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Disneyland development: Benefit or loss. Activities 3 and 4. Click the links below to access the slides:. Activity 3 Definition of sustainable development Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Is EIA always reliable? Activity 4 City forum Summary.
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Disneyland development: Benefit or loss Activities 3 and 4 Click the links below to access the slides: Activity 3 • Definition of sustainable development • Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) • Is EIA always reliable? Activity 4 • City forum • Summary
Activity 3:Sustainable development and Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
Does the building of Disneyland abide by this definition? Sustainable development is a concept adopted for the development of an area in which the needs of environment, social and economic development are carefully balanced, so as to enable both the present and future generations to enjoy a vibrant economy, social progress, as well as a high quality environment.
Every Development has Environmental Impact • Air quality • Noise • Water quality • Waste management • Land contamination • Ecology • Fishery • Visual appearance • Cultural heritage • Hazards to life
EIA Environmental Impact • predictsor measures the environmental impact • identifies ways to minimize impact (e.g.alternative site selection and strategic planning) EIA – Helping to Minimize Environmental Impact Environmental Impact Important for sustainable development
In HK, EIA is required by Law • The Law:Environmental Impact Assessment Ordinance (EIAO) • Designated developmental projects listed in Schedule 2 and 3 of the EIAO should set up an EIAin order to be granted permission to do the project
Comments from Public & The Advisory Council on the Environment (ACE) We are involved!! Comments from Public & ACE How does EIA work in Hong Kong? Environmental Permit Project Profile EIA Report EIA Report Approved EIA Study Brief EPD EPD EPD Permission No AdverseImpact Ecological knowledge is used in advising society’s decision-making
How can the public find out what developments are planned? • Media • EPD websitehttp://www.epd.gov.hk/eia/english/register/index.html It’s our right and responsibility to contribute comments about future developments in Hong Kong
Relative to impacts upon fish culture enterprises, the Ma Wan Fish Culture Zone (FCZ) will probably not be affected by any rise in suspended solids, reductions in dissolved oxygen concentration or raised nutrient levels caused by either construction or operation of the theme park. Projected hydrodynamic changes will not affect the FCZ water quality, since water current speeds will be little affected. Waste water discharges will comply with Water Pollution Control Ordinance standards. Ways to reduce possible effects from the Penney's Bay reclamation have been recommended. These measures, together with monitoring will protect the Ma Wan FCZ. Is EIA always reliable? Extract from the EIA Report (executive summary):
Homework: • Refer to the Ma Wan case • Prepare a group report! • Topic: Is EIA always reliable? • You should discuss possible limitations of the EIA to predict environmental impact arising from the development.
Activity 4: Discuss with your colleagues and prepare well for the City Forum !!!
Is Disneyland’s construction the start of a journey to a magic kingdom? City Forum
Reflections How do they interrelate? • Science • Technology • Society • Environment You can use the issue of the theme park and dioxin to illustrate
Science (eg. predicting the impact, the study of dioxin) Technology (eg. computer modeling in EIA, machines used to remove dioxin) Society (eg. economic benefit of the theme park, health problems due to dioxin) Environment (eg. prevent pollution caused by the building of the theme park and the leakage of dioxin)
Science is affected by society Scientific investigations are affected by political, commercial and social pressures.
Society is affected by science The public is influenced by scientific investigations.
Commitment from EVERYONE !!! to the environment. Our society relies on balanced ecosystems for survival. We have responsibility for the present and future generations.
Acknowledgements Chao Yeuk Lan, Crystal Chow Chi-yui, Shirley