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Inverted Pyramid Style This material is the property of the AR Dept. of Ed. It may be used and reproduced for non-profit, educational purposes only after contacting the ADE Distance Learning Center. AG & ER All stories have shapes

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Inverted

Pyramid

Style

This material is the property of the AR Dept. of Ed. It may be used and reproduced for non-profit, educational purposes only after contacting the ADE Distance Learning Center. AG & ER

slide2

All stories

have shapes

The reporter’s job is to decide which shape is best for the story

slide3

Inverted pyramid style

Goes from most interesting information to least interesting information.

slide4

Chronological style

Tells the story from beginning to end, using fiction techniques.

slide5

Section style

Told in parts, such as different time frames, points or view, or as chapters in a narrative

slide6

Inverted pyramid style

is the most common way to write a news story.

slide7

The story is shaped this way:

  • Most important info in the lead
  • Next most important info in the second paragraph
  • Least most important info at the end
slide9

Here’s an example of an inverted pyramid news story:

A 16-year-old West High School sophomore is in critical condition today at River City Hospital after being treated for smoke inhalation at his home last night.

slide10

Joe Smith, son of Bob and Carol Smith of 116 Travis Lane, was overcome by smoke in the family garage about 8 p.m. after pouring carbon solvent into the carburetor intake of his car, according to a hospital spokesman.

He was discovered by his parents, who called an ambulance.

slide11

All of the information is not used in the lead of the story. If we were to label what is in the lead, it would look like this:

slide12

who

what

A 16-year-old West High School sophomore is in critical condition today at River City Hospital after being treated for smoke inhalationat his home last night.

where

why

when

slide13

Emphasizing the

“W’s and H”

A lead may begin with any of the who, what, when, where, why and how, depending where the reporter wants to place emphasis.

slide14

Emphasis on “who”

The Yorktown High School Football Booster Club is having its bookkeeping files investigated by the Yorktown School District.

slide15

Emphasis on “what”

An investigation into the bookkeeping files of the Yorktown High School Football Booster Club has begun by the Yorktown School District.

slide16

Emphasis on “when”

Late yesterday afternoon, the Yorktown School District opened an investigation into the bookkeeping files of the Yorktown High School Football Booster Club.

slide17

Emphasis on “where”

Yorktown High School in Smith County is having its Football Booster Club bookkeeping files investigated by the school district.

slide18

Emphasis on “why”

Because of irregular spending practices, the Yorktown School District has opened an investigation into the bookkeeping files of the Yorktown High School Football Booster Club.

slide19

Emphasis on “how”

A full-scale audit and investigation for the past six months will be conducted on the bookkeeping files of the Yorktown High School Football Booster Club, the school district announced yesterday.

slide20

Another example of inverted pyramid style

Ben Davis, 85, of 345 Benson St., was killed in an automobile accident on Warner Road about 1:30 p.m. Sunday, according to the Arkansas State Police.

slide21

Davis, a Hot Springs farmer, was killed when his car left the road and struck a tree two miles east of town on Warner Road, police said.

slide22

Same story, written in chronological style

Today at 1:30 p.m., Ben Davis, who is a farmer at 345 Benson St., was driving home on Warner Road.

slide23

He was two miles east of town when his car went off the road and hit a tree.

Davis, 85, was killed instantly, according to a hospital spokesman. He was pronounced dead on arrival at the hospital.

slide24

Why is inverted pyramid style used?

It allows the reader to read only the lead and know most of the important information.

slide25

It allows the editor to cut the least important information from the bottom of the story and not worry about leaving out anything of great importance.

slide26

How did inverted pyramid style begin?

During the Civil War, telegraph wires relaying news were sometimes cut by opposing sides. As a result, war correspondents began using the most important part of the story first.