Business Logistics 420 Urban Transportation Fall 2000 Lectures 3 & 4 : The Historical Context for Public Transportation and US Urban Structure Lecture Objectives To understand the relationship between the development of transit technology, the transit enterprise, and U.S. urban development
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Lectures 3 & 4 : The Historical Context for Public Transportation and US Urban Structure
1. Trace the evolution of transit technology from the 1830s to the present. What were the major driving forces for the development of each technology.
2. What were some of the barriers to the introduction and commercial success of each technology?
3. Trace the relationship between the technology used to provide transit and the form of ownership/organization of the transit enterprises operating transit services.
4.What were three or four causes of the decline of transit usage in the U.S. that began in the 1920s?
1. Had the automobile been commercialized 30 years sooner, before the electric trolley, our cities would have been developed in a totally different form more like our “modern” western and sun belt cities. Do you agree or disagree?
2. Substitution of the auto for public transit was due in large part to a conspiracy by the oil, tire, and auto manufacturers. Agree or disagree? Explain.
3. Do you agree with the theme of the video that “trolleys were the cars that built our cities;” without trolleys our cities would not have developed and our country would not have prospered?
4. The “Divided Highways” video seems to imply that our auto dominated urban areas grew because of intentional, but misguided public policy that encouraged suburbanization and replacement of transit with autos. Can this assertion be defended? What do you think?