment

    • Improved shipping links with Asia

    • Increased ship size and transshipment

    • Terminal productivity increases

  • Above factors are increasing pressure on port capacity


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Global container port capacity has reached critical levels

North Europe

80.5% / 73.2%

Eastern Europe

92% / 73%

North America

92% / 86%

South Europe

82% / 78%

Far East

109% / 105%

Middle East

98% / 89%

Central America &

Carribean

82% / 73%

Subcontinent

87% / 57%

South East Asia

108% / 91%

Africa

79% / 71%

South America

111% / 102%

Oceania

105% / 93%

Global Total

99% / 89%

Source : World Bank , SSATP


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Port congestion regions

Courtesy of

Michel Donner,

World Bank

State of the Port Sector 2008


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Measures to address port efficiency and productivity

  • Acquiring more spaces for port activities

  • Purchase of new equipment

  • Using ICDs

  • Developing IT systems and free port activities

  • Restructuring the management model

  • Improving safety, security and environment protection to meet international standards


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OUR PORTS KEY CHALLENGES

  • Acquiring more spaces for port activities

  • Infrastructure development :Purchasing of new equipments

  • Using ICDs

  • Developing IT systems and free port activities

  • Restructuring the management model

  • Improving safety, security and environment protection to meet international standards


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Challenges with Growing Demand

Key ports in the Eastern and Southern Region:

  • Kenya Ports Authority

  • Tanzania Ports Authority

  • South Africa , Transet NPA

  • Djibouti port , DP World

  • Sudan port Cooperation

  • Mauritius Ports Authority

  • Seychelles Ports Authority


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Challenges with Kenya Ports Authority – KPA

  • The rapid increase of traffic is likely to continue

  • The container Dwell time is yet to be reduced

  • The hinterland rail connections remain inefficient

  • More dependence on road mode of transport with 3 axle road rule constraint for hauliers

  • Long documentation procedures

  • Inadequate capacity to handle the forecasted cargo volumes.


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Challenges with Kenya Ports Authority (Cont...)

  • The exploration of Oil in Lamu District

  • The Regional Integration expectations : EAC/COMESA Customs Union expected positive results

  • The Transport Sector Reforms : Concession of RVR, Rehabilitation of major roads links to other countries


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Challenges with Djibouti Ports

  • The throughput in TEU has grown by 31% in 2007 while the General Cargo grew by 44%;

  • The stripping operations by Freight Forwarders remain very slow;

  • The yard is occupied at 95%;

  • There is a high level of stacking ( up to 5 highs);

  • The number of full and empty containers is very high;

  • The port is facing many difficulties linked with Ethiopian bureaucracy as 85% of the total handled cargo is for Ethiopia ( Customs clearance taking more than 3 weeks, cargo financed by L/C).


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Challenges with Tanzania Ports Authority- TPA-

  • The insufficient container storage space

  • The long container dwell time (has reached 25 days in Aug.2008)

  • The rapid increase of container traffic and

  • The low performance of inland modes of transport especially the rail lines with very low availability of wagons and locomotives.


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Challenges with Tanzania Ports Authority(Cont.)

  • More investment to increase container terminals capacity and Inland Depot

  • Improve efficiency and productivity within the existing port infrastructure and equipment

  • Continue to involve private sector in port operations and concessioning which will improve port development


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Challenges with Mauritius Ports Authority

  • The current port charges are high: there is need to assess adequacy of current charges to sustain Investments

  • The low level of connectivity of major shipping lines

  • The 15% corporate tax imposed on free port companies to be dropped at zero rate ( expected on 1st July 2009)

  • Business environment yet to be friendly in regards with regulations, procedures …


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Challenges in South Africa (TRANSNET NPA)

Responding to the opportunities presented by :

  • Growth in global economic activity - increase inter/intra African trade

  • Link industrial and mining sector activity to markets

  • BRIC phenomena – Alternate logistic & hub – South S trade

  • Regional economic integration – Transport corridor development

  • Intermodal harmonisation to improve regional supply chain and reduce logistics costs

Focus on Time, Cost & Skills


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Challenges with Sea Port Corporation – Sudan

  • To cope with technological advances in maritime industries

  • To face the political and economical challenges internally and externally: Requirements of WTO,COMESA agenda

  • Exploration of Sudanese Oil,

  • To handle economic activities logistics after Peace Agreements in Sudan.


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Comparative Review with key PMAESA Ports

  • In terms of :

  • Cargo handling performance

  • Container handling performance

  • Transit traffic

  • Transshipment traffic

  • Port regulation model

  • Other safety and security arrangements


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Cargo handling performance (DWT “000”)

Note: Figures shown are in calendar year

Source: PMAESA


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Cargo handling

  • Ports in South Africa handle more cargo than other in the region

  • They are followed by Mombasa, DSM, Mauritius and Djibouti.



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Container Handling

  • Durban and Cape Town are the biggest container handling ports

  • Mombasa is the 3rd while

  • DSM is the sixth position


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Transshipment

  • Mombasa and DSM competing for the business with Kenya holding a leading share up to 2003

  • Trend reversed following to logistical problems associated to over-utilization capacity.

  • Still the 2 ports remain behind regional Hubs of Durban, Port Louis and lately Djibouti


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Transshipment Traffic (TEUs)

Source: PMAESA

Note: Figures shown are in calendar year


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Current Port regulation

  • Most PMAESA ports under the auspices of the ministry of transport (Djibouti, Sudan)

  • Regulatory body with TPA,SUMATRA

  • Regulatory Body in Kenya has to be set up

  • South Africa Independent port regulator can be seen as a model.

  • Further institutional reforms are required in many ports


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Safety and Security Arrangements

  • All PMAESA ports surveyed have achieved ISPS code approval

  • Closed Circuit Television( CCTV)

  • Container Scanning

  • Automated Port Access

    Are also reported


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Thank you for your attention

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