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“Mexico and Japan in the New International Agenda: A Comparative Analysis” Climate Change, Sustainable Development and Mexico´s “Green Fund” Proposal Lisa Antillón K. Tokyo, Japan, November 20-21, 2008. CLIMATE CHANGE.
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“Mexico and Japan in the New International Agenda: A Comparative Analysis”
Climate Change, Sustainable Development and Mexico´s
“Green Fund” Proposal
Lisa Antillón K.Tokyo, Japan, November 20-21, 2008
Mexico´s ranking worldwide:
A third of all GHG emissions are due to environmental destruction.
As a developing country, Mexico is not obligated to reduce its emissions under the Kyoto Protocol.
Mexico Special Program for Climate Change, Public Consultation, p. 25.
Ibid, p. 23
Zapata Martí, Ricardo. Inundaciones en Tabasco. Evaluaciones Socioeconómicas coordinadas por la CEPAL y CENAPRED
Strengthen hits enviro mental institutions
a) Promote climate change policies within the 2007-2012 National Development Program and the UNCCC
b) Issues Letters of Approval for Mexican projects that wish to participate in the Clean Development Mechanism. (p. 29 PECC)
Mexico´s Environmental Objectives…
Inter-Ministerial Commission´s main objectives
National Ecology Institute of Mexico
HOW MUCH SHOULD COUNTRIES CONTRIBUTE?:
GREEN FUND. ARGUMENTS AND COUNTER-ARGUMENTS1. INCLUSIVENESS“MUST EVOLVE FROM WORKING MOSTLY IN HIGH-EMISSIONS DEVELOPING COUNTRIES TO INCLUDE ALL DEVELOPING COUNTRIES”
Easier to monitor a small number of high-impact countries
GREEN FUND. ARGUMENTS AND COUNTER-ARGUMENTS2. SCOPE OF FINANCING“MUST EVOLVE FROM PROJECTS TO SECTORS, PROGRAMS AND SUBNATIONAL ENTITIES”
It has been proven that funding grand development schemes results in a dilution of efforts and money, a lack of transparency and accountability.
Projects are easier to monitor and measure
GREEN FUND. ARGUMENTS AND COUNTER-ARGUMENTS3. INDEPENDENCE“The Fund should be independent and democratic and will not result in more bureaucracy”
So far, the GEF´s, UN´s and World Bank´s performance in measuring, monitoring and allocating funds has been what is expected. Why risk it?
GREEN FUND. ARGUMENTS AND COUNTER-ARGUMENTS5. BASELINE“Baselines result in a perverse mechanism that promotes legal and practical immobility ”
True. Countries would probably have to install “watchdogs” to monitor practices and legislation to make sure not only that they are progressive, but that they don´t become backward. Would that be expensive?
GREEN FUND. ARGUMENTS AND COUNTER-ARGUMENTS7. ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES“Strengthening the Green Agenda empowers developing and less developed countries”
To be discussed…
The adoption of the Green Fund by the Kyoto Protocol Parties could become more feasible if: