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Seaweeds - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Seaweeds. The Multicellular Marine Algae. Seaweeds or Macroalgae are the large primary producers of the sea. Though more complex than the unicellular algae, seaweeds still lack the complex structures found in land plants. General Structure.

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The Multicellular

Marine Algae

Seaweeds or Macroalgae are the large primary producers of the sea.

Though more complex than the unicellular algae, seaweeds still lack the complex structures found in land plants.

This is a very diverse group, and although they lack true leaves, stems, and roots, they have a few common structures.
The complete body is called the thallus no matter the growth form.

Usually, all regions of the thallus can photosynthesize.

The leaf-like flattened portions are called blades.

The blades are usually the main photosynthetic region.These are not true leaves because they lack veins.

Most seaweeds have gas-filled bladders or floats that will help them maximize sunlight exposure. Sometime these floats contain carbon monoxide.
Some seaweeds have a stem-like structure called the stipe. This structure is not found on all seaweeds.
The stipe provides support and can be long and tough, as in the Giant Kelp.

The stipe also allows a place for the attachment of the blades.

A holdfast is a root-like structure that holds the seaweed to the bottom. This structure does not aid in gathering nutrients.
The holdfast does not penetrate through sand or mud, so like this Sea Palm, most macroalgae are only found on hard sediments.
green algae
Green Algae

About 700 of the 7,000 species of green algae are marine. Of those, few are multicellular.

green algae15
Green Algae

Green algae can be very common where the salinities vary a lot. ( Bays, Estuaries, Tide Pools)

green algae16
Green Algae

They are usually bright green because the chlorophyll is not masked by other pigments.

green algae17
Green Algae

Green algae have a simple thallus when compared to red and brown algae.

green algae18
Green Algae

Many forms are filamentous or form paper-thin sheets.

green algae19
Green Algae

Others form spongy fingers as in this example of Dead Man’s Fingers.

brown algae
Brown Algae

Almost all species of brown algae are marine. The best know and the most complex are the kelps.

brown algae21
Brown Algae

Color varies from olive green to dark brown because there are many yellow-brown pigments that mask the color of chlorophyll.

brown algae22
Brown Algae

Besides the well known kelps, Sargasso weed is also a well known brown algae.

brown algae23
Brown Algae

Sargasso weed often forms into large mats in the mid Atlantic where unique animals and communities can be found.

brown algae24
Brown Algae

Notice anything here?

Can you see the Sargassum Angler Fish?

red algae
Red Algae

There are more species of marine red algae than green or brown.

Most are actually red!

red algae26
Red Algae

Some red algae have calcium carbonate within their cell walls.

These, help form coral reefs.

how about a quick quiz
How about a quick quiz?
  • The entire body of the seaweed is called the _____.
  • What is another name for seaweeds?
  • Name the 3 types of seaweeds.
4. What is the stem-like structure called?

5. Which type of seaweed can be important in the formation of a coral reef?

  • Macroalgae
  • Thallus
  • Red, Green, and Brown
  • Stipe

5. Red