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Developing a Campaign Quality Army with Joint and Expeditionary Capabilities. 19 October 2004. LTG Mark Curran Director, Futures Center US Army Training and Doctrine Command. TRADOC: Where Tomorrow’s Victories Begin. The Strategic Context. We are a nation at war

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Developing a Campaign Quality Army with Joint and Expeditionary Capabilities

19 October 2004

LTG Mark CurranDirector, Futures CenterUS Army Training and Doctrine Command

TRADOC:Where Tomorrow’s Victories Begin

the strategic context
The Strategic Context
  • We are a nation at war
  • This is a prolonged period of conflict for the U.S. with great uncertainty about the nature and location of that conflict
  • We must be able to defuse crises and/or defeat aggression early to prevent escalation, limit damage
  • Thus, we need flexible, rapidly deployable forces and sufficient depth and strength to sustain multiple, simultaneous operations

We have more than 350,000 SOLDIERS overseas in 120 countries

Combatant Commanders need versatile, potent land power

joint operational environment joe
Global battlespace - No sanctuaries

Power of media/transnational organizations

Growth and alignment of non-state actors

Access to data, information, knowledge

Increasingly difficult AORs

Proliferation of WMD / precision weapons

Future Adversaries:

Counter high-tech with low-tech methods

Near-peer threats in selected niche areas

Sophisticated asymmetric strategies

Masters of own environments

Endure long campaigns

Difficult to predict

Joint Operational Environment (JOE)
future force critical capabilities
Broad range of capabilities with multiple military options for any situation, across the spectrum of conflict

Rapidly deployable, highly mobile land forces able to fight on arrival

Joint networked forces (all echelons) and linked sensors, shooters, and commanders for enhanced lethality

Self-sustained forces (limited periods) and a greatly reduced theater logistics footprint

Future Force Critical Capabilities

Develop a Campaign-Quality Army with Joint and Expeditionary Capabilities

the lens joint expeditionary capabilities
The Lens: Joint & Expeditionary Capabilities

J

O

I

N

T

  • Current Force Capability
  • Gap Areas
  • Network Enabled Battle Command
  • Soldier Protection in Counter-Insurgency Environment
  • Protect the Force in Non-Contiguous Battlespace
  • Logistics for High OPTEMPO, Non-Contiguous Battlespace
  • Train the Force How and As it Fights
  • Responsive, Networked, Precision Fires
  • Ability to Conduct Joint Urban Operations
  • SOF and Conventional Forces Integration
  • Joint Interoperability

J

E

C

A

R

M

Y

Soldier

The Centerpiece

Joint and

Expeditionary Capabilities

The Lens

creating a modular army
Army-wide effort to bring Future Force concepts into the Current Force

More cohesive and combat ready formations that are more agile and tailorable

Establishes clear linkages to the future Future Combat Systems-equipped force

Represents an intellectual approach to force design:

Will drive a cultural shift in the Army

Key to a Campaign Quality Army with Joint & Expeditionary Capabilities

Relevant to the Combatant Commanders -- lethal, agile, and versatile

Creating a Modular Army
from division to brigade centric
From Division to Brigade-Centric

X

X

X

X

FCS

Infantry

Heavy

Stryker

Future

Standard brigade combat teams (BCT) with organic combined arms capabilities

X

X

X

X

X

SUST

Aviation

Reconnaissance,

Surveillance,

Target Acquisition

Fires

Sustainment

Maneuver

Enhancement

Brigades with standard headquarters, but variable subordinate units

slide8

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

SUST

SUST

X

A Tailorable Force….

Tailored for a specific operation, composition completely variable

Example: Offensive Operations

Maneuver

Enhancement

Aviation

Sustainment

RSTA

Fires

5 Brigades

5 BCTs

Example: Stability Operations

Aviation

Sustainment

RSTA

Maneuver

Enhancement

1 BCT

7 Brigades

with tailorable command and control
With Tailorable Command and Control

XXX

CORPS

X

BRIGADE

Current Command & Control

XXXX

Army

Unit of Employment Y

Army & Joint Theater wide Support

Unit of Employment X

Migrating functions and capabilities to fewer levels

Major operations;

Warfighting

XX

DIVISION

Brigade

Combat Team

Functional Array, not pure Hierarchy

Battles & Engagements

fcs equipped future force
FCS-Equipped Future Force

 Manned Systems

 Unmanned Air Vehicles

Command and

Control Vehicle

Infantry Carrier

Vehicle

Class I

Class IV

Class II

Class III

Networked to the Soldier

  • Unattended Munitions
    • NLOS LS
    • Intelligent Munitions System

Mounted

Combat System

Recon and

Surveillance Vehicle

  • Unattended Ground Sensors

 Unmanned Ground Vehicles

Non-Line

of Sight Cannon

Armed

Robotic Vehicle

ARV RSTA

ARV Aslt

Non-Line of Sight Mortar

Small (Manpackable)

UGV

ARV-A (L)

Medical Treatment

and Evacuation

FCS Recovery and

Maintenance Vehicle

MULE: (Countermine)

MULE: (Transport)

landwarnet
LandWarNet

Non-Government Organizations

Global Information Grid Services

Government Agencies

Civilian Agencies

Host Nation

Agencies

Special Operation Forces

Joint, Allied,

Coalition

Network

Marine Expeditionary Force

Unit of Action

Mobile Command Group

Unit of Employment

Unit of Action Battalions

Unit of Employment Area of Responsibility

Joint Task Force Capable

platforms

II

II

Allied & Coalition Forces

LandWarNet provides INTERNAL Infosphere connectivity and EXTERNAL Interoperability

army perspective on seabasing
Army Perspective on Seabasing
  • Joint seabasing is an important initiative to advance joint force requirements for improved strategic responsiveness and operational agility within an anti-access environment.
  • The Army recognizes the potential for expanding and improving Army force projection and sustainment.
  • It is critical to pursue efforts from a holistic appreciation of the entire future joint force projection challenge throughout the course of an entire campaign, not just during early operations.
  • The costs and benefits of joint seabasing must be compared with the costs and benefits of other parallel developments, particularly SDHSS and HLVTOL, that also address joint force projection and sustainment requirements.
army operational requirements for the joint seabase
Critical role of seabase for seizure of air and sea Points of Debarkation for rapid introduction of non-seabased forces: deployment momentum

Base for deployment and sustainment of selected elements of the current/future force

Vertical maneuver of light and medium mounted forces from the sea to LZs in proximity to objective areas

Base for joint command and control, including JFLCC

Enable Reception, Staging, Onward Movement, and Integration at sea . . . Accommodate integration of Army Regional Flotilla

Provide effective, deep fires to engaged forces ashore

Extend TAMD to engaged forces ashore

Complementary capabilities of AFSB and TSV

Army Operational Requirements for the Joint Seabase

Critical to include consideration of SDHSS and HLVTOL in concept

centerpiece the american soldier
Centerpiece: The American Soldier
  • Ultimate warfighting platform
  • Proof that people are more important than hardware and quality more important than quantity
  • Willing and able to endure war’s hardships to accomplish the mission
  • Lives the “warrior ethos” reflecting the spirit of the American pioneers
  • Embodiment of the Army Culture
summary
Summary

We Are:

  • Transforming an Army at war
  • Applying lessons learned from current operations
  • Nesting Army transformation within Joint transformation
  • Using a modular framework for integrating new capabilities into the force
  • Developing a joint, mobile, adaptive network
  • Ensuring the Soldier remains the centerpiece of Army transformation