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CDD as a mean to build social cohesion . Samuel Thirion (Council of Europe). The case of PLPR in Cape Verde. Conception from lessons drawn in Europe (LEADER program) Which new lessons to draw from PLPR?. The concept of Social Cohesion. European commission :

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Cdd as a mean to build social cohesion l.jpg

CDD as a mean to build social cohesion

Samuel Thirion

(Council of Europe)


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The case of PLPR in Cape Verde

  • Conception from lessons drawn in Europe (LEADER program)

  • Which new lessons to draw from PLPR?


The concept of social cohesion l.jpg
The concept of Social Cohesion

  • European commission:

    Social and Economic Cohesion or Territorial Cohesion

  • Council of Europe

    1- Social Cohesion is the capacity of the society at its different levels (community, regional, national, international) to ensure welfare to all its members and to avoid disparities

    2- Economic Cohesion is the capacity of the society to produce the necessary resources for social cohesion


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Social Cohesion components

Welfare of persons

Situations

participation

Equity

Dignity

Autonomy

How the

society

is organized

Actors and

actions

Trust links feelings

common

knowledge common

values

Basic

Components



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Social cohesion: a new conception of aid for development

From fighting poverty to creation of capacity to fight poverty at every territorial level, which include capacity of the society (community, local, regional, ….) to:

  • observe together and share objectives

  • create a consensus on strategy and territorial action plan to fight poverty

  • apply, manage and monitor the action plan

  • mobilize and manage new financial resources

  • draw lessons and improve actions and methods

  • capitalize and transmit know how

     The method is the key question, more than the content of actions itself


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Central point of the method: Partnerships

  • Territorial partnerships: community, micro-region, region, etc. including all representative of society for social cohesion

  • Vertical partnerships: Trust relationship based on autonomy in exchange of responsibility

  • Extra-territorial partnerships: Solidarity including exchange of know how, commercialization of products, etc.


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  • International institution (IFAD, others, …)

    vertical partnership

  • National territorial partnership:

    vertical partnership

  • Regional/local territorial partnership (CRP)

    vertical partnership

  • Community territorial partnership (ACD)

    vertical partnership

  • Beneficiaries



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B- Vertical partnership: autonomy in exchange of responsibility


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Consequences of the principle of autonomy in exchange of responsibility

  • Global ex-ante evaluation  global contract and global subvention

  • Ex-ante evaluation more on strategy and method than on actions themselves

  • A posteriori control

  • Bottom up and participative monitoring and evaluation

  • Partnership learning process

     Sharing objectives, information, trust based relationship.


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C- Extra-territorial partnership responsibility

  • Opening to new ideas, know how, approaches

  • Creation of links: special interest of decentralized cooperation

  • Solidarity at international level (global social cohesion)

  • Links with solidarity economy (solidarity finance fair trade, solidarity tourism, etc.)


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D- Main difficulties responsibility

1- Territorial partnerships

  • Democracy in local partnerships

  • Establishing strategies and not list of projects

    2- Vertical partnership

  • Tendency to impose instead of dialogue

    3- Extra-territorial partnerships

  • Opening the partnership to new approaches

  • Cross-fertilizing approaches

  • Key questions:

    - laboratory function  key role of the first phase

    - Training integrated in action (learning from and planning together)