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Improving Health and Quality of Life with Clean Cooking Technologies and Fuels Brenda Doroski U.S. Environmental Protection Agency September 28, 2010. Responding to a Global Challenge. Almost 3 billion people burn solid fuels indoors for home cooking and heating.
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Improving Health and Quality of Life with Clean Cooking Technologies and Fuels Brenda Doroski U.S. Environmental Protection Agency September 28, 2010
Responding to a Global Challenge • Almost 3 billion people burn solid fuels indoors for home cooking and heating. • The number of people using these fuels is expected to rise substantially by 2020. • Almost 2 million people, mainly women and children, die prematurely each year from breathing elevated levels of indoor smoke.
Widespread Solid Fuel Use Source: WHO, Inheriting the World: the Atlas of Children's Health and the Environment
Latest WHO Health Statistics Solid fuel use causes about: • 21% of lower respiratory infection deaths; • 35% of chronic obstructive pulmonary deaths; and • 3% of lung cancer deaths mainly in women and children.
It’s a Cross-cutting Issue • Health (indoor air pollution, injuries…) • Children’s health (pneumonia, asthma, acute lower respiratory infections…) • Gender (time, health, education…) • Economic development (jobs, activities with time-saved…) • Climate change (GHG, black carbon emissions) • Energy (LPG, renewables, wood…) • Local environment (deforestation/desertification)
Partnership for Clean Indoor Air (PCIA) • Almost 400 organizations from the public and private sector working together in 115 countries.
PCIA’s Mission • Improve health, livelihood, and quality of life through reduced exposure to air pollution, primarily among women and children, from household energy use in developing countries.
PCIA’s Goal • Every family is using clean burning, fuel efficient, reliable, affordable and safe cooking and heating technologies and fuels.
PCIA Partners Are Achieving Results • Since 2003, Partners’ efforts have resulted in 3.8 million households adopting clean and efficient cooking practices, reducing the exposure to harmful indoor air pollutants of 25 million people around the world. • The Partner’s goal is to influence an additional 20 million households to adopt clean fuels and technologies by 2013.
Using a Comprehensive Approach • Incorporate social and cultural customs. • Support sustainable, local markets. • Meet design/performance criteria. • Demonstrate impacts of interventions.
Cooking with LPG Advantages: customers aspire to use LPG, high market awareness, clean, reliable, safe Barriers: accessibility for rural populations, affordability for poor consumers, often used only for specific tasks Innovations: smaller tank sizes address distribution and affordability, revolving funds support upfront purchase, targeted subsidies and incentives
Some Current Partnership Activities Strengthening exchanges and networks. Building local and regional capacity. Developing tools and resources. Implementing, replicating, and scaling-up sustainable stove projects to achieve breakthrough results.
Breakthrough Results: HELPS International, Guatemala ONIL StoveNixt. Stove 2001 8 0 2002 478 218 2003 1479 946 2004 2045 1262 2005 9246 3008 2006 14440 3407 2007 14850 3257 2008 9875 2564 2009 45000 3500 2010 (proj.) 90000 5000
Benefits of Working in Partnership • Greater visibility and support for the issue • Leverage expertise and resources • Access to experts in other sectors • Share lessons learned • Overcome barriers • Build on effective approaches • Achieve greater results: more people with reduced exposure to indoor air pollution
Exciting New Developments • U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton announced a significant commitment to tackle the enormous health, gender, and environmental risks associated with inefficient, polluting cook stoves. • USG is allocating $50 million over the next five years to address cook stoves. • Other founding partners of the Alliance for Clean Cookstoves include UNF, Shell Foundation, Morgan Stanley Foundation, UNEP, Governments of Germany, Norway, Netherlands and Peru.
Now is the Time to be Involved • Join the Partnership (www.PCIAonline.org). • Participate in Partnership activities. • Share your expertise, lessons learned and effective approaches for promoting LPG use. • Help develop PCIA outreach materials on LPG. • Collaborate and leverage resources with other PCIA Partners. • Participate in the 5th Biennial PCIA Forum.
Questions to Move Us Forward • What interests you most about what you just heard? • What other opportunities do you see for using the PCIA network to increase the use of LPG stoves in Latin America? • What are the immediate next steps for making these opportunities a reality?