Type and Indications of IV Therapy . Done by : Salwa Maghrabi Teacher Assistant Nursing Department . Outline . Definition of IV therapy Indication of IV therapy Type of IV solution . Isotonic solution Hypertonic solution Hypotonic solution
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Done by :
It is an effective and efficient method of supplying fluid directly into intravenous fluid compartment producing rapid effect with availability of injecting large volume
of fluid more than other method of administration.
1- 0.9% NaCl .
2- Ringer Lactate .
3- Blood Component .
1- D5W in normal
Saline solution .
2-D5W in half normal
1-0.45% NaCl .
2- 0.33% NaCl .
(0.9% sodium chloride solution).
(which contain sodium, chloride, potassium, and calcium.
-Lactated Ringer’s solutions
(which contain sodium, chloride, potassium ,calcium and lactate) .
II. I.V. administration sets.
1- assess the solution:
2- Reading the label on the solution.
3- Determine the compatibility of all fluid and additives.
4- observe I.V sets
1- Any allergies and arm placement preference.
2- Any planned surgeries.
3- Patient’s activities of daily living.
4- Type and duration of I.V therapy, amount, and rate.
1- Cleanse infusion site.
2- Excessive hair at selected site should be clipped with scissor .
3- Cleanse I.V site with effective topical antiseptic.
4- Made Venipuncture at a 10 to 30 degree angle.
intervals at least daily.
15 minutes after initiation
or extended several times.