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Agricultural Education 280. Session 8: Events and Leaders in Career-Technical Education. Relevance. 7. How is the history of career-technical education relevant to agricultural educators, agricultural educators, and agribusiness trainers ?. Learner Objectives.

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agricultural education 280

Agricultural Education 280

Session 8:

Events and Leaders in

Career-Technical Education


7. How is the history of career-technical education relevant to agricultural educators, agricultural educators, and agribusiness trainers?

learner objectives
Learner Objectives
  • Identify the major events that influenced the development of Career-Technical Education;
  • Discuss the leaders who influenced the development of Career-Technical Education; and,
  • Discuss how is the history of Career-Technical Education is relevant to extension educators, agricultural educators, and agribusiness trainers.
find someone act

1. Get a Find Someone worksheet

2. Circulate around the classroom and locate as many people as you can

3. Instructor will then review the highlights of the session’s topic

Find Someone ACT
1 how did career technical vocational education begin in america
1. How did career-technical (vocational) education begin in America?
  • Apprenticeships
  • Manual Training
  • Private Schools
    • Agriculture
    • Mechanics
    • Science
2 why was career technical education created
2. Why was career-technical education created?
  • Organized labor & educators
    • American Federation of Labor
    • National Association of Manufacturers
    • National Society for the Promotion of Industrial Ed
  • 1890s economic conditions
    • Depression
    • German Threat
  • Job opportunities for the underprivileged
    • African Americans
    • Women
    • Farmers and mechanics
3 what were the major events that influenced the development of career technical education
3. What were the major events that influenced the development of Career-Technical Education?
  • 1st public junior college in Joliet, IL (1901)
  • Commission on Industrial & Technical Education; National Society for the Promotion of Industrial Education (NSPIE) (1906)
  • Douglass Commission (Mass.) (1906)
more events
More events…
  • Roosevelt urged major school reform
    • Industrial education in urban schools
    • Agricultural education in rural schools
  • Dolliver-Davis Bill (1910)
  • Page-Wilson Bill (1912)
  • Commission on National Aid to Voc Ed
  • Europeans ahead of US in war-preparedness
  • Smith-Hughes Act (1914)
what was the voc ed act
What was the Voc. Ed. Act?
  • 1963
  • Federal funds to maintain, extend and improve existing programs
  • Part-time employment for youth in school
  • Expanded offerings
  • Started junior colleges and joint vocational schools
4. Who are the influential leaders of Career-Technical Education and what contributions have they made?
what was the 1 st technical institute
What was the 1st technical institute?
  • The Lyceum in Gardiner, Maine
    • 2 year course
      • farmers
      • Mechanics
  • 2nd – Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
who was catherine beecher
Who was Catherine Beecher?
  • Organized the scientific study of home economics
  • Co-founded the Hartford Female Seminary (1823)
    • “Trained women to be mothers and teachers”
who was calvin woodward
Who was Calvin Woodward?
  • Father of Manual Training
  • Influence by Russian method
  • St. Louis Manual Training School
who was jane addams
Who was Jane Addams?
  • Founded the Hull-House (1889)
  • Started social work
  • Community-focused approach to solving social problems by fostering the spirit of “neighbors helping neighbors”
who was booker t washington
Who was Booker T. Washington?
  • Educator and reformer
  • Advocated self-help, racial solidarity and accommodation
  • Urged Blacks to accept discrimination and concentrate on elevating themselves through hard work and material prosperity
  • Believed in education in the crafts, industrial and farming skills
who was w e b dubois
Who was W. E. B. DuBois?
  • Argued that Washington’s strategy would perpetuate white oppression
  • Advocated political action and civil rights
  • The debate polarized African Americans
    • Conservative vs. Radical
who was john dewey
Who was John Dewey?
  • What did John Dewey say about vocational education?
    • Avoid the limitation of vocation to the occupations where immediate tangible commodities are produced
    • Do not specialize training
    • Training through occupations
who was charles prosser
Who was Charles Prosser?
  • Drafted the original language of Smith-Hughes Act
  • Social efficiency; industrial model
  • Snedden was a colleague
who were dolliver page
Who were Dolliver & Page?
  • Introduced bills preceding the Smith-Hughes Act
who was hoke smith dudley hughes
Who was Hoke Smith & Dudley Hughes?
  • Smith-Hughes Act (1917)
  • Vocational Education
    • Agriculture
    • Industrial Education
    • Home Economics
  • Separated students
  • Separated curriculum
who was carl perkins
Who was Carl Perkins?
  • Legislator
  • The father of virtually every postwar federal education program
    • Civil rights
    • Social welfare
    • Vocational education
what happened in the 1970s
What happened in the 1970s?
  • Career education movement split industrial education between
    • general educators
    • vocational educators
5 how has career technical education changed its focus since a nation at risk 1983
5. How has Career-Technical Education changed its focus since “A Nation at Risk” (1983)?
  • Carl Perkins Voc Ed Act (1984)
    • Improve work skills
    • Prepare adults for jobs
    • Equal opportunity for adults
    • Program improvement
    • At-risk populations
what was the focus of the carl perkins act in 1990
What was the focus of the Carl Perkins Act in 1990?
  • Academic & vocational skills
  • Global technological society
  • All segments of population
  • Integration of academics & vocational
  • Articulation with post-secondary
  • Closer linkages between school and work
what was scans
What was SCANS?
  • USDL Secretary’s Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills Report
    • Basics that included math, reading, teamwork, problem-solving, and technology
    • “Soft skills”
    • Tech Prep
what is workforce education
What is Workforce Education?
  • Focus on “smarter, not harder” skills
    • Soft skills, core skills, nontechnical skills, essential skills, generic skills, new basics
    • Work in teams with
      • Greater autonomy
      • Greater accountability
  • Knowing how to learn, read, write, and compute, listen, communicate, lead, solve problems, take initiative, relate with others, work in teams, use technology
what is tech prep
What is Tech Prep?
  • Secondary + postsecondary (2+2)
  • Career education plan in grade 9
  • Attract non-college prep & non-vocational
  • Advanced skills for technical occupations
what is school to work
What is School-To-Work?
  • School-To-Work Opportunities Act (1994)
    • National skills shortage through partnerships between educators and employers
    • Variety of program designs, serve many types of students, intensive work-based learning, can start in 9-10th grades
what is welfare to work
What is Welfare-To-Work?
  • Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (1996)
    • Work first, rather than basic and job skills
    • Successful characteristics:
      • Comprehensive, individualized services
      • Consistent focus on employment
      • Close relationships with employers
      • Rapid skill development through time-intensive training
      • High expectations for participation
      • Collaboration with stakeholders
what is career pathways
What is Career Pathways?
  • Broadly focused career majors, or clusters, or pathways
  • Integration of academic and vocational content to prepare students for the workplace
  • Career decision making and workplace preparation
what is human resource development
What is Human Resource Development?
  • Improving work performance at the individual, group, organizational, and interorganizational level
  • Themes: work force diversity, cross-cultural issues, the learning organization, technology in work and learning, increasing numbers of older workers, informal learning, and spirituality in the workplace
  • American Society for Training & Development
what happened in 1994
What happened in 1994?
  • Three names:
    • 3rd Morrill Act OR Improving America's School Act of 1994 OR Equity in Educational Land-Grant Status Act of 1994
  • Land-grant status conferred on 29 Native American colleges
    • A provision of the Elementary and Secondary Education Reauthorization Act.
  • Income based on the Indian student count
    • (as defined in section 390(3) of the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act
7. How is the history of career-technical education relevant to extension educators, agricultural educators, and agribusiness trainers?
aims purposes of agricultural education

Aims & Purposes of “agricultural education”

Session #9:

October 18, 2001

Groups 6 & 12