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MEDICATION ASSISTANT CERTIFICATION (MAC) PROGRAM. STUDENT TRAINING MANUAL 3.2 (MI/SA). MAC PROGRAM INTRODUCTION. WHAT IS A MAC WORKER? WHO DOES THE PROGRAM HELP? WHAT IS A MAS NURSE?. MAC PROGRAM INTRODUCTION. ALABAMA BOARD OF NURSING RULING 610-X-6-.15 LIMITATIONS OF MAC WORKER.

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MEDICATION ASSISTANT CERTIFICATION (MAC) PROGRAM

STUDENT TRAINING MANUAL 3.2 (MI/SA)


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MAC PROGRAM INTRODUCTION

  • WHAT IS A MAC WORKER?

  • WHO DOES THE PROGRAM HELP?

  • WHAT IS A MAS NURSE?


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MAC PROGRAM INTRODUCTION

  • ALABAMA BOARD OF NURSING RULING 610-X-6-.15

  • LIMITATIONS OF MAC WORKER


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MAC PROGRAM INTRODUCTION

  • RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE MAC WORKER

  • RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE MAS (MEDICATION ASSISTANT SUPERVISING) NURSE

  • RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF


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MAC PROGRAM INTRODUCTION

  • MAC TEACHING PROGRAM

  • UNDERSTANDING MENTAL SUBSTANCE ABUSE AND MENTAL ILLNESS


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 1

  • YOUR ROLE IS IMPORTANT

  • THE DIRECT CARE OR MAC WORKERS ARE THE EYES, EARS, VOICE AND HEART OF YOUR MI CLIENT

  • YOU KNOW YOUR CLIENTS BETTER THAN ANYONE

  • WATCH FOR “CHEEKING”

  • YOU OFTEN RECOGNIZE PROBLEMS BEFORE ANYONE ELSE


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 1

  • KNOW YOUR LIMITATIONS

  • REPORT TO YOUR MAS NURSE WITH ANY PROBLEMS OR CONCERNS

  • ENCOURAGE YOUR CLIENTS TO BE COMPLIANT

  • MAC TRAINING REQUIRES 12 HOURS OF CLASSSROOM INSTRUCTION AND 12 HOURS OF PRACTICAL EXPERIENCE


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 1

  • UNDERSTANDING MENTAL ILLNESS

  • THE BIG PICTURE

  • MENTAL ILLNESS

  • PROBLEMS WITH THINKING

  • MOOD DISORDERS

  • ANXIETY DISORDERS

  • THE CAUSE OF MENTAL ILLNESS


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 1

  • ASSISTING WITH MEDICATIONS

  • UNDERSTANDING SERIOUS MENTAL ILLNESS

  • UNDERSTANDING HALLUCINATIONS

  • ENCOURAGING MEDICATION COMPLIANCE


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 1

  • UNDERSTANDING SERIOUS MENTAL ILLNESS

  • UNDERSTANDING DELUSIONS

  • HOW MEDICINE WORKS

  • OBSTACLES TO CARE


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 2

  • WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT FORMS OF MEDICATIONS?

  • WHAT ARE SOME IMPORTANT RULES FOR STORAGE OF MEDICATIONS?

  • WHY ARE THESE RULES IMPORTANT?


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 2

  • WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PRESCRIPTION MEDICATIONS AND DRUGS?

  • WHAT ARE OTC MEDICATIONS?

  • WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN GENERIC AND BRAND NAME MEDICATIONS?


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 3

  • WHAT ARE THE 6 RULES OR “RIGHTS” THAT MUST BE FOLLOWED WHEN ASSISTING WITH YOUR CLIENT’S MEDICATIONS?

  • WHY ARE THE “RIGHTS” IMPORTANT?


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1. THE RIGHT PERSON

2. THE RIGHT MEDICATION

3. THE RIGHT DOSE

4. THE RIGHT ROUTE

5. THE RIGHT TIME

6. THE RIGHT DOCUMENTATION

MAC PROGRAM UNIT 3


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 3

  • WHAT ARE THE THREE EFFECTS OF MEDICATIONS?

    1. THE DESIRED EFFECTS

    2. THE UNDESIRED OR SIDE EFFECTS

    3. NO EFFECT


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 3

  • UNDERSTANDING MEDICATION SIDE EFFECTS IN PERSON WITH SERIOUS MENTAL ILLNESS

    1. GETTING THE BIG PICTURE

    2. WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT LEVELS OF RISK?

    3. WHEN DO I HOLD A MEDICATION?


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MAC PROGRAM

SAMPLE TEST QUESTIONS


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 4

  • ASSISTING WITH ORAL MEDICATIONS

    ORAL MEDICATIONS COME IN MANY DIFFERENT FORMS

    1. LIQUIDS

    2. TABLETS OR CAPSULES

    3. QUICK DISSOLVING WAFERS


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 4

  • WHAT HAPPENS WHEN I SWALLOW A MEDICATION?


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 4

  • WASH YOUR HANDS!


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 4

  • SOME QUICK CONVERSIONS

  • 1, TEASPOON EQUALS 5 ML OR CC

  • 1, TABLESPOON EQUALS 15 ML OR CC

  • 1, OUNCE EQUALS 30 ML OR CC

  • 1, 8 OUNCE CUP EQUALS 240 ML OR CC


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 4

WHY CAN’T I USE SILVERWARE SPOONS?


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 4

  • SPECIAL POINTS

  • RULES FOR MORE THAN ONE MEDICATION

  • RULES FOR MORE THAN ONE PERSON

  • SECURE THE MEDICATIONS

  • GIVE MEDICINES WITH WATER


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 4

  • DOCUMENTATION

  • WHAT IS A MAR?

    2. IMPORTANCE OF ACCURATE DOCUMENTATION


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 4

  • DO THE STEPS:

  • HANDWASHING

  • ASSISTING WITH TABLETS OR CAPSULES

  • LIQUIDS

  • SUBLINGUAL OR BUCCAL

  • DOCUMENTING ON THE MAR


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 4

  • MEDICINES FOR STOMACH AND BOWEL DISORDERS

    1. GETTING THE BIG PICTURE

    2. CHEWING

    3. HOW DOES SWALLOWING WORK?

    4. STOMACH PROBLEMS


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 4

  • MEDICINES FOR STOMACH AND BOWEL DISORDERS

    5. MEDICINES FOR COLON FUNCTION

    6. MEDICATIONS FOR STOMACH PROBLEMS


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 5

  • ASSISTING WITH TOPICAL MEDICATIONS

    TOPICAL MEDICATIONS COME IN MANY FORMS INCLUDING:

    CREAMS, LOTIONS, OINTMENTS, PASTES,

    SOLUTIONS, SUSPENSIONS, POWDERS,

    SPRAYS, PATCHES, MEDICINAL WASHES

    OR SOAPS, AND SHAMPOOS


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 5

  • WHAT MAKES UP OUR SKIN?

  • HOW DOES IT WORK?


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 5

  • SPECIAL POINTS

  • DON’T TOUCH THE SKIN WITH CONTAINER

  • AVOID THE EYES AND NOSTRILS

  • FOLLOW DIRECTIONS

  • EXAMINE SKIN

  • USE GLOVES

  • CLEAN THE SKIN


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 5

DO THE STEPS:

  • CREAMS, OINTMENTS AND PASTES

  • POWDERS & SPRAYS

  • PATCHES

  • SCALP MEDICATIONS &SHAMPOOS


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 6

  • ASSISTING WITH EAR PREPARATIONS

    EAR DROPS ARE USED:

  • FOR EAR INFECTIONS

  • TO SOFTEN EAR WAX

  • TO SOOTHE PAIN


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 6

  • HOW DOES THE EAR WORK?


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 6

DO THE STEPS:

  • CREAMS, OINTMENTS FOR EXTERNAL EAR PROBLEMS

  • EAR DROPS


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 6

  • DISORDERS OF THE EAR

  • GETTING THE BIG PICTURE

  • DISORDERS OF THE OUTER EAR

  • DISORDERS OF THE EAR CANAL

  • DISORDERS OF THE INNER EAR

  • HEARING AIDES


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MAC PROGRAM

SAMPLE TEST QUESTIONS


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 7

  • ASSISTING WITH NOSE DROPS AND OTHER NASAL PREPARATIONS

  • NOSE DROPS AND NASAL INHALERS ARE USED:

  • TO OPEN NASAL PASSAGES

  • TO CURE SINUS INFECTIONS

  • TO AID HEALING AFTER SURGERY


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 7

  • WHAT ARE THE PARTS OF THE OLFACTORY SYSTEM?

  • HOW DOES IT WORK?


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 7

  • SPECIAL POINTS

  • NO OTC INHALERS OR DROPS WITHOUT A DOCTORS ORDER

  • INSTRUCTIONS MAY VARY


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 7

DO THE STEPS:

  • NOSE DROPS

  • NASAL SPRAYS OR INHALERS


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 7

  • MEDICATIONS FOR THE NOSE AND SINUSES FOR PERSONS WITH SERIOUS MENTAL ILLNESS

  • GETTING THE BIG PICTURE

  • MEDICINES FOR THE NOSE AND SINUSES

  • BLOODY NOSES


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 7

  • FACT SHEET MEDICATIONS FOR THE NOSE AND SINUSES


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 8

  • ASSISTING WITH EYE DROPS, EYE PATCHES AND OTHER EYE PREPARATIONS


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 8

  • HOW DOES THE EYE WORK?


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 8

DO THE STEPS:

  • EYE DROPS

  • EYE OINTMENTS

  • EYE PATCHES


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 8

  • UNDERSTANDING DISORDERS OF THE EYE

  • THE BIG PICTURE

  • UNDERSTANDING VISION AND THE EYE

  • EYE CONDITIONS IN OLDER CLIENTS

  • BLINDNESS


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 9

  • ASSISTING WITH INHALED MEDICATIONS


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 9

  • WHAT IS THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM?

  • HOW DOES IT WORK?


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 9

  • SPECIAL POINTS

  • WHAT DO I DO IF THE CLIENT HAS MORE THAN ONE INHALER?

  • WHAT ARE SPACERS?

  • WHAT ABOUT INHALERS FOR EMERGENCIES?

  • WHAT SHOULD I DO IF THE CLIENT HAS TO USE THE INHALER MORE OFTEN THAN EVERY FOUR HOURS?


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 9

DO THE STEPS:

INHALERS


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 9

  • UNDERSTANDING BREATHING PROBLEMS

  • GETTING THE BIG PICTURE

  • HOW WE BREATHE

  • PROBLEMS WITH BREATHING

  • WHAT IS YOUR JOB

  • DETECTING BREATHING PROBLEMS

  • BREATHING MEDICATIONS

  • UNDERSTANDING SMOKING


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MAC PROGRAM

SAMPLE TEST QUESTIONS


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 10

  • RECOGNIZING AND RECORDING MEDICATION ERRORS

    INCLUDE ANY MISTAKE MADE WHILE USING THE “6 RIGHTS” FOR ASSISTING CLIENTS WITH MEDICATIONS


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 10

  • WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO REPORT ERRORS TO MY NURSE?

  • WILL I GET IN TROUBLE IF I DON’T REPORT THE ERROR?

  • DO I HAVE TO FILL OUT ANY PAPERWORK?


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 10

  • UNUSUAL OCCURRENCE REPORT

  • DATE:_________________________ TIME: ______________________

  • CLIENT’S NAME ____________________________________________

  • LOCATION:_________________________________________________

  • PHYSICIAN’S NAME:________________________________________

  • DESCRIPTION OF UNUSUAL OCCURRENCE : ___________________

  • _____________________________________________________________

  • _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________

  • _____________________________________________________________

  • _____________________________________________________________

  • _____________________________________________________________

  • PERSON’S NOTIFIED: ___________________________________________

  • _____________________________________________________________

  • INSTRUCTIONS AND ACTIONS TAKEN: ____________________________

  • _____________________________________________________________

  • _____________________________________________________________

  • _____________________________________________________________

  • _____________________________________________________________

  • PERSON FILING REPORT: ___________________________________­___

  • ADAPTED FROM ALABAMA STATE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 11

  • RESPECTING YOUR CLIENT’S PRIVACY AND CONFIDENTIALITY

  • GETTING THE BIG PICTURE

  • WHAT IS PRIVATE INFORMATION?

  • WHAT INFORMATION IS CONFIDENTIAL?

  • WHAT ARE COMMON MISTAKES MADE IN PRIVACY AND CONFIDENTIALITY?


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 12

  • MAKING A DECISION TO WITHHOLD MEDICATIONS

    10 MOST COMMON REASONS


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 12

  • COMPLETE CHECK LIST 1, 2, AND 3

    WITH SUPERVISING NURSE


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 12

  • VITAL SIGNS

    REVIEW CHECK LIST 4


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MAC PROGRAM

SAMPLE TEST QUESTIONS


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 13

  • SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION ON MENTAL ILLNESS AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE


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MAC PROGRAM UNIT 14

  • SPECIAL PROCEDURES


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