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Second Meeting of Officials Responsible for Penitentiary and Prison Policies of the OAS Member States. SSP. SECRETARÍA DE SEGURIDAD PÚBLICA . MEXICO. SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC SECURITY. PENITENTIARY STRATEGY FOR SOCIAL REHABILITATION. LIC. JOSÉ PATRICIO PATIÑO ARIAS,
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Second Meeting of Officials Responsible for Penitentiary and Prison Policies of the OAS Member States SSP SECRETARÍA DE SEGURIDAD PÚBLICA MEXICO SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC SECURITY PENITENTIARY STRATEGY FOR SOCIAL REHABILITATION LIC. JOSÉ PATRICIO PATIÑO ARIAS, UNDERSECRETARY FOR THE FEDERAL PENITENTIARY SYSTEM Valdivia, Chile August 26-28, 2008
INTRODUCTION • Mexico is embarking on a deep reform of its Penitentiary System. • Last June, Congress approved a constitutional reform that transforms the goals of the Penitentiary System and provide it with new tools to reach them. • The judicial reform established the rehabilitation of offenders as the central goal of the Penitentiary System. • Article 18: • The penitentiary system shall be organized on the basis of labor, job-training, education, health and sports as means to achieve the reintegration of the sentenced individual to society and seek to avoid them committing further crimes (…) • In Mexico, rehabilitation of offenders has been difficult to achieve. • One of the main obstacles has been the overcrowding of prisons.
INTRODUCTION Data: June 2008
INTRODUCTION • The Mexican Penitentiary System is made up of 441 prisons. • Only 11 of these are exclusively for female inmates. • National total capacity is 167,281 prison beds. • The national total population is 218,030 inmates. • There is a deficit of 50,749 beds and 32% overcrowding. • State and municipal prisons concentrate 98.2% of the penitentiary population. • The 6 federal centers house 1.8% of the total population. Data: June 2008
STRATEGY • The recently approved reforms will allow the Mexican Penitentiary System to: • Incorporate the use of alternative sentences to imprisonment. • Curb the growth of inmate population by resorting to alternative sentences. • Align the system with United Nations’ Rule 58 : • The purpose and justification of a sentence of imprisonment or a similar measure deprivative of liberty is ultimately to protect society against crime. This end can only be achieved if the period of imprisonment is used to ensure, so far as possible, that upon his return to society the offender is not only willing but able to lead a law-abiding and self-supporting life.
STRATEGY • Respond to overcrowding by building new penitentiary centers focused on rehabilitation. • Articulate social rehabilitation programs for inmates.
MISSION STATEMENT Protect society from crime by confining those who harm it in controlled environments that are safe, humane, efficient and self-sustainable. Provide peace to the people. Generate social rehabilitation conditions based on work, job-training, education, health and fitness. Help offenders regain their freedom as useful citizens, to both themselves and society, respectful of the law and public order.
SOCIAL REHABILITATION MODEL COMPONENTS JOB-TRAINING WORK EDUCATION FITNESS HEALTH
ACTORS CO-RESPONSIBILITIES INMATE Generate the internal changes needed for their social rehabilitation FAMILY COMMUNITY Support the inmate during the process and facilitate social acceptance for their reintegration Give sense to work opportunities and job-training as means for reentering productive life PRIVATE INVESTMENT Create conditions that articulate the five components of social rehabilitation ensuring all of the actors’ participation PENITENTIARY SYSTEM SOCIAL REHABILITATION MODEL
SYSTEM OF ALLIANCES • Leverage • Social profitability criteria • Prison policies • Standardization • SUAP • Production models • Sustainability criteria • Labor skills certification • Telesalud Model • Physical & Mental Rehabilitation SHCP FINRURAL FEDERAL PENITENTIARY SYSTEM SS CONADIC SAGARPA COLPOS ORGANIZED CIVIL SOCIETY SOCIAL REHABILITATION • Backing of the social rehabilitation process: • Inmate • Family • Prison SEP INEA/ILCE • Primary education • Distance & remote education • Prison policies • Standardization • SUAP STATES AND MUNICIPALITIES CONADE • Fitness & sports SOCIAL REHABILITATION MODEL CE00377E