slide1 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Sanjiv Kaura National Alliance for Fundamental Right to Education ( NAFRE ) PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Sanjiv Kaura National Alliance for Fundamental Right to Education ( NAFRE )

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 20

Sanjiv Kaura National Alliance for Fundamental Right to Education ( NAFRE ) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 245 Views
  • Uploaded on

UNIVERSALIZATION of ELEMENTARY EDUCATION [ UEE ]: Grassroots perspectives and the Indian polity. Sanjiv Kaura National Alliance for Fundamental Right to Education ( NAFRE ). AMARTYA SEN’S PHILOSOPHICAL ANECDOTE.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Sanjiv Kaura National Alliance for Fundamental Right to Education ( NAFRE )' - Rita


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

UNIVERSALIZATION of ELEMENTARY EDUCATION [UEE]:

Grassroots perspectives and the Indian polity

Sanjiv Kaura

National Alliance for Fundamental Right to Education (NAFRE)

slide2

AMARTYA SEN’S PHILOSOPHICAL ANECDOTE

“ My student once told me as to why I haven’t changed the content of my thoughts since 1950s.

“ My reply was –

Because surrounding environment hasn’t changed;

I will probably die saying the same things.”

slide3

INDIAN PM AGREES !

“ Primary education needs a far stronger political will.

It is sad that this important area of nation building

does not attract the best and the brightest administrators.”

- Atal B Vajpayee,

22nd Oct., 1998,

riders applied to this presentation
RIDERS APPLIED TO THIS PRESENTATION
  • All statistics are government sourced
  • All solutions also sourced from

government documents or

government appointed Commissions

two faces of india
TWO FACES OF INDIA

1/8th = The INDIA known for IT, doctors ,

engineers and Amartya Sen

7/8th = Ground reality INDIA called ‘Bharat’

ground reality that includes
Ground reality that includes -
  • 400 million = below poverty line of 20c /day
  • 400 million (+/-) = No. of illiterates
  • 80 million (+/-) = No. of children out of school
  • 150 million = No. of children in school
  • Irrelevance of “literacy %” currently at 67%

-

journey of right to education bill
JOURNEY OF RIGHT TO EDUCATION BILL

1947 : Constitution drafters overrule demand

1993 : Supreme Court declares education a

fundamental right

1997 : Govt. tables a federal Bill.

Govt. falls, Bill withers away.

2001 : Govt. re-tables Bill, unanimously passed by

lower house.

2002 : Unanimously passed by upper house

2003 : Presidential assent expected

will the bill achieve uee
WILL THE BILL ACHIEVE UEE?

NO, because of :

(A) Little financial backing ($)

(B) No reference to equitable quality education

(C) Excludes age group 0-6 years

slide10

$$$$$

(A) HOW LITTLE IS ‘LITTLE’

slide11

Umesh Banakar:

Indira Gandhi

CAN INDIA AFFORD UEE ?

  • Non merit subsidies are 10 % of GDP per annum
  • Never a bombs vs books question
b inequity poor qlty bred by a
(B) INEQUITY, POOR QLTY. BRED BY (A)
  • Things for which you need money -

India needs 400,000 schools and 4m teachers more

33% of schools are single teacher schools

50% of schools are in fact merely ‘schools’

  • Most imp., inferior parallel options are being institutionalized by ALL political parties
  • 40% parents can’t afford to send ward to a ‘free’ government school (costs $ 6 a year)
  • Talk of linking education to larger socio-cultural issues seems utopia
slide13

(C) AGE GROUP 0-6 DENIED FUNDAMENTAL RIGHT

Yet, Bill grants fundamental right to 6-14 years only

opportunities presented by the bill
OPPORTUNITIES PRESENTED BY THE BILL
  • Irrevocable legal commitment of the government established
  • Great opportunity for children to demand education with basic quality and dignity
  • Could catalyze India to face its grossly inequitous underbelly in courts a la’ Brown case in US Supreme Court
solutions
SOLUTIONS
  • At the state level Himachal Pradesh and Kerala are experiments that can be replicated

( a strong assertive social will was present in both)

  • Common School System enshrined and passed by Parliament in every National Policy on Education since Independence viz. 1968,1986,1992
  • Funding by the State, management/control by the community
other policy developments
OTHER POLICY DEVELOPMENTS
  • Curriculum

No one talks of ‘integrating the world of work with world of knowledge’

- 1938 Zakir Hussain in Mahatma Gandhi’s Nai Taleem

  • Privatization

Touted as a panacea for all evils, not realizing that basic education in even the most privatized economies of the world is govt. respomsibility.

what influences polity
WHAT INFLUENCES POLITY?

Pre - 28th Nov, 2001

1998 : A Parliamentary Standing Committee (represented by all political parties) recommended against positive changes suggested by development sector

1998 to 28th Nov, 2001: Every political party expressed helplessness in supporting NAFRE

28th Nov, 2001 : 50,000 grassroots people rallied together in nation’s capital at their own expense from across India for edu. – a first in independent India

Result : All opposition parties reversed their stand on the Bill, negating their very own Parliamentary Committee,

in favor of NAFRE’s positive changes.

28 th nov 2001 debate inside parliament 50 000 people outside parliament
28th Nov, 2001Debate inside Parliament 50,000 people outside Parliament

6.00 PM : Opposition proposes an alternative Bill

against govt. (captures NAFRE’s points)

1/3rd MPs vote in its favor.

7.00 PM : Government puts its own Bill to vote

Unanimously passed by all incl. the 106

MPs + proposer of the alternative Bill!

(who was a Left party ideologue)

Message : A long struggle lies ahead

slide20

This hour glass is 1/3rd full,

NOT 2/3rd empty

The End