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Technology Development with Independents. National Energy Technology Laboratory. Office of Fossil Energy. Independents 5-Phase Program. Provide technical assistance to small independent operators to help find solutions for local production problems

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technology development with independents

Technology Development with Independents

National Energy Technology Laboratory

Office of Fossil Energy

independents 5 phase program
Independents 5-Phase Program
  • Provide technical assistance to small independent operators to help find solutions for local production problems
  • Cost-sharing assistance aimed at encouraging producers to apply unfamiliar technologies or novel, unproven approaches to solve operational problems through R&D field demonstration projects
  • Five solicitations resulted in five phases of research between 1995 and 2003
goals
Goals
  • Extend the economic production of domestic fields by slowing the rate of well abandonments and preserve infrastructure (including facilities, wells, data and expertise)
  • Increase ultimate recovery in known fields using advanced technologies for formation evaluation, improved oil recovery and production practices
  • Use field demonstrations to broaden information exchange and technology application among stakeholders by expanding participation in DOE projects
technology development with independents high level review
Technology Development with Independents ‘High-Level Review’

Solicitations:

Phase 1: #94PC91008 M&O with BDM-OK subcontracts under Research Opportunity Announcement # OKL-5027-01 – 1995-1998

  • DOE investment $1M (29%) & Independents investment $2.5M (71%)
    • 22 projects awarded

Phase 2: #01NT15146.000 – 1999-2002

  • DOE investment $1.4M (29%) and $3.5M (71%)
    • Round 1 – 7 projects awarded
    • Round 2 – 5 projects awarded
    • Round 3 – 5 projects awarded
    • Round 4 – 5 projects awarded
  • Total of 22 projects awarded

Phase 3: #01BC15263.000 – 2001-2003

  • DOE Investment $.8M (36%) and Independents $1.3M (64%)
    • Round 1 – 3 projects awarded
    • Round 2 – 2 projects awarded
    • Round 3 – 5 projects awarded
  • Total of 10 projects awarded
technology development with independents high level review cont
Technology Development with Independents ‘High-Level Review’cont.

Phase 4: #02NT15377.00 – 2002-2005

  • DOE Investment $.9M (42%) and Independents $1.3M (58%)
    • Round 1 – No projects awarded
    • Round 2 – 4 projects awarded
    • Round 3 – 6 projects awarded
  • Total of 10 projects awarded

Phase 5a: #02NT15376.000 – 2003 - 2008

  • DOE Investment $1.8M (49%) and Independents $2.5M (51%)
    • Area 1 – 1 project awarded
    • Area 2 – 1 project awarded

Phase 5b: #03NT15391.000 – 2003 - 2008

  • DOE Investment $3.7M (21%) and Independents $14.3M (79%)
    • 3 projects awarded

GRAND TOTAL OF 69 PROJECTS with total DOE investments of $9.6M (27%) and Independents $25.4M (73%); total combined $35M investment

slide6
Phase 1Support to Independents Program: Petroleum Technology Advances through Applied Research by Independent Oil Producers
  • Performance Period - 1995 to 1998
  • 22 projects awarded in 13 states
    • Maximum award: $50,000
  • 9 technology areas
  • Results
    • 7 projects ready for technology transfer to other operators
    • 12 were promising and justified additional monitoring or testing
    • 3 had little or limited potential
    • 5 of the 22 projects yielded almost twice the federal funding of the entire program
phase 1 highlights
Phase 1 Highlights

Performer: Cobra Oil & Gas, University of Alabama and Schlumberger

  • Formation Micro-Imaging (FMI)
    • Used to log core and determine facies
    • Confirmed that FMI logs are valid as alternation to whole core analysis
  • Benefits
    • Cost savings estimated at $10,000 to $25,000 per well

Performer: Tenison Oil Company

  • Wellbore problems with pump sticking, rods parting and wear due to calcium carbonate scale deposition.
    • Redesigned rod pumps and used tubing anchors
    • Reduced heat created by friction to reduce calcium carbonate precipitation
  • Benefits
    • Workover and operating costs reduced from $10,000 per month to $1,200 per month for demonstration well
phase 2 support to independents program technology development with independents
Phase 2 Support to Independents ProgramTechnology Development with Independents
  • Period of Performance -1999 to 2002
  • 21 projects awarded in 10 states
    • Maximum award: $75,000
    • 16 projects less than 1 year in duration
    • Cost share by Industry is 71%
    • 6 projects rated Highly successful
    • All projects participated in “Lessons Learned” workshop
phase 2 highlights
Phase 2 Highlights

Performer: MNA

  • Revitalized a 14 well waterflood in New Mexico
  • Reservoir characterization using DOE’s BOAST III reservoir simulation software
  • Benefits: Positive production response, which allowed sale of the property to Vintage Drilling Company in November 2001

Performer:Strand Energy Co.

  • Evaluated secondary recovery in Arkansas oil field
  • Benefits: Reservoir and well- bore injection performance data obtained during the pilot project will provide important data for secondary recovery optimization.

Strand Energy

phase 2 highlights cont
Phase 2 Highlights cont.

9 C VSP

Performer: Visos/ Vecta Energy; PartnerUniversity of Texas at Austin

  • 9-component Vertical Seismic Profile (3 vectors and sources)
    • vertical vibrator
    • incline horizontal vibrator
    • crossline horizontal vibrator
  • Improved seismic reflection interpretation
  • Conventional 3-D seismic uses only compressional P waves, Analysis of S wave phenomenon
  • Each mode creates a different victor displacement in Morrow sandstone
  • Discovered that S waves were more robust the P-waves
  • S wave provided spatial resolution

Benefits:

  • Technology allows operators to image compartmentalized areas of reservoirs for bypassed oil.
  • Improved interpretation of Morrow sandstone in Co, KS, OK and TX

Directional movement of wave modes

phase 3 technology development with independents
Phase 3Technology Development with Independents
  • Period of Performance –

2001 to 2003

  • 10 projects awarded in 6 states
    • Maximum award $75,000
    • Cost-share by industry 64%
    • 8 projects judges successful

Marks, Assoc. Biostratigraphy

Evidence for oil exploration

phase 3 highlights
Phase 3Highlights

Performer: DAKFAM, Inc.

  • Used GasGun to generate shockwaves and high pressure to create fissure out fro drill hole which served to connect fractures.

Benefits: Returned three idle wells to production

Performer: Hunter Living Trust (Vaquero Energy)

  • Designed well surveillance system to monitor marginal oil wells.

Benefits:

  • Implemented Marginal Expense Oil Well Wireless Surveillance (MEOWWS) system.
  • Demonstrated feasibility of wireless surveillance devices and remote sensor technology.

MEOWWSBase Station Antenna and Radio Modem

phase 4 research with independents
Phase 4Research with Independents
  • Period of Performance – 2003 to 2005
  • 10 projects awarded in 5 states
    • Maximum award $100,000
    • 58% industry cost share
    • Projects with St. James and Vecta were funded as follow-ups to previous awards from Phase 2
    • All projects were technical successes

Arnell Oil Co. Littleton, CO

phase 4 highlights
Phase 4 Highlights

Performer: St. James

  • Designed new hydrochloric-phosphonic acid treatment to dissolve severe calcium carbonate scale buildup.
  • Inhibits the formation of calcium carbonate scale.

Benefits: Returned 4 shut-in wells to production double the prior to shut-in Los Angeles, CA

Performer: Grand Mesa Operating Co.

  • Demonstrated feasibility of polymer gel technology to increase recovery in Kansas.

Benefits: Polymer gels reduce water production, reduce well and operating costs.

St. James

Grand Mesa

phase 5 advanced technologies for independents
Phase 5Advanced Technologies for Independents
  • Performance Period –

2002 to 2005

  • 5 projects awarded in 5 states
    • Maximum award $100,000
    • Industry cost share 51-79%
    • Projects focused on:
      • Drilling and completion
      • Reservoir characterization
      • Seismic technology
    • All projects were successful

Schlumberger time-lapse seismic, Michigan

Vecta seismic

Exploration in

Williston Basin

phase 5 highlights
Phase 5Highlights

Performer: Enerdyne, LLC

  • Developed submersible pump suspended on stainless steel wireline cable demonstrated in San Juan Basin, NM

Benefits:

  • Suspending the pump on wireline permits rapid deployment and retrieval
  • New pump can cut capital costs and reduce operating costs significantly

Performer: Utah Geological Survey

  • Reservoir characterization of Leadville Lm, UT

Benefits:

  • Reduce exploration costs and drilling risk in environmentally sensitive areas
  • Add new oil discoveries and reserves

Enerdyne wireline cable

UGS

Leadville Limestone

independent program benefits
Independent ProgramBenefits
  • Maintain current domestic production levels
  • Curtail premature loss of domestic production due to fluctuating economic conditions
  • Increase ultimate recovery in known fields using advanced technologies
  • Program reached small independent operators who had not previous received direct benefit from DOE research or funding
  • Shared technologies through DOE and PTTC workshop reached a wide range of independents

Tremblor Petroleum Co., CA