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Process to Improve Stroke Care. Reduce time to brain imaging Partner with EMS to improve skills & early identification Enhanced ED response & evaluation through training & competency assessments Develop Stroke Alert Decrease door to needle time

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process to improve stroke care

Process to Improve Stroke Care

Reduce time to brain imaging

Partner with EMS to improve skills & early

identification

Enhanced ED response & evaluation through

training & competency assessments

Develop Stroke Alert

Decrease door to needle time

Critical access/rural hospital transfer

reduce time to brain imaging

Reduce time to brain imaging

1. Ongoing review of data

2. Look at process & flow

3. Encourage staff input

4. Celebrate improvements & thank

direct care staff

partner with ems

Partner with EMS

Provide EMS with stroke education

Stroke alert Train-the-Trainer Program offered in MI

Stroke info cards developed for EMS services

partner with ems5

Partner with EMS

4. Stroke criteria developed for hospital

notification at time of transport

5. ED supervisor, CT scan & lab staff notified

if criteria met

6. Criteria:

last known well, age, gender, s/s & ETA

enhanced ed response

Enhanced ED response

Educate and reeducate ED staff

Every stroke considered for tPA

3. Educate triage nurses

Mock stroke codes

Developed pocket cards with emergent guidelines for staff to carry

enhanced ed response7

Enhanced ED response

Reinforced appropriate use of Stroke Alert beeper

Ongoing ED resident education

7. Optional stroke rotation for ED residents

develop stroke alert

Develop Stroke Alert

Triage immediately to ED based CT scanner

Draw blood & NIHSS

Notify Stroke Team

Bring clot box & infusion pump to CT

develop stroke alert9

Develop Stroke Alert

5. Interpret images & treat immediately

6. Nurses provides tPA bolus & resident injects

7. Nurse programs IV pump & initiates infusion

8. Electronic access to tPA protocols anywhere in hospital

decrease door to needle times

Decrease door to needle times

Stroke Team challenged to decrease door to needle time to 45 minute target

Individual patient treatment times are reviewed monthly

Celebrate successes

decrease door to needle times11

Decrease door to needle times

Follow up on failures or extended times

Verify triage time, time CT completed and administration of drug

critical access rural hospital transfer

Critical access/rural hospital transfer

1. Educate all ED staff on stroke

2. http://NIHSS-English.Training.Campus.net

3. Everyone is a thrombolytic therapy candidate until excluded

4. Assess & treat emergently

critical access rural hospital transfer13
Critical access/rural hospital transfer

Partner with a stroke center for support

6. Set up transfer protocol

7. Notify center with NIHSS, last known well time, pertinent health history, pertinent labs, & CT results

8. Review exclusion/inclusion criteria with referral physician

critical access rural hospital transfer14
Critical access/rural hospital transfer

9. Start tPA if appropriate criteria met

Transfer with appropriate staff while tPA

infusing

11. Send copy of imaging & labs

12. Accepting hospital re-evaluates patient &

reviews labs/imaging

critical access rural hospital transfer15
Critical access/rural hospital transfer

Telemedicine is an effective method to provide expert care to stroke patients in rural areas.

Robotic evaluation is another option in rural areas.

Stroke. 2007; 38: 1655-711.

Seminars in Neurology. 2005; 25:337-44

critical access rural hospital transfer16
Critical access/rural hospital transfer

The “drip and ship” method of delivering tPA has been safe and efficacious.

“Drip and ship: protocols use telemedicine consultation or robotic evaluation to determine eligibility before tPA is started and the patient is transferred.

Neurology Today. 2009; 9: 2,13-14

Neurology. 2005; 64: 154-6.

hippocratic oath
Hippocratic Oath

“First, do no harm”

To do nothing is doing harm.