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A Brief History of the Birth Control Movement in the United States. 1837 Charles Goodyear vulcanizes rubber 1848 process patented to manufacture hollow rubber articles. Charles Goodyear. A Brief History of the Birth Control Movement in the United States.

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A Brief History of the Birth Control Movement in the United States

1837 Charles Goodyear vulcanizes

rubber

1848 process patented to

manufacture

hollow rubber articles

Charles Goodyear


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A Brief History of the Birth Control Movement in the United States

1860s •“Purity Movement” develops in US

•New York Society for

Suppression of Vice -

President Anthony Comstock

1873 •Comstock Act passed by

Congress


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1883 StatesMargaret Higgins (Sanger) born in Corning, NY

1900 Margaret marries William Sanger

1912-13 Margaret Sanger involved in textile workers strikes


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A Brief History of the Birth Control StatesMovement in the United States

Sanger

1914 Margaret Sanger founds National Birth Control League

-publishes The Woman Rebel, Family Limitation

-charged with violation of Comstock Act

-flees to Europe

Ellis


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1915 States

  • With financial help from Henry Havlock Ellis, Margaret Sanger continues to publish Family Limitation from abroad

    -10 million copies in circulation

  • Comstock poses as desperate husband to William Sanger

  • William mails him copy of Family Limitation

  • William arrested, refuses to give over information about Margaret


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1916-1917 States

  • William goes to trial

  • NY Times publishes letters

    from Comstock

  • Comstock dies

  • Margaret returns to open the first birth control clinic in US

  • Clinic closed after 30 days

  • Margaret sues to

    re-open clinic


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Margaret Sanger is shown with admiring supporters as she left Brooklyn Court of Special Sessions after her arraignment, January 4, 1917.


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A Brief History of the Birth Control Movement in the United States

1918 •Physicians given right to

prescribe contraceptives

1926 • Sanger is a prime organizer of

the first World Population Conference in Geneva


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A Brief History of the Birth Control Movement in the United States -1937

  • In U.S. v. One Package of Japanese Pessaries, court found that birth control could be no longer classified as obscene.

  • AMA recognizes birth control as a part of medical service


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A Brief History of the Birth Control Movement in the United States

1942 Margaret Sanger founds Birth Control Federation of America -later changes

name to Planned

Parenthood


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A Brief History of the Birth Control Movement in the United States

1947 AMA American Journal of

Obstetrics & Gynecology

refuses to publish article on

IUDs

1948 Planned Parenthood awards a

small grant to Gregory Pincus,

a research biologist to study the

possible development of a birth

control pill


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A Brief History of the Birth Control Movement in the United States

1960s “The Pill” available

in US

1965 In Griswold v. Connecticut Supreme Court invalidates state laws prohibiting physicians from providing

contraception advice

-upholds right to privacy

Dr. G. Pincus


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1970 States

Congress passes Title X Family Planning Program to ensure that the uninsured working poor women and teens who are not eligible for Medicaid have access to family planning and other reproductive health care services.




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. . . but few are covered by Medicaid 1980

Most clients of Title X-supported clinics are poor . . .

Female clients of Title X-supported clinics

(4.2 million)

Table 11, p. 46


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Health departments run most Title X-supported clinics 1980

Clinics with Title X funding

(4,300)

Table 12, p. 46


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. . . account for roughly half of all unintended pregnancies 1980

The small proportion of women who do not use contraceptives . . .

Women at risk of

unintended pregnancy

(42 million)

Women experiencing unintended pregnancies

(3 million)

Table 4, p. 44


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In the summer of 2008 the Bush administration proposed new guidelines that would define birth control as a form of abortion. Many believe that such guidelines would virtually eliminate all Federal funds to agencies that provide family planning services.