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Alberta Recycling Management Authority NAHMMA Hazardous Materials Management Conference Christine Della Costa September 22, 2005 Outline Framework for Alberta’s regulated stewardship programs Alberta Recycling Management Authority (ARMA) Electronics, tires HHW

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alberta recycling management authority
Alberta Recycling Management Authority

NAHMMA Hazardous Materials Management Conference

Christine Della Costa

September 22, 2005

  • Framework for Alberta’s regulated stewardship programs
  • Alberta Recycling Management Authority (ARMA)
  • Electronics, tires
  • HHW
what s the problem or why are we doing this
What’s the Problem?(Or … why are we doing this??)

We need to:

  • Reduce or divert the amount of material going to landfill
  • Preserve non-renewable resources through effective recycling programs
  • Remove hazardous materials from Alberta’s air, land, water
a viable recycling solution
A Viable Recycling Solution …


  • Competitive forces
  • Adequate capacity and market
  • Service to all regions of province/state
  • Value-added products

Solutions can be market-driven, or driven by government regulation. Either way, the consumer pays … the issue is effectiveness.

the alberta approach for electronics tires used oil materials beverage containers
The Alberta Approach(For electronics, tires, used oil materials, beverage containers)
  • Material designated under regulation
    • Level playing field; reliable funding for program
  • Dedicated fund
    • Accountability and transparency
    • Separate fund for each material type
  • “Stakeholder” management
    • Affected parties make decisions; arms length from Government
framework for alberta s regulated stewardship programs
Framework for Alberta’s Regulated Stewardship Programs
  • Regulation under the Act
    • Designates the material: e.g., electronics, tires
    • Delegates authority to set and collect fees
      • To a “Delegated Administrative Organization” (DAO)
    • Prescribes use of funds
      • Recycling program, R&D, Communications, Marketing
    • Defines reporting and accountability requirements
what is a dao
What is a DAO?
  • Not-for-profit organization under the Alberta Societies Act
  • Three DAOs: tires & electronics; used oil materials; beverage containers
  • Arms length from government, but accountable to the Minister of Environment
  • Stakeholder governance
    • Board representation: municipal, environmental, technical, public, industry, government
  • Full management, financial administration
electronics program a brief history
Electronics Program: A Brief History
  • 2002/03: Electronics industry develops a national program model
    • Focused on residential TVs and desktop computers
    • EPSC
  • Provincial realities:
    • Jurisdiction/revenue allocation/accountability
    • Readiness to implement
    • Enforcement (e.g., who ensures revenue compliance)
  • Desire to harmonize provincial programs as much as possible
electronics program brief history
Electronics Program: Brief History
  • 2004: Alberta program emerges
  • Input sought on proposed Alberta program
    • Ongoing discussions with industry; responded to industry’s priorities
    • Public stakeholder consultation: strong support in principle
    • Learned from Alberta’s voluntary computer recycling program
  • Draft Program developed, with core directives from Government
electronics program brief history10
Electronics Program: Brief History

Core Directives from Government:

  • CCME principles
  • Level revenue playing field
  • Reasonable access for all Albertans
      • Build on municipal partnership, infrastructure
  • Include commercial waste
  • Open program for recyclers
      • Fair access / Market competition
  • Accountability
electronics program brief history11
Electronics Program: Brief History
  • Regulation passed in May 2004
    • Alberta Recycling Management Authority (ARMA) the managing DAO
  • Phased Program Implementation:
    • Oct 2004 – Collection and Processing initiated
      • Services established first, revenue second
      • Processor qualification initiated
    • Feb 2005 – Fees initiated on applicable electronics
      • Allowed industry more start-up time
arma structure
ARMA Structure

ARMA is run by a multi-stakeholder Board of Directors and is accountable to the Minister of Environment

It has two divisions:

1. Tire Recycling Alberta 2. Electronics Recycling Alberta

  • Each material (tires, electronics) has its own separate fund
  • Each has an Industry Council, with each Council’s Chair being a voting member on the ARMA Board of Directors
electronics program
Electronics Program
  • Revenues: Fee structure implemented
    • Computer Equipment
      • Laptops/electronic notebooks $ 5
      • Printers/Printer combos $ 8
      • Computers (incl. mouse, keyboard, cables, etc.) $10
      • Computer Monitors (CRT and LCD) $12
    • Televisions
      • 18” screen and under $15
      • 19” – 29” screen $25
      • 30” – 45” screen $30
      • 46” and over $45
electronics program14
Electronics Program

Fees can only be used for:

  • Collection, transportation and recycling of end-of-life electronics material
  • Public information and awareness
  • Research into better recycling technologies
  • Market development
  • Program administration
electronics program15
Electronics Program

Revenues – Supplier registration and compliance

  • 1600 suppliers registered
  • Revenues ahead of projected budget
  • Completeness of revenue is critical
    • Comprehensive compliance processes established
electronics program16
Electronics Program
  • Collection network for Albertans
    • Municipal participation and infrastructure
      • More than 100 designated collection sites to-date
      • Landfills, transfer stations, eco-stations, recycling depots, round-ups
      • Communications support – education/awareness
      • Collection requirements and handling payment
electronics program17
Electronics Program


Four processors registered and operating

  • Are paid a per/tonne rate for processing, and for transportation (three transport “zones”)
  • Compete for municipal clients
  • End-of-life material only – no funding for reuse/resale of electronics equipment
  • Extensive environmental audit – first annual processor audit complete – April:
    • deficiency correction process, downstream verification process
electronics recycling results
Electronics: Recycling Results

Approximately 1800 tonnes of e-waste processed as of August 2005, which translates to:

  • 43,000 monitors
  • 39,000 computers
  • 23,000 printers
  • 18,000 televisions
tire program history
Tire Program: History
  • Tire program was created in 1992
  • No recycling industry at the time
  • Fee: $4/per tire
    • Retail sales; no manufacturer involvement
  • Solutions were investigated inc. tire derived fuel – with public rejection
  • Early accepted solution was civil engineering applications inc. leachate layer for landfill cells
tire program current
Tire Program: Current

In Alberta:

  • Three million tires are bought, discarded, and recycled per year
  • 35 million tires recycled since 1992
    • All tire stockpiles have been eliminated
  • Recycled product in 140 community projects
    • paving stones, blocks, roofing tiles, crumb
household hazardous waste
Household Hazardous Waste
  • ARMA has administered the HHW program (on behalf of AENV) for the last two years
  • Program is currently a cost share arrangement between municipalities and AENV
  • More than $1 million per/year to run the program
  • Treats & safely disposes of over one million litres of HHW materials each year
  • Majority of material collected is paint
  • About 200 communities participated in 2004/05