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Thanksgiving - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Thanksgiving. The day America sets aside for family, for remembrance. First Thanksgiving.

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The day America sets aside for family, for remembrance.

first thanksgiving
First Thanksgiving

The first Thanksgiving celebration held in America occurred in 1619. On December fourth of that year, thirty-eight English settlers arrived at the Berkeley Plantation in Virginia. Part of their original charter stated that they would set aside.

new world
New World

The next recorded celebration is also most famous. Plymouth, Massachusetts, 1621. The first winter the Pilgrims had in the ‘New World’ was a brutal one.

The following harvest season was so bountiful in fact that the Pilgrims decided to hold a feast for celebration and thanksgiving. This’ festival’, which lasted three days, included the participation of nearly 100 Native Americans.

Governor William Bradford

Had invited the natives to show them appreciation, for helping his colony survive through the harsh weather conditions.

next time
Next Time

The next celebration didn’t occur until 1623. In the hope of bringing much needed rain, they gathered together in a prayer service. As other settlers came to the country, they held their own thanksgiving celebrations, but each celebration was independent of the next.

In 1668 the Plymouth general court tried to bring some order to the celebration by declaring November 25th to be Thanksgiving. It was a proclamation that only lasted within the colony for five years.

why thursday
Why Thursday?

How it came to be held on a Thursday is not widely know.

The first thanksgivings were held on Thursday (and in some cases Wednesday) so as to not interfere with the Sabbath. During these times, the Sabbath was an extremely important day;

Saturday was a day of preparation and Monday was out to give the Sabbath it’s proper respect so with these ‘restrictions’ Thursday becomes an easy choice.

The first national celebration of Thanksgiving occurred in 1777.

This one-time only event occurred at this time as a way to celebrate the America defeat of the British at Saratoga.

sara josepha hale
Sara Josepha Hale
  • 1789 George Washington made the first Presidential proclamation declaring Thanksgiving a national event. November 26 of that year. The pattern was set.
  • Second President John Adams moved it to Wednesday. Finding it brought more resistance than he felt it was worth. He relented and changed the day back.
  • Thomas Jefferson’s turn as President, he decided against the idea of Thanksgiving. It went for nearly 60 years until Sarah Josepha Hale (a magazine editor) came to bat. She was concerned with her belief that the country needed to set aside a day to give thanks ’unto him who all blessing flow’. 1863 , she saw her dream as Abraham Lincoln declared the last Thursday of November as a national day of Thanksgiving.
for whom for what
for whom? for what?

1930, Roosevelt tried to move the date to slide it forward by a week to extend the Christmas shopping season.

1941, Congress declared the fourth Thursday in November to be the legal Holiday know as Thanksgiving.

It should noted while Thanksgiving has become a holiday deeply associated with America, there have been numerous

‘ harvest’ , autumn, and ‘Thanksgiving’ festivals throughout history including Grecian, Roman and Egyptian celebrations.

thanksgiving dinner recipe
Thanksgiving Dinner recipe

Herb-roasted Turkey


  • 1/2 cup olive oil, divided
  • 4 garlic cloves, minced
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • 1/4 teaspoon pepper
  • 1 turkey (14 to 16 pounds)
  • 8 fresh sage leaves plus 4 fresh sage sprigs, divided
  • 6 fresh thyme sprigs, divided
  • 4 medium onions
  • 5 celery ribs 5 medium carrots 3medium parsnips
In a small bowl, combine 1/4 cup oil, garlic, salt and pepper. With fingers, carefully loosen skin from the turkey breast; rub mixture under the skin. Place sage leaves and two thyme sprigs under the skin. Secure skin to underside of breast with toothpicks.
  • Cut onions into wedges and the celery, carrots and parsnips into 2-in. lengths. Place about a fifth of the onions, celery and carrots in the turkey cavity; add sprigs and remaining thyme. Place remaining vegetables in a roasting pan. Place turkey, breast side up, over vegetables. Brush with remaining oil.
  • Bake at 325° for 3-1/4 to 3-3/4 hours or until a meat thermometer reads 180°, basting occasionally with pan drippings. Cover loosely with foil if turkey browns too quickly. Cover and let stand for 20 minutes before carving turkey. Discard vegetables; use drippings to make gravy. Yield: 14 servings.