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Upon This Rock

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  1. Upon This Rock Matthew 16:18

  2. Background • Jesus asked a key question (v. 13) • Jesus distinguished between the answers (vv. 14-17) • Jesus made an important declaration of the New Testament Church (v. 18)

  3. “Upon This Rock” The Foundation • Was Peter the “rock,” the foundation of the church? The Catholic Church says, “Yes” • “Peter” means “rock” (Gr. petros, masculine, a pebble; a detached stone; boulder; piece of rock) • Jesus used a different word (Gr. petra, feminine, a rock ledge or cliff; see Mt. 7:24)

  4. “Upon This Rock” The Foundation • Peter’s revelation, “Thou are the Christ…” is the “rock,” the foundation (note v. 20; Rom. 9:33; 1 Pet. 2:8) • Note the words: “My Father … And I” • Churches of men are build upon a man’s confession, the church of Christ is built upon a Divine revelation

  5. “Upon This Rock” The Foundation • Jesus, not Peter, is the foundation of the church… • Affirmed by Paul (1 Cor. 3:11; Eph. 2:20) • Affirmed by Peter (1 Pet. 2:6-8)

  6. “I Will Build” The Architect • Jesus is the builder (Zech. 6:12-13; Acts 15:16); not designed by men, but by Jesus Christ • The blueprint is the NT (2 Tim. 1:13) • Only the Lord’s house will stand (Psa. 127:1)

  7. “I Will Build” The Architect • Note the words “I will…” • The Lord’s church was not present at this time, but would be in the future (Acts 2:47)

  8. “My Church” The Building • The “church” is not a physical building, but a called out assembly of people (Gr. ekklesia; 1 Cor. 3:9; Eph. 2:21) • A separated people (2 Cor. 6:14 – 7:1)

  9. “My Church” The Owner, the Name, the Number • Note the words: “My church…” • Christians, the church, belong to Jesus Christ (Ac. 20:28; Eph. 1:14; 5:25-27; 1 Pet. 1:18-19; 2:9) • Local churches belong to Christ, thus “Churches of Christ” (Rom. 16:16); they glorify his name (1 Pet. 4:16)

  10. “My Church” The Owner, the Name, the Number • Note the words: “My church…” • Jesus built one “church” not many “churches” (1 Cor. 12:13ff; Eph. 1:22-23; 4:4)

  11. “The Gates of Hades” The Strength, the Duration • The descent of Jesus into Hades (Hell, KJV) would not keep Jesus from building his church (Acts 2:22-36; v. 24; v. 31; Rev. 1:13ff) • Jesus’ church / kingdom will last forever (Dan. 2:44; Heb. 12:28)

  12. “The Keys of the Kingdom” The Authority • A key is an instrument of authority (Lk. 11:52; Rev. 1:18; 3:7; Isa. 22:22) • The inspired words of all the Apostles, not just Peter, is the binding and loosing authority in the church (note Mt. 18:18)

  13. “The Keys of the Kingdom” The Authority • The authority of the Apostles was already given to them from heaven (note the future perfect indicative, “shall have already been bound,” “shall have already been loosed”) • The Apostles’ words were Jesus’ words (Jn. 16:13-15; 1 Cor. 2:13; Gal. 1:11-12)

  14. The Church of Christ • Will you gladly receive the word of God and be added to the Lord’s church (Acts 2:41,47)? • Or, will you be joined to a man-made church that will be rooted up (Mt. 15:13)?