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SEVENTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON PARTICIPATORY IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT. EMERGING TRENDS IN PUBLIC- PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS IN IRRIGATION SECTOR The Case of ALBANIA Ylli DEDJA 8 – 13 MAY 2005. SUMMARY. AGRICULTURE AND IRRIGATION IN ALBANIA INSTITUTIONAL ORGANIZATION AND REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

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seventh international conference on participatory irrigation management

SEVENTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON PARTICIPATORY IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT

EMERGING TRENDS IN PUBLIC- PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS IN IRRIGATION SECTOR

The Case of ALBANIA

Ylli DEDJA

8 – 13 MAY 2005

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, May 2005

summary
SUMMARY
  • AGRICULTURE AND IRRIGATION IN ALBANIA
  • INSTITUTIONAL ORGANIZATION AND REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
  • DEVELOPMENT OF WUAs
  • WORLD BANK IRRIGATION REHABILITATION PROJECTS
  • INSTITUTIONAL POLICIES
  • ASSESMENT OF REFORMS
  • MAIN ISSUES AND ACTIONS
  • NATIONAL UNION OF WUAs
  • RESTRUCTURING OF WATER ENTERPRISES

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005

1 agriculture and irrigation in albania
1. AGRICULTURE AND IRRIGATION IN ALBANIA
  • THE IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE AND IRRIGATION
    • LOCATION AND CLIMATIC CONDITIONS
  • IRRIGATION
    • WATER SOURCES
    • IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE INFRASTRUCTURE
    • SYSTEM SIZE AND FRAGMENTATION

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005

2 institutional organisation and regulatory framework
2. INSTITUTIONAL ORGANISATION AND REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
  • Introduction of Agrarian Structure in ALBANIA
    • By 1991: 500 Cooperatives, 150 state farms
    • After land reform: 400,000 farm holdings
  • Water Enterprise
  • Legal and Regulatory Framework (up to 1994) – Irrigation Code

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005

3 development of water user associations
3. DEVELOPMENT OF WATER USER ASSOCIATIONS
  • Background
  • Legal steps for WUA formation
  • Sharing a water source
  • Registered WUAs
  • Government incentive and approach for WUA development
  • Water fees
  • Farmers and WUAs

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005

first irrigation rehabilitation project
FIRST IRRIGATION REHABILITATION PROJECT
  • Introduction and background (7 districts)
  • Rehabilitated 21 irrigation schemes (88,000 ha) & 18 drainage schemes (99,000 ha)
  • About 100,000 farm holdings (1,2 -1,4 ha farm size)
  • WUA component

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005

history for wua establishment
HISTORY FOR WUA ESTABLISHMENT
  • Legal Framework
  • WUA Unit
  • Technical Assistance
  • Village based WUAs
  • Weakness of village-based WUAs

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005

strategy for wua consolidation
STRATEGY FOR WUA CONSOLIDATION
  • Hydraulic based WUAs
  • Power of Local Government
  • Transfer of O&M of Canals and Irrigation Systems
    • EC explore members interest- bottom-up approach
    • AC prepare brief proposals
    • Official proposals - DDAF - MoAF

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005

second irrigation drainage rehabilitation project
SECOND IRRIGATION & DRAINAGE REHABILITATION PROJECT
  • First challenge – extend rehabilitation
  • Second challenge – sustainability of irrigation management
  • Third challenge – restructuring of Water Enterprises
  • Federation – responsibility of major irrigation infrastructure

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005

objectives of sidrp
OBJECTIVES OF SIDRP
  • To emerge small private farmers to increase agricultural production through rapid rehabilitation of existing of Irrigation and Drainage infrastructure
  • To reduce flood of risks

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005

components of sidrp
COMPONENTS OF SIDRP
  • Physical rehabilitation: 20 irrigation and 16 drainage schemes, 50,000 ha, 50,000 farm families
  • Institutional development and management capacity
    • Development & strengthening of WUAs/FWUAs
    • Restructuring of WE
  • Political support
  • Technical studies

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005

criteria for sidrp
CRITERIA FOR SIDRP
  • Main irrigation & drainage canals
    • Farmers organized to WUAs
    • Membership over 80 %
    • FWUA establishment take responsibility for main works
    • System transfer before rehabilitation
  • For secondary irrigation canals by gravity
    • Contribution up to 3 000 leke/ha
  • For schemes by pumping; height less than 50 m
    • 10 % of total investment
  • For schemes by pumping; height more than 50 m
    • 10 % of total investment plus 1 % per each 5 m above

50 m

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005

institutional policies
INSTITUTIONAL POLICIES
  • 2001 – MBU address Supervising to PMU
  • WUA/FWUA development policies
    • 386 WUA; 17 FWUA
    • Training system; about 850 WUA staff trained
  • Financial audit
  • Physical audit

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005

wua support programme
WUA SUPPORT PROGRAMME
  • Publicity and awareness campaign
  • Formulation and adoption of internal rules and regulations
  • Transparency and accountability
  • Irrigation service fee collection
  • Operation and maintenance of tertiary canals
  • Improved water management activities
  • National Union of WUA - (May 2004)

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005

structure of wua
STRUCTURE OF WUA
  • Administrative Council – every 2 years
  • Executive Council
    • Chairman
    • Treasurer
    • Secretary
    • Water masters

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005

wua functions
WUA FUNCTIONS
  • Draws maintenance plan
  • Finances and budget
  • Cropping plans

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005

project 3 water resource management project
Project 3Water resource Management Project
  • Continuity of reforms all over the country.
  • Physical rehabilitation of Irrigation and drainage schemes.
  • Empowered FWUAs and WUAs
  • Consolidating the Drainage Boards
  • River Basin management

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005

assesment of reforms
ASSESMENT OF REFORMS
  • Transfer of about 240,000 ha
  • Government subsidies to WE reduced(2006 will be 0)
  • Demand – driven rehabilitation will prevent waste of resources
  • Farmers are satisfied with the removal of Government involvement and are ready to pay the cost

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005

assesment of reforms main future actions
ASSESMENT OF REFORMS(main future actions)
  • Practical support to WUAs/FWUAs through training
    • Training at tertiary level
    • Training at secondary level
    • Training in financial administration and management
  • Rehabilitation through demand – driven
  • Supervision and regulation to prevent abuse and malpractices
  • Restructuring of WE to address drainage problems; Drainage Boards

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005

impact in wua development
IMPACT IN WUA DEVELOPMENT
  • Increasing cost recovery (45-50 % of O&M)
  • Consolidating the public role in irrigation and decreasing fiscal expenditure
  • Uniting newly emerging private farmers
  • Leadership role and specialization
  • Increasing equity in water rights and the role of women
  • Timely delivery of water
  • Conflict resolution

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005

drainage boards
DRAINAGE BOARDS
  • Management structure
  • Staff levels and skills
  • Financial management
  • Assets
  • Maintenance planning
  • Procurement management and supervision
  • Area of uncertainty

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005

river basin management
River Basin Management
  • Restructuring of actual River Basin Council
  • Investment through the performance
  • Water quality monitoring

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005

slide23
Thank You

Tirana, 8 May 2005

ALBANIA

Eighth International Seminar on PIM, Tarbes, France May 2005

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