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Organizing Internet Resources. OCLC’s Internet Cataloging Project. -- funded by the Department of Education -- from October 1, 1994 to March 31, 1996. -- Participating libraries will identify, select, and catalog Internet accessible electronic information objects. .

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oclc s internet cataloging project

OCLC’s Internet Cataloging Project

--funded by the Department of Education

-- from October 1, 1994 to March 31, 1996.

-- Participating libraries will identify, select, and catalog Internet accessible electronic information objects.

oclc s internet cataloging project3

OCLC’s Internet Cataloging Project

This project was designed to:

1. facilitate the rapid creation of a database of USMARC format bibliographic records for remotely accessible electronic files through a coordinated, cooperative nationwide effort involving OCLC, college and university libraries, and repositories of electronic information.


oclc s internet cataloging project4

OCLC’s Internet Cataloging Project

This project was designed to:

2. provide widespread access to this catalog of items via the OCLC Online Union Catalog, the OCLC FirstSearch system, and a specially created database with access to all Internet users.

3. complete the links between coded location and access data in the bibliographic records (USMARC field 856) and the objects themselves by facilitating automated file transfer to the user or other access methods.


oclc s internet cataloging project5

OCLC’s Internet Cataloging Project


1. There is a great deal of valuable information available through the Internet.

2. These resources need to be organized for accessibility.

3. Using existing library techniques and procedures and creating records for retrieval through existing online catalogs.

oclc s internet cataloging project6

OCLC’s Internet Cataloging Project


1. Build a national database of MARC records for selected Internet resources.

2. Provide access to this catalog via OCLC, FirstSearch, and the Internet itself.

3. Create a link between the 856 (location & access) field and the resources themselves.

oclc s internet cataloging project7

OCLC’s Internet Cataloging Project

Useful URLs:

1. NetFirst:

2. Olson, Nancy (Ed.). (1997). “Cataloging Internet Resources: A Manual and Practical Guide.” 2nd ed.

3. PURL:

4. OCLC:


oclc s internet cataloging project8

OCLC’s Internet Cataloging Project

Cataloging Standards:

1. MARC format


3. All records need to include 856 field "Electronic Location and Access" field.

issues related to cataloging internet resources

Issues Related to Cataloging Internet Resources

1. Ownership vs. access

2. The role of AACR2 in networked environment

3. Interface issues

4. Collection development for Internet resources

5. Workflow

6. Shift of responsibilities

7. Policy or criteria for selecting Internet resources

8. Training, etc.

intercat purl org net intercat

InterCat (

InterCat is an experimental, proof-of-concept database initiated during the 1994-1996 U.S. Department of Education-funded project, “Building a Catalog of Internet Resources.”

January 2000 92,000 records

1997 14,813 records

1996 5,928 records

1995 2,550 records

marc systems

MARC Systems

Primary purpose: automate bibliographic record processing

Standard: MARC - AACR2

MARC Record Processing System

input: MARC editor with embedded AACR2

MARC database management software for file creation and indexing

Z39.50 retrieval for OPAC display

MARC only works for library environment

markup systems tei and sgml

Markup Systems TEI and SGML

Purpose: act as title page for electronic documents

Standard: AACR2

SGML software for processing

editing software for inputting

Generalized file management system

SGML publishing software for output and converters for Web display

markup systems dublin core html xml

Markup Systems Dublin Core & HTML, XML

Purpose: Resource Description on Web

Standard: Dublin Core

HTML, XML tag sets

Generic Web Tools for Processing

Web browser input forms

Web servers and indexers for file management

Web browser for retrieval and display

XML is for Web environment.

metadata and the internet

Metadata and the Internet

March 1995. OCLC sponsored a Metadata workshop

Goal: develop an agreed upon set of elements that could be used to describe virtually any type of electronic document. This set of descriptive elements would complement other methods of describing Internet resources (cataloging records, automatic indexing), not to replace them. These descriptive elements are referred to as metadata (data about data).

metadata and the internet15

Metadata and the Internet

Metadata will act as a surrogate for the document itself, much in the same way a cataloging card acts as a representation of the book.

Elements for the core descriptive set were chosen that can be expanded and extended to cover a variety of different Internet resources.

metadata and the internet16

Metadata and the Internet

Fifteen core descriptive elements were chosen. These core elements were referred to as the Dublin Core:

1. Title

2. Author/Creator

3. Subject/Keywords

4. Description

5. Publisher

6. Other contributor

metadata and the internet17

Metadata and the Internet

7. Date

8. Resource Type

9. Format

10. Resource Identifier

11. Source

12. Language

13. Relation

14. Coverage

15. Rights Management

metadata and the internet18

Metadata and the Internet

Metadata workshops and related events have taken place all over the world each year.

Problems with Metadata

metadata and the internet19

Metadata and the Internet

Additional information on Dublin Core:

Dublin Core Homepage

Matadate Editors:

Dublin Core Metadata Template

metadata and the internet20

Metadata and the Internet

Additional information on Dublin Core:

Matadate Editors: NewsAgent Dublin Core Generator

Automated Classification

Project Scorpion

metadata and the internet21

Metadata and the Internet

Web Page Builder

Iowa State University

What will be retrieved is a list of Web resources displayed in a homepage format.

persistent urls purls purl http purl oclc org

Persistent URLs (PURLs) PURL:

PURLs provide URL redirection

PURLs are URLs in form and function

Based on widely developed Internet standards:





resources for cataloging internet resources
Resources for Cataloging Internet Resources
  • AACR2
  • MARC
  • 2. Olson, Nancy (Ed.). (1997). “Cataloging Internet Resources: A Manual and Practical Guide.” 2nd ed.
  • 3. PURL:
resources for cataloging internet resources24
Resources for Cataloging Internet Resources


  • Guidelines for the Use of Field 856
  • Cataloging Electronic Resources:
  • OCLC-MARC Coding Guidelines
recent oclc project

Recent OCLC Project

CORC--Cooperative Online Resource Catalog

CORC is a research project exploring the

cooperative creation and sharing of metadata

by libraries.

recent oclc project26

Recent OCLC Project

CORC is designed to help both libraries and

OCLC to move more quickly in coping with the

huge amount of materials becoming available

on the World Wide Web.

recent oclc project27

Recent OCLC Project

CORC is a Web-based service being developed by OCLC in partnership with

several hundred volunteer libraries. The databases and tools that compose CORC are designed to assist libraries inproviding their users with well-guided access to Web resources.

recent oclc project28

Recent OCLC Project

CORC offers four searchable databases:

CORC Resource Record Database

CORC Authority Database

CORC Pathfinder Database

Dewey Decimal Classification Database

recent oclc project29

Recent OCLC Project

CORC's tools are based on cutting edge technologies developed by OCLC and support:

1. Rapid, automation-assisted creation of resource records (i.e. bibliographic records).

2. Automatic assignment of suggested Dewey Decimal classification numbers and subclassification numbers.

3. Automatic assignment of suggested keywords for retrieval.

recent oclc project30

Recent OCLC Project

4. Automated authority control.

5. Cooperative, automation-assisted maintenance of URL's in resource records.

6. Advanced tools for creating/editing digital pathfinders (HTML pages of narrative and links to resources).

recent oclc project31

Recent OCLC Project

With CORC, library staff can create, edit, import, and export:

1. Resource records (a record describing a resource - the same record can be presented in the user's choice of OCLC- MARC or Dublin Core), or,

2. Digital pathfinders (which may be built quickly through the reuse of resource records in the CORC Resource Record Database).

3. (Coming soon) authority records.

recent oclc project32

Recent OCLC Project

The differences among CORC, NetFirst and InterCat.

InterCat was a project to encourage and investigate cataloging Web resources in WorldCat. Because the legacy OCLC Cataloging service was used, all records had to be acceptable OCLC MARC. A database of WorldCat records that have OCLC MARC 856 fields (currently about 92,000 records) is still being maintained and is publicly available, but the project itself is not active.

recent oclc project33

Recent OCLC Project

NetFirst is a database of Web resources available via the OCLC FirstSearch and OCLC Cataloging services. OCLC staff create what are basically abstracting and indexing (A&I) records, although they do include LC subject headings andDDC class numbers.

recent oclc project34

Recent OCLC Project

CORC is a leading edge, Web-based service that helps libraries provide well-guided access to Web resources using new, automated tools and library cooperation.

recent oclc project35

Recent OCLC Project

CORC is a natural extension of the InterCat and NetFirst efforts and takes advantage of newer technology to create an optimized metadata creation service. OCLC seeded the CORC database with records from the InterCat and NetFirst projects and encourage all InterCat participants to become CORC users.