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Female Genital Cutting, by Age. Prevalence Among Younger and Older Women Percent . Source: DHS STATcompiler: accessed online at www.measuredhs.com/statcompiler on July 21, 2004. Female Genital Cutting, by Level of Education. Prevalence Among Women 15 to 49 Percent .

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Female Genital Cutting, by Age

Prevalence Among Younger and Older Women

Percent

Source: DHS STATcompiler: accessed online at www.measuredhs.com/statcompiler on July 21, 2004.

© 2004 Population Reference Bureau


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Female Genital Cutting, by Level of Education

Prevalence Among Women 15 to 49

Percent

Source: DHS STATcompiler: accessed online at www.measuredhs.com/statcompiler on July 21, 2004.

© 2004 Population Reference Bureau


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Female Genital Cutting, by Residence

Prevalence Among Women 15 to 49 Living in Urban, Rural Areas

Percent

Source: DHS STATcompiler: accessed online at www.measuredhs.com/statcompiler on July 22, 2004.

© 2004 Population Reference Bureau


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Age at Marriage, Sub-Saharan African Countries

Median Age at First Marriage, Women 20 to 24 at Time of Survey

Years

Source: DHS STATcompiler: accessed online at www.measuredhs.com/statcompiler on July 22, 2004.

© 2004 Population Reference Bureau


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Births and Assisted Deliveries Worldwide

Births in 2000, and Births Attended by Skilled Personnel 1995-2000

Source: UNICEF End of Decade Databases—Delivery Care (www.childinfo.org/eddb/maternal/index.htm).

© 2004 Population Reference Bureau


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The areas of the world in which deliveries are least likely to be attended by skilled personnel, South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, account for nearly half of all births worldwide (37 million and 26 million, respectively, out of a total of 132 million in 2000).

Notes on Births and Assisted Deliveries Worldwide


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Birth Spacing, Less Developed Countries to be attended by skilled personnel, South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, account for nearly half of all births worldwide (37 million and 26 million, respectively, out of a total of 132 million in 2000).

Births, by Interval

Percent of all births

Source: DHS STATcompiler: accessed online at www.measuredhs.com/statcompiler on July 22, 2004.

© 2004 Population Reference Bureau


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Causes of Maternal Mortality to be attended by skilled personnel, South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, account for nearly half of all births worldwide (37 million and 26 million, respectively, out of a total of 132 million in 2000).

Pregnancy and Childbirth-Related Deaths to Women, by Cause, 1997

Note: Total exceeds 100 percent due to rounding.

Source: World Health Organization, Reduction of Maternal Mortality: A Joint WHO/UNFPA/UNICEF/World Bank Statement, Geneva, 1999.

© 2004 Population Reference Bureau


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Nearly three-quarters of maternal deaths are due to direct complications of pregnancy and childbirth, such as severe bleeding, infection, unsafe abortion, hypertensive disorders (eclampsia), and obstructed labor.

Women also die of indirect causes aggravated by pregnancy, such as malaria, diabetes, hepatitis, and anemia.

Notes on Causes of Maternal Mortality


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Lifetime Risks to Mothers complications of pregnancy and childbirth, such as severe bleeding, infection, unsafe abortion, hypertensive disorders (eclampsia), and obstructed labor. Lifetime Risks to Mothers

Risk of Dying of Maternal Causes or of Losing a Newborn*

Percent chance

* Deaths to babies between birth and 28 days.

Note: Based on most recent available rates.

Source: Save the Children and Population Reference Bureau, Healthy Mothers and Healthy Newborns: The Vital Link, April 2002; and UNFPA, Maternal Mortality in 2000: Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF and UNFPA, 2003.

© 2004 Population Reference Bureau


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Maternal Deaths per 100,000 Live Births complications of pregnancy and childbirth, such as severe bleeding, infection, unsafe abortion, hypertensive disorders (eclampsia), and obstructed labor.

2000

Source: WHO, UNICEF, and UNFPA, Maternal Mortality in 2000: Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, and UNFPA, 2003.

© 2004 Population Reference Bureau


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Maternal Mortality, by Region complications of pregnancy and childbirth, such as severe bleeding, infection, unsafe abortion, hypertensive disorders (eclampsia), and obstructed labor.

Maternal Mortality, by Region

2000 Estimates

Pregnancy and childbirth-related deaths per 100,000 live births

Source: UNICEF, Maternal Mortality in 2000: Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, and UNFPA, 2003.

© 2004 Population Reference Bureau


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Notes on Maternal Mortality, by Region complications of pregnancy and childbirth, such as severe bleeding, infection, unsafe abortion, hypertensive disorders (eclampsia), and obstructed labor.

Over 99 percent of maternal deaths occur in less developed countries, particularly in Asia and Africa.

While high-quality, accessible health care has made maternal death a rare event in more developed countries, the lack of such health care has fatal consequences for pregnant women in less developed countries.


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Skilled Care at Delivery and Maternal Deaths complications of pregnancy and childbirth, such as severe bleeding, infection, unsafe abortion, hypertensive disorders (eclampsia), and obstructed labor.

Regional Comparisons, 1995-2000

Sub-Saharan Africa

South Asia

Middle East and

North Africa

Latin America/

Caribbean

East Asia

and Pacific

Central, Eastern

Europe/ Baltics/ CIS*

* Commonwealth of Independent States (former Soviet Union).

Source: UNICEF End of Decade Databases—Delivery Care (www.childinfo.org/eddb/maternal/index.htm); and Maternal Mortality in 2000: Estimates Developed by WHO, UNICEF, and UNFPA, 2004.

© 2004 Population Reference Bureau


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Awareness of STIs complications of pregnancy and childbirth, such as severe bleeding, infection, unsafe abortion, hypertensive disorders (eclampsia), and obstructed labor.

Respondents With Symptoms Who Sought Treatment, by Sex

Percent

Note: The figure presents the percentage of respondents who reported symptoms suggestive of STIs in the last 12 months who sought care at a service provider with personnel trained in STI care.

Source: DHS HIV/AIDS Survey Indicators Database: accessed online at www.measuredhs.com/statcompiler on July 26, 2004.

© 2004 Population Reference Bureau


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Treatment-seeking for a sexually transmitted infection is a measure of knowledge of infections such as syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia—knowledge of the symptoms and knowledge that they require prompt medical treatment. Symptoms typically appear early in males, whereas STIs are less likely to produce symptoms in women and are therefore more difficult to diagnose until serious problems develop.

STIs cause long-term health complications. For example, the association between human papillomavirus and cervical cancer is well established. STIs are one of the most important preventable causes of low birth weight/prematurity, congenital infection, stillbirth, and postpartum infection.

Notes on Awareness of STIs


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Cervical Cancer in the Americas measure of knowledge of infections such as syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia—knowledge of the symptoms and knowledge that they require prompt medical treatment. Symptoms typically appear early in males, whereas STIs are less likely to produce symptoms in women and are therefore more difficult to diagnose until serious problems develop.

Estimates for Late 1990s

Rates per 100,000 women

Note: Rates are age-standardized, meaning they permit international comparison in spite of varying age structures.

Source: J. Ferlay et al., International Agency for Research on Cancer, World Health Organization, GLOBOCAN 2000 Database, 2001.

© 2004 Population Reference Bureau


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Cervical Cancer, by World Region measure of knowledge of infections such as syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia—knowledge of the symptoms and knowledge that they require prompt medical treatment. Symptoms typically appear early in males, whereas STIs are less likely to produce symptoms in women and are therefore more difficult to diagnose until serious problems develop.

Estimates for Late 1990s

Rates per 100,000 women

Note: Rates are age-standardized, meaning they permit international comparison in spite of varying age structures.

Source: J. Ferlay et al., International Agency for Research on Cancer, World Health Organization, GLOBOCAN 2000 Database, 2001.

© 2004 Population Reference Bureau


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