Download
slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
MSC-E contribution concerning heavy metals and POPs to the EMEP assessment report PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
MSC-E contribution concerning heavy metals and POPs to the EMEP assessment report

MSC-E contribution concerning heavy metals and POPs to the EMEP assessment report

227 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

MSC-E contribution concerning heavy metals and POPs to the EMEP assessment report

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. MSC-E contribution concerning heavy metals and POPs to the EMEP assessment report Ilia Ilyin, S. Dutchak, V. Shatalov, EMEP/MSC-E Workshop on the EMEP assessment report under the Task Force on Measurements and Modelling Vienna, Austria, 4-6 November 2002 EMEP/Meteorological Synthesizing Centre - East

  2. Proposed outline of reports (400- 500 pages?) Introduction and goal Chapter 1 Sulphur and nitrogen compounds in air and precipitation leading to acidification and eutrofication Chapter 2 Ozone and photooxidants in air Chapter 3 Heavy metals and POPs in air and precipitaion ( ~ 50 pages?) EMEP/Meteorological Synthesizing Centre - East

  3. Considered substances • Heavy metals (HMs): • Lead (Pb) • Cadmium (Cd) • Mercury (Hg) • POPs: • PAHs • PCBs • Lindane (-HCH) • HCB • PCDD/Fs Years: 1980 - 2000 EMEP/Meteorological Synthesizing Centre - East

  4. Chapter 3 Heavy metals and POPs in air and precipitaion 3.1 Basis for the assessment 3.2 Special studies 3.3 Results of the national/regional assessments + special studies 3.4 The present status of pollution in different parts of Europe in relation to environmental targets EMEP/Meteorological Synthesizing Centre - East

  5. 3.1 Basis for the assessment - Available data - Available assessments on national and regional scale - Available quality of data Available data: 1) Emissions (MSC-W, MSC-E) 2) Monitoring results (CCC) 3) Modelling results (MSC-E) EMEP/Meteorological Synthesizing Centre - East

  6. 3.1.1 Available data - emissions Available official data at least for one year Total HM emissions - 34 countries EMEP/Meteorological Synthesizing Centre - East

  7. 3.1.1 Available data - emissions Expert estimates of the HM and POP emissions: - UBA/TNO (HMs, POPs) - ESQUAD (HMs, B(a)P, γ-HCH) - POPCYCLING-Baltic (POPs) - E.&J. Pacyna (Hg) - GEIA (Pb, Hg) - AMAP (Hg) - K. Breivik (PCBs) EMEP/Meteorological Synthesizing Centre - East

  8. 3.1.1 Available data - emissions Long-term emission variations Decrease 3.3 times Long-term Pb emission trend in EMEP, kt/y Long-term PCDD/F emission trend in EMEP, kg TEQ/y EMEP/Meteorological Synthesizing Centre - East

  9. 3.1.1 Available data - emissions Emission changes in different countries (official data) Emission of Pb in Finland and Czech Republic, t/y Emission of PCDD/F in Austria and Finland, g TEQ/y EMEP/Meteorological Synthesizing Centre - East

  10. 3.1.1 Available data - emissions Spatial distribution of the emissions Lead emissions in 1990 (or in 1980), EMEP region, kg/km2/y Lead emissions in 2000, EMEP region, kg/km2/y EMEP/Meteorological Synthesizing Centre - East

  11. 3.1.1 Available data - modelling results Model assessment • Long-term trends of depositions (EMEP, individual countries) • Long-term POP accumulations in media (seawater, soil, vegetation) • Fields of pollution levels (depositions, concentrations in soil, seawater) • Source-receptor relationships • Depositions to marginal seas • Contribution to effect-based approach and risk assessment EMEP/Meteorological Synthesizing Centre - East

  12. 3.1.1 Available data - modelling results Deposition trends for the EMEP region and for individual countries Decrease ~ 3 times Decrease ~ 6 times Pb deposition to EMEP , kt/y Pb deposition to Denmark , t/y EMEP/Meteorological Synthesizing Centre - East

  13. 3.1.1 Available data - modelling results PCDD/Fs soil concentrations, fg/g TEQ Germany EMEP/Meteorological Synthesizing Centre - East

  14. 3.1.1 Available data - modelling results Depositions fields Cd total deposition to EMEP region in 1990 (or 1980), g/km2/y Cd total deposition to EMEP region in 2000, g/km2/y EMEP/Meteorological Synthesizing Centre - East

  15. 3.1.1 Available data - modelling results HCB concentrations in media Soil, ng/g Seawater, ng/m3 EMEP/Meteorological Synthesizing Centre - East

  16. 3.1.1 Available data - modelling results Source - receptor calculations (for1990 and for 2000) Depositions to Hungary Depositions from Hungary EMEP/Meteorological Synthesizing Centre - East

  17. 3.1.1 Available data - modelling results Pollution of Marginal Seas • Other seas: • - Baltic Sea • - Black Sea • - Mediterranean Sea • - Barents Sea North Sea, Pb, 2000 1990: 1160 t/y 2000: 490 t/y EMEP/Meteorological Synthesizing Centre - East

  18. 3.1.1 Available data - modelling results + section 3.4 Contribution to critical load approach Types of underlying surfaces included inmodelling in accordance with CCErequest: 1. Deciduous / mixed forests 2. Coniferous forest 3. Arable lands 4. Grassland 5. Permanent crops 6. Inland waters 7. Urban 8. Other Area covered by coniferous forests, % Lead deposition to coniferous forests in 2000, t/cell/y EMEP/Meteorological Synthesizing Centre - East

  19. 3.1.1 Available data - modelling results + section 3.4 Input data for WGE: contribution to risk assessment B[a]P maximum diurnal air concentrations in 1998, ng/m3 Number of days with B[a]P diurnal air concentrations exceeding a limit value of 1 ng/m3 EMEP/Meteorological Synthesizing Centre - East

  20. 3.1.3 Available data - available quality of data Available quality of data: - quality of the official emission data (MSC-W) - quality of the expert estimates (MSC-E) - quality of monitoring data (CCC) - reliability of the model results Reliability of the model results (1/2 - 1 page) (1) Results of Pb and Cd intercomparison studies (2) Comparison with monitoring data (3) Results of the model uncertainty analysis EMEP/Meteorological Synthesizing Centre - East

  21. Compound Transported outside EMEP region, % of annual emission Pb 30 Cd B[a]P Hg  60 PCBs PCDD/Fs g-HCH 70 HCB 3.2 Special studies Hemispheric modelling of HM and POP transport HCB air concentrations, pg/m3 Transport from European sources (EMEP region is marked) EMEP/Meteorological Synthesizing Centre - East

  22. Some remaining questions concerning the report - What volume of the report is planned? - How many pages are reserved for HMs and POPs chapter? - Will country-oriented information from MSC-E be included into national/regional assessments? - Who is responsible for section 3.4 (present pollution in relation to environmental targets)?