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Editing: Essence of Filmic Narration özge / advance interactive narrations / 6 nov 2006. Tom Gunning’s D.W. Griffith and the Origins of American Narrative Film. D. W. Griffith: master of the syntax of film narration. New elements Griffith introduces: The full shot The medium shot
Editing: Essence of Filmic Narration özge / advance interactive narrations / 6 nov 2006
Tom Gunning’s D.W. Griffith and the Origins of American Narrative Film
New elements Griffith introduces: • The full shot • The medium shot • The close-up • The pan shot • The moving camera • The spot-iris • The mask • The fade • +Soviet films on Montage
Discovery of paper prints. They are for copyrights.
development of narrative form in relation to film history • limitations of the study 1908-1909
From “cinema of attractions” to a narrative form magic ---------------------> dramatic expression Melies Griffith
comics (split screens) has more impact on film in comparison to theater. • impact of vaudeville Winsor McCay
Kubrick’s Shining Trailer Tagline: A Masterpiece Of Modern Horror The original trailer: • http://www.movie-list.net/classics/shining.mov A remake of it: • http://www.ps260.com/molly/SHINING%20FINAL.mov
Dimensions of Film Editing • Graphic Relations • Rhythmic • Spatial • Temporal
Dissolve • Fade out • Fade in • Wipe • Cut • Graphic Match
Fade out: gradually darkens the end of a shot to the black • What does fade out effect imply if it is fading to white? SFU • to black?
Wipe: shot B replaces shot A by means of a boundary line moving across the screen
Graphic Match: linking the shots by graphic similarities. • Smooth continuity • Abrupt contrast • Kubrick’s 2001 Space Odyssey • Caro’s Alien 4 Resurrection
Continuity Editing: Editing for invisible narration. [Continuity Editing contains a very narrow set of editing possibilities.]
Jump Cut: When two shots of two subject are cut together but are not sufficiently different in camera distance and angle, then there will be a noticeable jump on the screen. • Godard’s Breathless • Allen’s Deconstructing Harry
Terror, Iraq, Weapons http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KUaEtf1s23w
Continuity Editing Aim: Using editing for invisible narration 180 degree rule Avoiding Continuity Mistakes. (Costume, cigarettes, position of objects etc…) Cut with Movement Intellectual Montage Aim: Using editing as a tool for making meaning. Jump Cuts Non-diegetic inserts Collage like quality Rhythmic-Fast
Kuleshov Effect:Kuleshov edited a short film in which shots of the face of a man are alternated with various other shots (a plate of soup, a girl, a child's coffin).
Intellectual-Visible Montage • The montage experiments carried out by Kuleshov in the late 1910s and early 1920s formed the theoretical basis of Soviet montage cinema, • Sergei Eisenstein, • Vsevolod Pudovkin • Dziga Vertov, • Battleship Potemkin, October, Mother, The End of St Petersburg, and The Man with a Movie Camera.
Editing -Time • Parallel Editing: The shots of the sequences which are given parallel belong to the same slice of time. • Events actions happening in these different spaces are simultaneous. • Silence of the Lambs
Temporal Discontinuity • Flashback • Flashforward • Ellipsis: Psychological closure, difference between story-plot times
1. How long is the duration subtracted by ellipsis? 2. Whether that ellipsis is filled or not? 3. Is it obvious; does the director want us to notice it or not 4. If it is filled later, what is the function of it?