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INTEGRATED ECOSYSTEM ASSESSMENT: UGANDA’S EXPERIENCES. Ronald Kaggwa Environment Economist and National Focal Point National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) UGANDA. Introduction.

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integrated ecosystem assessment uganda s experiences

INTEGRATED ECOSYSTEM ASSESSMENT: UGANDA’S EXPERIENCES

Ronald Kaggwa

Environment Economist and National Focal Point

National Environment Management Authority

(NEMA)

UGANDA

introduction
Introduction
  • Uganda carried out a Pilot Integrated Ecosystem Assessment (IEA) covering the Lake Kyoga catchment (a Sub-catchment of the Nile Basin).
  • The IEA had three layers of focus;
    • local sites in Nakasongola, Bududa and Butaleja Districts;
    • the regional assessment focusing on the Lake Kyoga catchment as a whole;
    • the linkage with national level activities, policies and programmes.
  • The IEA covered three districts of Manafa, Butalejja and Nakasongola.
  • Estimated population, 8 million people with 94% living in rural areas.
introduction cont d
Introduction Cont’d
  • The focus area has a population of 8 million people with 94% living in rural areas.
purpose of the iea
Purpose of the IEA
  • Improve understanding on the linkages btn ecosystem services and human well-being;
  • Inform and influence policy formulation, planning and implementation; esp. the PEAP and improve environmental decision-making;
  • Build national capacity to undertake IEA;
  • Demonstrate the advantages of the MA approach with a view to mobilizing funds for a national assessment in the future;
  • Identify drivers of ecosystem change;
    • inform the development of an M&E framework focusing on poverty and environment.
introduction cont d7
Introduction Cont’d
  • Targeted stakeholders:
    • Policy and decision-makers at National and Local Government levels.
    • The Academia; Universities and other Institutions of Higher learning.
    • The Development Partners
    • The CSOs and CBOs
    • The Private Sector
introduction cont d8
Introduction Cont’d
  • The IEA was carried out by multi-disciplinary assessment team lead by Makerere University Institute of Environment and Natural Resources (MUIER) comprised of:
      • two Environment Economists
      • two Natural Resource Specialists
      • a Sociologist and Gender Specialist
      • a Soil Scientist and GIS Specialist
introduction cont d9
Introduction Cont’d
  • The IEA cost US$ 70,000 in terms of consultancy fees, field work, preparatory workshop etc.
  • It was planned to take 90 days unfortunately it has taken more than earlier planned.
  • The IEA tool
    • The IEA is based on the MA which assessed the capacity of ecosystems to support human well-being and life on earth.
    • It specifically focused on providing policy relevant scientific information about the relationships between ecosystem change and human well-being to decision-makers.
the iea tool and methodology
The IEA tool and Methodology
  • Why the Lake Kyoga catchment was selected:
    • there are plenty of ecosystems;
    • there is evidence of strong linkages between ecosystems and human well-being;
    • the ecosystems have changed and are likely to change in future, which will influence ecosystem services and human well-being.
  • The IEA had three layers of focus:
    • local sites in Nakasongola, Bududa and Butaleja Districts;
    • the regional assessment focusing on the Lake Kyoga catchment as a whole; and,
    • the linkage with national level activities, policies and programmes
the iea tool and methodology13
The IEA tool and Methodology
  • Both primary and secondary sources of data were used.
  • It Involved transect walks, field visits, Key Informant interviews and consultations with the local communities and their leaders.
  • The finest scale assessment at the sub county and village level relied on spatial and temporal scales.
  • The MA Framework and methodologies were used with some modification in analysis.
key results findings
Key results/findings
  • Drivers of ecosystem change
    • Undefined property rights
    • Land use changes
    • Population dynamics
    • Social-political factors
  • Special challenges of sustainable dry-land mgt
  • Conflicts between conservation (protected areas) and community interests
impacts of the iea
Impacts of the IEA
  • Created local capacity in IEA;
  • Growing understanding and appreciation of the linkages between ecosystems, poverty reduction and human well-being;
  • The MA methodology is being applied in the country as an assessment tool in policy relevant research;
  • Plans are underway to introduce IEA as a course unit in MUIENR.
  • Integrated the spatial and temporal concerns alongside immediate concerns such as poverty, property rights concerns (particularly land) and health care.
potential uses of the iea results
Potential uses of the IEA results
  • The IEA report will be used:
    • Review and evaluation of the Poverty Eradication Action Plan (PEAP);
    • Prosperity for all programme. Significant reduction of poverty the central item is an election promise of the NRM Govt and is based on sustainable ecosystem mgt;
    • Policy and decision making particularly at the local level
difficulties encountered
Difficulties encountered
  • Completing the report on time;
  • Selecting the multi-disciplinary assessment team and the appropriate ecosystem which clearly demonstrates the key linkages.
  • Harmonising the detailed and slow GOU contract and procurement procedures with the time bound nature of the project requiring quick and prompt actions.
  • Ensuring effective multi-stakeholder/ partner coordination
difficulties challenges
Difficulties/Challenges
  • Thinking of the concept of ecosystems in an integrated manner as opposed to stand alone natural resources.
  • Getting the private sector onboard and participating fully
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