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Developing a Campaign Quality Army with Joint and Expeditionary Capabilities

Developing a Campaign Quality Army with Joint and Expeditionary Capabilities. 19 October 2004. LTG Mark Curran Director, Futures Center US Army Training and Doctrine Command. TRADOC: Where Tomorrow’s Victories Begin. The Strategic Context. We are a nation at war

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Developing a Campaign Quality Army with Joint and Expeditionary Capabilities

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  1. Developing a Campaign Quality Army with Joint and Expeditionary Capabilities 19 October 2004 LTG Mark CurranDirector, Futures CenterUS Army Training and Doctrine Command TRADOC:Where Tomorrow’s Victories Begin

  2. The Strategic Context • We are a nation at war • This is a prolonged period of conflict for the U.S. with great uncertainty about the nature and location of that conflict • We must be able to defuse crises and/or defeat aggression early to prevent escalation, limit damage • Thus, we need flexible, rapidly deployable forces and sufficient depth and strength to sustain multiple, simultaneous operations We have more than 350,000 SOLDIERS overseas in 120 countries Combatant Commanders need versatile, potent land power

  3. Global battlespace - No sanctuaries Power of media/transnational organizations Growth and alignment of non-state actors Access to data, information, knowledge Increasingly difficult AORs Proliferation of WMD / precision weapons Future Adversaries: Counter high-tech with low-tech methods Near-peer threats in selected niche areas Sophisticated asymmetric strategies Masters of own environments Endure long campaigns Difficult to predict Joint Operational Environment (JOE)

  4. Broad range of capabilities with multiple military options for any situation, across the spectrum of conflict Rapidly deployable, highly mobile land forces able to fight on arrival Joint networked forces (all echelons) and linked sensors, shooters, and commanders for enhanced lethality Self-sustained forces (limited periods) and a greatly reduced theater logistics footprint Future Force Critical Capabilities Develop a Campaign-Quality Army with Joint and Expeditionary Capabilities

  5. The Lens: Joint & Expeditionary Capabilities J O I N T • Current Force Capability • Gap Areas • Network Enabled Battle Command • Soldier Protection in Counter-Insurgency Environment • Protect the Force in Non-Contiguous Battlespace • Logistics for High OPTEMPO, Non-Contiguous Battlespace • Train the Force How and As it Fights • Responsive, Networked, Precision Fires • Ability to Conduct Joint Urban Operations • SOF and Conventional Forces Integration • Joint Interoperability J E C A R M Y Soldier The Centerpiece Joint and Expeditionary Capabilities The Lens

  6. Army-wide effort to bring Future Force concepts into the Current Force More cohesive and combat ready formations that are more agile and tailorable Establishes clear linkages to the future Future Combat Systems-equipped force Represents an intellectual approach to force design: Will drive a cultural shift in the Army Key to a Campaign Quality Army with Joint & Expeditionary Capabilities Relevant to the Combatant Commanders -- lethal, agile, and versatile Creating a Modular Army

  7. From Division to Brigade-Centric X X X X FCS Infantry Heavy Stryker Future Standard brigade combat teams (BCT) with organic combined arms capabilities X X X X X SUST Aviation Reconnaissance, Surveillance, Target Acquisition Fires Sustainment Maneuver Enhancement Brigades with standard headquarters, but variable subordinate units

  8. X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X SUST SUST X A Tailorable Force…. Tailored for a specific operation, composition completely variable Example: Offensive Operations Maneuver Enhancement Aviation Sustainment RSTA Fires 5 Brigades 5 BCTs Example: Stability Operations Aviation Sustainment RSTA Maneuver Enhancement 1 BCT 7 Brigades

  9. With Tailorable Command and Control XXX CORPS X BRIGADE Current Command & Control XXXX Army Unit of Employment Y Army & Joint Theater wide Support Unit of Employment X Migrating functions and capabilities to fewer levels Major operations; Warfighting XX DIVISION Brigade Combat Team Functional Array, not pure Hierarchy Battles & Engagements

  10. FCS-Equipped Future Force  Manned Systems  Unmanned Air Vehicles Command and Control Vehicle Infantry Carrier Vehicle Class I Class IV Class II Class III Networked to the Soldier • Unattended Munitions • NLOS LS • Intelligent Munitions System Mounted Combat System Recon and Surveillance Vehicle • Unattended Ground Sensors  Unmanned Ground Vehicles Non-Line of Sight Cannon Armed Robotic Vehicle ARV RSTA ARV Aslt Non-Line of Sight Mortar Small (Manpackable) UGV ARV-A (L) Medical Treatment and Evacuation FCS Recovery and Maintenance Vehicle MULE: (Countermine) MULE: (Transport)

  11. LandWarNet Non-Government Organizations Global Information Grid Services Government Agencies Civilian Agencies Host Nation Agencies Special Operation Forces Joint, Allied, Coalition Network Marine Expeditionary Force Unit of Action Mobile Command Group Unit of Employment Unit of Action Battalions Unit of Employment Area of Responsibility Joint Task Force Capable platforms II II Allied & Coalition Forces LandWarNet provides INTERNAL Infosphere connectivity and EXTERNAL Interoperability

  12. Army Perspective on Seabasing • Joint seabasing is an important initiative to advance joint force requirements for improved strategic responsiveness and operational agility within an anti-access environment. • The Army recognizes the potential for expanding and improving Army force projection and sustainment. • It is critical to pursue efforts from a holistic appreciation of the entire future joint force projection challenge throughout the course of an entire campaign, not just during early operations. • The costs and benefits of joint seabasing must be compared with the costs and benefits of other parallel developments, particularly SDHSS and HLVTOL, that also address joint force projection and sustainment requirements.

  13. Critical role of seabase for seizure of air and sea Points of Debarkation for rapid introduction of non-seabased forces: deployment momentum Base for deployment and sustainment of selected elements of the current/future force Vertical maneuver of light and medium mounted forces from the sea to LZs in proximity to objective areas Base for joint command and control, including JFLCC Enable Reception, Staging, Onward Movement, and Integration at sea . . . Accommodate integration of Army Regional Flotilla Provide effective, deep fires to engaged forces ashore Extend TAMD to engaged forces ashore Complementary capabilities of AFSB and TSV Army Operational Requirements for the Joint Seabase Critical to include consideration of SDHSS and HLVTOL in concept

  14. Centerpiece: The American Soldier • Ultimate warfighting platform • Proof that people are more important than hardware and quality more important than quantity • Willing and able to endure war’s hardships to accomplish the mission • Lives the “warrior ethos” reflecting the spirit of the American pioneers • Embodiment of the Army Culture

  15. Summary We Are: • Transforming an Army at war • Applying lessons learned from current operations • Nesting Army transformation within Joint transformation • Using a modular framework for integrating new capabilities into the force • Developing a joint, mobile, adaptive network • Ensuring the Soldier remains the centerpiece of Army transformation

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