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Building Programs of Study The Process & Tech Prep Involvement in Alaska Carol Jurgens Education Consultant Omaha, NE gcjurgens@cox.net Deanna Schultz Assistant Professor - UAA Anchorage, AK andds@uaa.alaska.edu NCPN Conference Friday, October 12, 2007 – 8:20 – 9:20 – Room 106-107

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building programs of study the process tech prep involvement in alaska

Building Programs of StudyThe Process & Tech Prep Involvement in Alaska

Carol Jurgens

Education Consultant

Omaha, NE

gcjurgens@cox.net

Deanna Schultz

Assistant Professor - UAA

Anchorage, AK

andds@uaa.alaska.edu

NCPN Conference

Friday, October 12, 2007 – 8:20 – 9:20 – Room 106-107

slide2

Steps to Designing

a Curriculum Framework

(Career Pathway Program of Study)

Chapter 3

curriculum frameworks
Curriculum Frameworks
  • AKA
      • Career Pathways
      • Tech Prep Drawing Boards
      • Plans of Study
      • Personal Learning Plans
      • Programs of Study (POS) (Perkins III)
  • Building plans for Career Pathways
  • Determine both the CONTENT (what is taught) and DELIVERY (when and how it is taught) of instruction
  • Can be designed at the state, district, or local level
steps in building programs of study pos
Steps in Building Programs of Study (POS)
  • Outline POS format
  • Insert required courses
  • Determine career/technical courses
  • Select electives & WBL experiences
  • Identify and develop appropriate standards
  • Map standards to selected courses

*Adapted from Career Pathways: Education with a Purpose, Chapter 3

step 1 outline pos format
Step 1Outline POS Format
  • Program of Study for Grades 9-14
      • Academic Core
      • Technical Core
      • Electives
      • WBL Experiences
  • Format selected should reflect the # of classes scheduled per day at the secondary level
step 2 insert required courses
Step 2Insert Required Courses
  • Secondary Courses
    • Academic Foundations – Graduation Requirements
      • Math/Science/English/Social Studies
  • Postsecondary Courses
    • General Education Requirements

NOTE: Secondary academic course content should align with PS entrance requirements

step 3 determine career technical courses
Step 3Determine Career & Technical Courses
  • Secondary Courses
    • Technical Core
      • Courses common to all pathways within a given cluster, e.g. Transportation, Distribution & Logistics
      • This is easier for some clusters than others
  • Postsecondary Courses
    • Technical Specialty
      • Courses within a given career cluster pathway
step 3 determine career technical courses11
Step 3Determine Career & Technical Courses
  • S/PS students need our help to make the connection between learning and how that knowledge will be used
  • CTE courses must be hands-on and contextual
  • CTE must reinforce BASICS - Help students learn math/science by showing USES of math/science
  • POS process provides an opportunity for CTE instructors to promote hands-on contextual teaching in academic classes as well.
willard daggett
“Reading levels in technical manuals is often more difficult than that required to obtain a baccalaureate degree.

Entry level tech workers must have HIGHER reading skills than college students.”

Willard Daggett

Step 3Determine Career & Technical Courses

FACT . . .

step 4 select electives wbl experiences
Step 4Select Electives & WBL Experiences
  • Determine appropriate elective courses based on given Cluster/Pathway knowledge and skills
  • Select appropriate WBL experiences
      • Job Shadowing
      • Internships
      • Apprenticeship
step 5 identify develop appropriate standards
Step 5 Identify & Develop Appropriate Standards
  • Crosswalk Cluster FoundationK&S to content of your existing S/PS programs/courses
  • Crosswalk Cluster Pathway K&S to content of your existing S/PS programs/courses
slide15
Legal Responsibilities & Ethics

Problem Solving and Critical Thinking

Safety, Health, and Environmental

Systems

Technical Skills

Foundation Knowledge and Skills

Common to ALL Clusters

  • Academic Foundations
  • Communication
  • Employability & Career Development
  • Information Technology Applications
  • Leadership & Teamwork
step 5 cont identify develop appropriate standards
Step 5 (cont.)Identify & Develop Appropriate Standards
  • Crosswalk Cluster/Pathway K&S to:
    • State Academic Standards
    • Business/Industry Skills Standards
    • Employability Skills Standards (YES Skills, SCANS)
  • Review, revise, and adapt to local conditions (through advisory committees)
slide17

http://www.eed.state.ak.us/standards/pdf/standards.pdf

  • Alaska
  • Employability Standards
  • A student should be able to:
  • Develop and use employability skills in order to effectively make the transition from school to work and lifelong learning
  • Identify career interests and plan for career options
step 6 map standards to the courses
Step 6Map Standards to the Courses
  • Determine which existing S/PS programs/courses would adequately align to (cover) the K&S
  • Where are the gaps?
  • Where are the overlaps (redundancy)
  • Determine appropriate options for:
      • Dual Credit
      • Concurrent Credit
      • College Credit
slide20

CCTI

Completed Sample Program of Study

81 Pathway POS available at www.careerclusters.org

slide21

CCTI

Program of Study – Excel Document

81 Pathway POS available at www.careerclusters.org

system approach to career pathways pre school to ps
System Approach to Career PathwaysPre-school to PS
  • Includes ALL students; ALL occupations
  • Connects to Economic Development
  • Builds curriculum based on Standards
  • Teaches the WHAT & the HOW
  • Builds REAL partnerships
  • Focuses on students
  • Meets Perkins Legislation for Plans of Study (career pathways)
slide23

For use in Work Session

*Adapted from Career Pathways: Education with a Purpose, Chapter 3

slide24

Let's Back Up a Bit . . .

  • Viable Programs of Study are the end result . . .
  • Solid ACTION PLANNING is critical to reaching that end!
implementing career pathways action planning steps
Implementing Career PathwaysACTION PLANNING STEPS*
  • Commit to building a strong career pathways system
  • Determine appropriate career cluster model for your district/state
  • Span all grades
  • Implement individual career plans
  • Enhance guidance
  • Build seamless connections
  • Establish Extended Learning
  • Build strong partnerships
  • Offer professional development

*Adapted from the Achieve Texas Model

implementing career pathways action planning steps26
Implementing Career PathwaysACTION PLANNING STEPS
  • Commit to Building a Strong Career Pathways System
      • Build buy-in at the top & bottom
      • Recruit leadership
      • Do the research
  • Determine Appropriate Career Cluster Model for Your District/State
      • 16 USDOE Career Clusters
      • 81 Cluster Pathways
      • Combine 16 clusters into smaller groups, e.g., 6 Career Fields (Nebraska & many other states)
implementing career pathways action planning steps27
Implementing Career PathwaysACTION PLANNING STEPS
  • Span All Grades
      • Elementary Career Awareness
      • Middle Career Exploration
      • High Career Concentration
      • PS Career Preparation
      • Lifelong Career Advancement
  • Implement Individual Career Plans
      • Career & Education Goal Setting
      • Assessment Info
      • S/PS Plan of Study
      • Career Development Activities
      • Employment History
implementing career pathways action planning steps28
Implementing Career PathwaysACTION PLANNING STEPS
  • Enhance Guidance
      • Design & build a more effective guidance system
      • Focus on college and career counseling
      • Let counselor’s counsel
      • Lower student-to-counselor ratios
      • Counselors as facilitators
  • Build Seamless Connections

Jumpstart postsecondary education –

        • Advanced Placement Classes
        • Advanced Technical Credit
        • Dual Credit
        • Tech Prep Articulation
implementing career pathways action planning steps29
Implementing Career PathwaysACTION PLANNING STEPS
  • Establish Extended Learning
      • Career & Technical Student Organizations (CTSOs)
      • WBL Experiences
        • Job Shadowing
        • Career Preparation
        • Internships
  • Build Strong Partnerships
      • Business/Industry/S&PS Education
  • Offer Professional Development
      • Understanding/Implementation of Career Pathways
      • Integration of Academic/Technical Education and Contextual Teaching
implementing career pathways action plan
Implementing Career PathwaysACTION PLAN

For use in Work Session

*Adapted from the Achieve Texas Model

implementing career pathways pos wsc work strategy center
Implementing Career Pathways POSWSC Work Strategy Center

Five Steps to Career Pathways

&

Team Self-Assessment Tool

An additional resource for use

in your work sessions

workforcestrategy.org

alaska quick facts
Alaska - Quick Facts

Public highways (2004):

14,108 miles

Paved roads:

4,634 miles

Size: 586,000 sq. mi.

Population: 670,000

32

alaska programs of study opportunities challenges
Alaska - Programs of StudyOpportunities/Challenges
  • Distances
  • Diversity of people
  • Resource-based economy
  • Educator turnover
  • Dropout rate

Oil rig in Cook Inlet

Eskimo woman in Barrow

Juneau –

Alaska’s Capital City

developing plans of study
Developing Plans of Study
  • Statewide Tech Prep Consortium- Staff serve as sec/PS liaisons - Partners with Dept. of Education- Implementation of POS
  • Annual Tech Prep Work Sessions- Year 1: Focus on partnerships- Year 2: Focus on Programs of Study

34