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The process of eliminating landfills and producing marketable products.
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A BRIEF PROJECT DESCRIPTION A unique, exciting and humanitarian opportunity to expand the types of waste that can be processed and reduce the overall cost of processing while creating 140 + jobs per plant. Extend the life of existing land fills Produce products in demand for resale
RPDL(Renewable Products Development Laboratories, Inc.), has developed a unique system that efficiently and economically converts organic solid waste materials into a fuel gas product (syngas), and a mineral ash. RPDL’s Spouted Bed-Gasifier (SBG) Solid Waste Management System accepts a wide range of organic solid waste materials. Biomass, plastics or tires are fed either by fluidizing gas entrainment at the base of the reactor (biomass & plastics) or directly into the upper reactor (wet biomass & rubber). The core component of the SBG System is the Spouted-Bed Gasifier. This patent pending device employs a unique flow of geometry and thermal delivery system to carry out pyrolysis and gasification of organic feedstocks with very high heating rates and multiple modes of control over the reaction chemistry. Potential applications for the SBG System includes destruction of non-recyclable organic solid waste.
This process is unique in the world because it employs a process of eradication that is 100% clean, with no burning (incineration) and no smoke stacks, using a self contained plant that is easily expandable on a cost vs return basis. The plant equipment first classifies and separates tin, aluminum, glass, steel and dirt from the municipal solid waste (garbage) and leaves only paper products, wood waste, plastics and organic biomass for processing. Eddy Current Separator Paper A conveyor belt carries mixed recyclables from the tipping floor past human sorters, who remove cardboard to a double tier of screens consisting of hundreds of vertical spinning disks. These toss paper forward onto separate conveyor belts. Plastic Heavier objects slide down the spinning disks onto a container line, which passes human sorters. The sorters pick out plastic items for recycling and any non recyclables for disposal. Aluminum A repulsive magnetic field generated by the rapidly spinning rotor on an eddy current separator briefly levitates aluminum and other nonferrous metals and ejects them onto another conveyor. Glass After falling off the end of the eddy current separator, glass containers land on a final conveyor belt, where human sorters separate the bottles by color Steel Steel cans and other iron-based items adhere to the bottom of a cross-belt magnet, positioned over the main container line. They are dropped onto another conveyer belt for sorting. Recycling Explained
Plant Output • Detergent intermediates • Solvents • Particleboard & Plywood adhesive Intermediates • Heat(for use in waste heat boilers) & green house carbon dioxide • Fuel Oil • Glass scrap for resale • Steel / Aluminum scrap, for resale • Phenols • Coal Binders • Asphalt Additives • #2 Diesel • Roof Shakes • Fuel Pellets • Composites
Plants are “modular” and expandable, each plant will handle 300 tons per day of municipal waste (100,000 tons per year) and 200 tons per day of waste tires (70,000 tons per year).
SYNGAS Syngas is the abbreviation for Synthesis gas. This is a gas mixture that is comprised of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and hydrogen. Syngas is produced due to the gasification of a carbon containing fuel to a gaseous product that has some heating value. Some of the examples of syngas are as follows: gasification of coal, waste to energy gasification, steam reforming of natural gas to generate hydrogen. The name syngas is derived from the use as an intermediate in generating synthetic natural gas and to create ammonia or methanol. Syngas is also an intermediate in creating synthetic petroleum to use as a lubricant or fuel. It can be burnt and is used as a fuel source. The use of syngas as a fuel is accomplished by the gasification of coal or municipal waste. It is also used as an intermediate to produce other chemicals. Syngas is used as an intermediate in the industrial synthesis of hydrogen and ammonia. During this process, methane (from natural gas) combines with water to generate carbon monoxide and hydrogen. As a residue of energy gasification, syngas is produced and this is used as a fuel to create electricity. Another use is as a basic chemical building block for many users in the petrochemical and refining industries. Gasification is a very vital process. It raises the value of low value feedstocks by transforming them to marketable products and fuels.
Waste Problems in Italy Most of the towns are besieged by heaps of waste that bins can no longer contain. People must endure not only the bad smell that comes out, but the smoke laden with dioxins too. People who are exasperated, burn trash ignoring the toxicity. Landfills are now full, and existing incinerators no longer continue their activities due to technical and bureaucratic problems. In the surrounding areas the residents fear the spread in the air of particulate matter resulting from incineration, considered by many scientists as a cause of cancer. The rest of Italy has been watching at what is still happening in the southern region, but are not aware that the danger is inherent in every region, that the emergency could explode everywhere. Entire areas of south western Italy which were previously dedicated to agriculture or pasture, are now polluted by damaged bales, full of any kind of waste. There is domestic garbage mixed with mostly toxic industrial waste, which is carefully concealed or misunderstood as harmless organic waste.
The fundamental Problem Waste is the product of our everyday life, so we, the consumers, are primarily responsible for all these afflictions. We believe that, once far from our sight, waste disappears. But that’s not the way it is. Starting from now, we notice that everything we send to the landfill is bounced back in our lives, in the air we breathe, in our food, in the water we drink. • Could We Burn It?Yes and no. Incineration does generate energy, but at a cost--it may release toxins into the air and create ash that requires disposal in hazardous-waste landfills, and that takes us back to our starting point: Cities are running out of places to put their trash. • Could We Bury It?According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, many of the country's landfills have been closed for one or both of these two reasons: They were full. • Landfills were contaminating groundwater. The water that flows beneath these deep holes is our drinking water. Once groundwater is contaminated, it is extremely expensive and difficult, and sometimes even impossible, to clean it up. • The groundwater wells at a closed landfill must be monitored for a minimum of 30 years. • The cost for the additional groundwater monitoring measures, including the engineering and design work, are estimated to be $170,000.
The Solution Bionomics International • A unique, exciting and humanitarian opportunity to efficiently and safely use new technology to process as well as expand the types of metropolitan solid waste that can be processed, • Reduce the overall cost of waste processing, • Significantly extend the life of existing land fills • Utilize the by products from waste processing to develop and market commercial products now in demand for resale. • This process is unique in the world because it employs a process of eradication that is 100% clean, with no burning (incineration) and no smoke stacks, using a self-contained plant that is easily expandable on a cost vs. return basis. The process uses technology called biomass liquefaction, pyrolysis & gasification. • This new technology will lower the overall cost of extraction and recycling projects, while allowing the projects to handle common waste, such as scrap tires, animal waste, municipal waste, commercial and construction waste, sewage sludge, etc., and still maintain the ability to handle industrial waste. This process converts these wastes into clean, safe products with a resale demand.
What’s The Solution? The total amount of plastics in MSW—about 30 million tons—represented 12.0 percent of total MSW generation in 2008. The amount of plastics generation in MSW has increased from less than one percent in 1960 to 12.0 percent in 2008. Plastics are a rapidly growing segment of the MSW stream. The largest category of plastics are found in containers and packaging (e.g., soft drink bottles, lids, shampoo bottles). While overall recovery of plastics for recycling is relatively small—2.1 million tons, or 6.8 percent of plastics generation in 2008 Currently, both the capacity to process post-consumer plastics and the market demand for recovered plastic resin exceed the amount of post-consumer plastics recovered from the waste stream. Consequently most plastic soft drink and water bottles end up in landfills.
Solution - Liquefaction, Gasification Process Our process can reduce plastic containers into a slurry which is beneficial to syngas. Syngas is also an intermediate used in creating synthetic petroleum. Phenols are a class of organic compounds which is a recoverable byproduct of this process. To summarize: phenols are in great demand to be used as intermediates in drugs, adhesives, epoxy’s, resins, plastics, fertilizers, paints, rubber, textiles and many other products. Phenols' are to be considered a commodity and are a very profitable source of revenue.
CONCLUSION The Bionomics International Team has not yet built a plant. At the same time every component in the plant has a proven track record in similar applications. It is somewhat like building the subway in Athens or the Empire State Building, or the Golden Gate Bridge, or the Hoover Dam or any other significant project. Every country has numerous structures that are unique and one of a kind. Did that stop these projects from happening? NO! Good engineering firms applied sound engineering principles using the experience of other similar projects and designed the facility. So in summary, while Bionomics International cannot show you an operating plant, you can be assured that the system will work, that it will provide significant benefits to the Licensee and municipality and that the risk to the Licensee and municipality is insignificant. There is no better system currently available from any other company in the world to process MSW and produce valuable and profitable by-products, create jobs and eliminate landfills as we know them. BIONOMICS INTERNATIONAL, INC. CREATING A SAFER ENVIRONMENT