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Microsoft ® Small Basic. The Math Object. Estimated time to complete this lesson: 1 hour. The Math Object. In this lesson, you will learn how to:. Use different operations of the Math object. Use different properties of the Math object. The Math Object.

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Microsoft® Small Basic

The Math Object

Estimated time to complete this lesson: 1 hour

In this lesson, you will learn how to:

• Use different operations of the Math object.

• Use different properties of the Math object.

The Math object offers many mathematical functions that you can use in your programs.

• This object includes the following operations and properties:

Do complex mathematical calculations boggle your mind at times? Don’t worry!

• Abs

• ArcSin

• Floor

• GetDegrees

• Log

• Min

• Cos

• GetRandomNumber

• Sin

• SquareRoot

• Remainder

• Pi

Let’s learn about some operations of the Math object by writing a simple program.

• In this example, you get the sine and the cosine of an angle that you specify by using the Sin and Cos operations of the Math object. You can also get the anglein radians from the sine value by using the ArcSin operation. Next, you can convert the angle from radians to degrees with the GetDegrees operation.

• The value of pi is an important aspect of some mathematical calculations. You can retrieve the value of pi in your calculations by using the Pi property of the Math object.

Let’s use this property to calculate the area of the circle.

output

• In this example, you retrieve the value of pi by using the Pi property of the Math object. Then you use that value in the formula to get the area of the circle.

• Abs is another useful operation that the Math object provides. Let’s check it out.

• By using the Abs operation, you can get the absolute value of the given number. For example, if you subtract a number from a smaller number, the result will be a negative numeral.

• In this example, you subtract two numbers. Even if the first number is smaller than the second, the Abs operation returns a positive number.

• While you create your Small Basic program, how can you get the integer value of a decimal number? The Floor operation was created to give an integer value that is smaller than or equal to a decimal number that you specify.

Let’s see how you can use this operation in a program to calculate a student’s average grade.

• In this example, you enter the grades that a student earned in six subjects. Then, you use the Floor operation to get the student’s average as an integer value.

• Wen you perform complex calculations, you often need the logarithmic value (base 10) of a particular number.

In this example, you use the Log operation to get the log value of 22.3.

The Math object in Small Basic offers the Log operation to get the log value of the specified number.

• Now, let’s discuss the GetRandomNumber operation of the Math object.

• You can use this operation to get a random number between 1 and the maximum number that you specify.

Let’s use this operation in a program.

• In this program, you draw the ‘*’ shape on the graphics window in different sizes and at different locations. You first set the height, width, and background color of the graphics window. Then you use set the font size by using the GetRandomNumber operation. The font size will be between 1 and 30 because you have specified 30 as the parameter for the GetRandomNumber operation.

• You also use this operation to randomly set the asterisks’ x-coordinates and y-coordinates.

• The Math object also provides the Min operation, which you can use to compare two numbers and identify the smaller number of the two.

Let’s apply this operation in a program.

• In this example, you request two numbers from the user, use the Min operation to compare them, and display the smaller number in the text window. You also ensure that, if the user specifies the same number twice, the statement “Both numbers are the same” appears.

• By using the SquareRoot operation of the Math object, you can get the square root of a number that you specify.

• In this example, you specify a number and use the SquareRoot operation to get its square root.

• You can get the remainder in a division problem by using the Remainder operation of the Math object.

In this program, you want to verify whether a specified number is even or odd.

You use the If condition to verify whether the number is even (that is, whether the remainder is 0 when you divide the number by 2). If the remainder is 1, the number is odd. To check the remainder, you use the Remainder operation of the Math object.

Congratulations! Now you know how to:

• Use different properties of the Math object.

• Use different operations of the Math object.

• Write a program to draw circles of different sizes in the graphics window. Set the size of the circle by using its area, and randomize the x-coordinates and y-coordinates of the circle.

• By using the GetRandomNumber operation, write a program to move and rotate a rectangle in a random manner.