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Jews in Norrköping

Jews in Norrköping

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Jews in Norrköping

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  1. Jews in Norrköping

  2. 1779 First Jews to Sweden King Gustav III Jewish regulations Economical guarantee demanded Three cities only: Stockholm, Göteborg and Malmö 1782 First Jews to Norrköping From Germany and Holland by horse and carriage or boat Well received in Norrköping Jewish immigration

  3. Jewish regulations • 1782 • Laws for Jews in Sweden - Allowed in three cities only - Restricted professions - Not allowed to give evidence in court - No mixed marriages

  4. Judaism and the Jewish congregation • First monotheistic religion • Founderis Moses • Torah and Talmud • First congregation in Norrköping 1782 • Founded by Jacob Marcus • Education within congregation • Own burial-ground

  5. Synagogue • Synagogue - Bet Knesset in Hebrew • First small synagogue built by Jacob Marcus in 1790 • Present synagogue from 1858 • Financed through gifts and fees • 99 members in 1860 • Problems when wealthy members left Norrköping • Declared historic building in 1978 • Today around 30 members

  6. The most important Jewish families in Norrköping

  7. Wealthy Textile mills Jacob Wahren Wool industry Big factory buildings by the river and waterfalls in central Norrköping Herman Leonard Wahren Expanded his father’s (Jacobs) industries Gustaf Mauritz Wahren Stock exchange trader Richard Wahren Textile mills; Richard Wahren & Co R. Wahrens AB The Wahren family

  8. Jacob Marcus • Arrived in Norrköping in 1782 • Permission to start factories and wholesale trade • Sold colonial products, like coffee, spices and olives • Factory for cotton printing • Bankruptcy after economical crises in Sweden 1815

  9. The Philipson family • Philip Jeremias • Arrived in Sweden and Norrköping in 1789 • Launched several companies • Manufactured lacquer & playing cards • Jacob Philipson, son • Owned big farms • John Philipson, grandson • Laid out several parks in Norrköping, the most famous is Folkparken

  10. Economy Most Jewish families did well Residence Lived in different parts of town Work Worked in their own companies and shops Textile mills House to house peddling Education Private tutors No Jewish schools Religious education in Synagogue Language Second generation often fluent in Swedish Traces of Jewish inhabitants Synagogue and the Jewish burial-ground The parks and the old factory buildings General facts