Motorcycle Safety 303RD MI BATTALION
MOTORCYCLE GUIDELINES • AR 385-10, Prevention of Army Motor Vehicle Accidents • The wearing of headphones, earphones, or other similar devices while driving POVs (two or more wheels) on Army installation roads and streets is prohibited. • Each driver of a military or privately owned motorcycle or moped who is authorized to operate on an Army installation must be currently licensed by civil authorities and will be required to complete an *Army-approved motorcycle safety course that includes classroom training, hands-on training and a written evaluation Note: *Motorcycle Safety Foundation Endorsed
MOTORCYCLE SAFETY GEAR • IAW AR 385-10, FH Supplement 1 to AR 385-10, FHR 190-5, and the 504th MI BDE Command Policy letter SA-06-01 • Protective Helmet properly fastened that meets DOT standards (passengers as well). • Impact-resistant goggles or full-face shield (not fairings). • Highly visible commercially produced shirt, vest or jacket with at least a 12X12 inch area visible from the front and rear that is reflective at night. Outer upper garment will not be covered. • Long sleeve shirts or jackets . • Full-Fingered gloves . • Long trousers and leather boots or over the ankle shoes. • Headlights on at all times, rearview mirror on each side. REQUIRED AT ALL TIMES ON OR OFF POST
303rd MI BN REQUIREMENTS • All Soldiers will receive a counseling packet that contains the following: • A signed copy of BDE policy letter • A copy of counseling statement signed the Soldier quarterly • A copy of license, MSF card, and proof of insurance • Monthly Motorcycle Safety Inspection sheet • All packets will be kept on file by SSG Grendziak A Safety Briefing and a Motorcycle safety inspection will be required Monthly
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE GEAR(PPE) All Military personnel must wear PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) while on and off duty as well as on or off Post.
Additional Authorization (Per AR 670-1) 1–17. Wear of personal protective or reflective clothing a. Protective headgear. Soldiers are authorized to wear commercially designed, protective headgear with the uniform when operating motorcycles, bicycles, or other like vehicles, and are required to do so when installation regulations mandate such wear. Personnel will remove protective headgear and don authorized Army headgear upon dismounting from the vehicle. b. Protective/reflective clothing. Soldiers may wear protective/reflective outer garments with uniforms when safety considerations make it appropriate and when authorized by the commander.
HELMETS • Helmeted riders have up to a 73% lower fatality rate than non-helmeted riders. • Helmeted riders have up to an 85% reduced incidence of severe, serious, and critical injuries than non-helmeted riders. • Motorcycle helmets are 67% effective in preventing brain injuries. • Non-helmeted motorcyclists are over three times as likely to suffer a brain injury as were those who were helmeted.
Clothing designed for riding and conspicuity provides the best level of protection for the rider. Jacket has retro-reflective piping and pants are made of retro-reflective material.
Jacket designed for riding provides protection: • Spine • Shoulders • Elbows
SHOULDER ELBOW SPINE
Retro-reflective Piping Retro-reflective Piping And Retro-reflective Mesh Below Pockets
Injury Prevention Components • Clothing • Eye and Face Protection • Footwear • Gloves • Helmets • Reflective Vest or slash • Light colored clothing at night
MOTORCYCLES ARE EVERYWHERE AROUND US • Motorcyclists are much harder to see than automobiles. • Motorcycles must obey all rules of the road. • Always be alert to your surroundings. • Expect the unexpected.
HOW SAFE IS MOTORCYCLING? • Motorcycle fatalities represent 5% of all highway fatalities each year. • Just 2% of all registered vehicles in the United States are motorcycles. • The main reason for motorcycle fatalities is the motorcycle itself does not provide no protection in the crash. • 80% of motorcycles reported result in injury or death compared to 20% for automobiles.
THE 2 SECOND RULE • The ‘2 Second Rule’ means that in staggered formation there is a ONE second spacing between each bike, thus a TWO second spacing between bikes in the same track. • The ‘2 Second Rule’ should constitute your fundamental safety margin while riding in a group if you use it as a minimum spacing distance. Note: This does not mean it is impossible to hit the guy ahead of you if he loses control of his bike.
STOPPING DISTANCE FACTORS • Other Bikers and Automobiles • Terrain and Obstacles • Wet Road Conditions • Gravity-Incline vs. Decline • Lane of Travel with other Bikes and Autos
OTHER DRIVERS • When following a motorcycle double the 2’ Second Rule. • Motor vehicles and Motorcycles all share the same road. • Size Difference. • Different Vulnerabilities. • Double check mirrors and blind spots. • Some cyclists weave in and out of traffic • Danger may come at you from unexpected directions • Take care when turning right at intersections. Riders often move forward next to the motor vehicle when turning right.
MOTORCYCLE SAFETY Always be careful of sand, dirt, loose gravel or poor road conditions, especially when going around corners. One simple rule is as follows: • When turning corners remember to: • Slow down • Look through the corner • Lean into the turn • Roll on the throttle Always Ride Defensively
THE MOTORCYCLE OPERATOR ALWAYS DRIVE DEFENSIVELY • SEARCH • SCAN and IDENTIFY • PREDICT • The Unexpected • ACT • DECIDE AND EXECUTE REMEMBER - OTHER VEHICLES ARE BIGGER THAN YOU. THEY WILL ALWAYS PREVAIL IN AN ACCIDENT
CAUSES THAT RESULT IN ACCIDENTS • Attitude • Upset/Angry/Frustrated • Speed • 34% Of All Motorcycle Crashes Were Fatal • Fatigue • Long Day/Night Working • Alcohol • 27% Of Motorcycle Crashes • Inexperience/Age • 30 Y And Under 32% Of Crashes • Road Conditions • Rough Road/Uneven • Weather Conditions • Rain/Flooding/Windy
ATTACKING THE PROBLEM Operators Must: • Identify hazards and assess the risk, such as experience, weather and traffic conditions. • Complete the required training. • Wear required safety equipment. Leaders Must: • Identify untrained motorcyclists arriving in Your unit and enforce the standards.
FACTS • Traffic crashes are a leading cause of death and disability in the United States. • Motorcycle crashes claim the lives of over 2,100 riders each year. • Per mile traveled, motorcyclists are 16 times more likely than a passenger car occupants to die in a traffic accident and about 4 times as likely to be injured.
MORE FACTS • More than 80% of all reported motorcycle crashes result in injury or death to the motorcyclists. • Head injury is a leading cause of death and serious injury in motorcycle accidents, which is why helmets that meet or exceed federal safety standards should always be worn. • Research studies show that motorcycle helmets are 29% effective in preventing fatal injuries and 67% effective in preventing serious brain injury.
MOTORCYCLE SAFETY THE BOTTOM LINE • NO ALCOHOL • DO NOT SPEED • RIDE DEFENSIVELY • USE EXTREME CARE • ASSUME THE OTHER GUY DOESN’T SEE YOU • RIDE WITHIN YOUR LIMITS • USE COMMON SENSE AND THINK AHEAD
FINALLY DON’T BE A STATISTIC