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A Pre Evaluation of Feasibility Factors for Technical Change to Reduce Aflatoxin Contamination in Groundnut Based Livelihood Systems. REVIEW OF THE PROCESS. SO FAR - Farmers practices and underlying reasons understood Groundnut marketing systems and policy environment understood

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slide1

A Pre Evaluation of Feasibility Factors for Technical Change to Reduce Aflatoxin Contamination in Groundnut Based Livelihood Systems

REVIEW OF THE PROCESS

SO FAR -

  • Farmers practices and underlying reasons understood
  • Groundnut marketing systems and policy environment understood
  • Brainstorming by project team to put together potentially suitable technologies to produce aflatoxin free groundnuts and fodder feasibility assessed vis-à-vis potential constraints

AT PRESENT –

  • A pre-evaluation aflatoxin reducing technologies carried out with the farmers of Ananthapur to assess feasibility and to understand potential constraints for adoption
slide2

RICH

POOR

WOMEN

Fungicides

Fungicides

Seed treatment (Trichoderma)

Seed treatment (Trichoderma)

Seed treatment (Trichoderma)

Bacteria to improve manure quality

Improved storage methods

Bacteria to improve manure quality

Fungicides

Sorting (of damaged, small immature pods)

Aflatoxin resistant varieties

Aflatoxin resistant varieties

Removal of immature / left over pods from haulms

Improved storage methods

Application of Gypsum

Aflatoxin resistant varieties

Drying techniques (wind rowing)

Early pod stripping / threshing without stacking by machines

Application of FYM

Application of FYM

Improved storage methods

Application of Gypsum

Application of Gypsum

Application of FYM

Bacteria to improve manure quality

Early pod stripping / threshing without stacking by machines

Sorting (of damaged, small immature pods)

Early pod stripping / threshing without stacking by machines

Sorting (of damaged, small immature pods)

Mulching (crop residues and manure’s)

Mulching (crop residues and manure’s)

Mulching (crop residues and manure’s)

Drying techniques (wind rowing)

Drying techniques (wind rowing)

Removal of immature / left over pods from haulms

Removal of immature / left over pods from haulms

PAMPANUR

Technology

Any Two groups have Identical Choice

Any two groups have close choice

Do not Match

slide3

RICH

POOR

WOMEN

Labor availability

Labor cost

Labor availability

Labor cost

Labor availability

Work load / drudgery

Work load / drudgery

Work load / drudgery

Cost

Cost

Crop quality

Yield

Market

Yield

Availability of inputs

Crop quality

Market

Market

Health

Cost

Labor cost

Yield

Health

Health

Resistance

Resistance

Resistance

Availability of inputs

Availability of inputs

Crop quality

Availability of machinery

Availability of machinery

Availability of machinery

PAMPANUR

Feasibility factors

All Three groups have Identical choice

Any Two groups have Identical Choice

Any two groups have close choice

Do not Match

slide4

RICH

POOR

WOMEN

Aflatoxin resistant varieties,

Fungicides

Improved storage methods

Aflatoxin resistant varieties,

Fungicides

Improved storage methods,

Seed treatment (Trichoderma)

Seed treatment (Trichoderma)

Seed treatment (Trichoderma)

Application of Gypsum

Fungicides

Application of Gypsum

Application of FYM

Application of FYM

Application of FYM

Bacteria to improve manure quality

Application of Gypsum

Improved storage methods

Early pod stripping / threshing without stacking by machines

Aflatoxin resistant varieties

Bacteria to improve manure quality

Sorting (of damaged, small immature pods)

Bacteria to improve manure quality

Early pod stripping / threshing without stacking by machines

Sorting (of damaged, small immature pod

Mulching (crop residues and manure’s)

Early pod stripping / threshing without stacking by machines

Mulching (crop residues and manure’s)

Removal of immature / left over pods from haulms

Mulching (crop residues and manure’s)

Removal of immature / left over pods from haulms

Drying techniques (wind rowing)

Removal of immature / left over pods from haulms

Drying techniques (wind rowing)

Sorting (of damaged, small immature pods)

Drying techniques (wind rowing)

LINGANNAPALLI

TECHNOLOGY

All Three groups have Identical choice

Any Two groups have Identical Choice

Any two groups have close choice

Do not Match

slide5

RICH

POOR

WOMEN

Work load / drudgery

Labor cost

Cost

Labor cost

Work load / drudgery

Labor cost

Yield

Labor availability

Yield

Crop quality

Crop quality

Labor availability

Labor availability

Cost

Resistance

Cost

Yield

Crop quality

Market

Availability of inputs

Work load / drudgery

Resistance

Health

Availability of inputs

Health

Market

Health

Availability of inputs

Resistance

Market

Availability of machinery

Availability of machinery

Availability of machinery

LINGANNAPALLI

Feasibility factors

All Three groups have Identical choice

Any Two groups have Identical Choice

Any two groups have close choice

Do not Match

slide6

IN CONCLUSION -

  • Sensitivity to ‘Different Strokes’
  • Apprehensions – Work load / Drudgery / Windrowing / Out turn effects
  • Economic Considerations – Costs / Availability / Access / _ _ _
  • ‘ Market - ability ‘ – Acceptance / Access / Pricing / _ _ _
  • Perceptions based on current experience – Bowine tastes, no effects on health,
  • Awareness – Sorting, storage,
  • Group Approach – to widen stakeholder base / reach the poor farmer
  • Coalitions – Partnerships for Aflatoxin Free Groundnuts