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Interpersonal Climate - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Interpersonal Climate. Interpersonal climate is the overall feeling, or emotional mood between people. It is the dominant feeling between people who are involved with each other. It is the foundation of personal relationships. Elements of Satisfying Personal Relationships. Investment

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Interpersonal Climate

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interpersonal climate
Interpersonal Climate
  • Interpersonal climate is the overall feeling, or emotional mood between people.
  • It is the dominant feeling between people who are involved with each other.
  • It is the foundation of personal relationships.
elements of satisfying personal relationships
Elements of Satisfying Personal Relationships
  • Investment
    • We invest time, energy, thought, and feelings into interaction.
    • The happiest couples believe they invest equally—investing more than a partner makes us resentful.
  • Commitment
    • A decision to stay with a relationship
elements of satisfying personal relationships4
Elements of Satisfying Personal Relationships
  • Trust
    • Believing in another’s reliability and emotionally relying on another to care about and protect our welfare
    • Self-disclosure—revealing personal information about ourselves that others are unlikely to discover in other ways
  • Comfort with relational dialectics
self disclosure when appropriate
Self-Disclosure When Appropriate
  • Self-disclose the kind of information you want others to disclose to you.
  • Self-disclose more intimate information only when you believe the disclosure represents an acceptable risk.
  • Move self-disclosure to deeper levels gradually.
  • Reserve intimate or very personal self-disclosure for ongoing relationships.
  • Continue intimate self-disclosure only if it is reciprocated.
self disclosing

May increase trust

May increase closeness

May enhance self-esteem

May increase security

May enhance self-growth


Others may reject us

Others may think less of us

Others may violate our confidences

relational dialectics
Relational Dialectics


I want to be close.I need my own space.


I like the familiar We need to do

rhythms we have.something new.


I like sharing so There are some

much with you. things I don’t want

to talk about.

responding to dialectics
Responding to Dialectics
  • Neutralization negotiates a balance between the two poles.
  • Give priority to one need and neglect the other.
  • Separate by assigning one need to certain interactions and opposing needs to another aspect of interaction.
  • Reframe by redefining contradictory needs as not in opposition.

In general the least effective way to manage dialectics is to honor one need and repress the opposing one.

the gift of confirmation
The Gift of Confirmation

“You matter to me.”




Basic requirements for

healthy communication!

continuum of interpersonal climates
Continuum of Interpersonal Climates









nurture relationships through supportive not defensive communication
Nurture relationships through supportive not defensive communication

Defensiveness – a negative feeling or behavior that results when a person feels threatened






  • Evaluation
  • Description
  • Certainty
  • Provisionalism
  • Strategy
  • Spontaneity
  • Control
  • Problem orientation
  • Neutrality
  • Empathy
  • Superiority
  • Equality

Ethnocentrism is a form of certainty communication where we assume that our culture and its norms are the only right ones.


The word “strategy” in a relationship makes some people uncomfortable. Why? Is spontaneity necessary for intimacy?

guidelines for creating and sustaining healthy climates
Guidelines for Creating and Sustaining Healthy Climates
  • Communicate in a way that actively enhances the mood of a relationship.
  • Accept and confirm others.
  • Affirm and assert yourself.
  • Self-disclose when appropriate.
  • Respect diversity in relationships.
  • Respond to others’ criticism constructively.
johari window
Johari Window


to self

Known to self



Known to




Not known

to others

affirm and assert yourself
Affirm and Assert Yourself
  • Assertion is a matter of clearly and nonjudgmentally stating what you feel, need, or want.
  • Aggression involves putting your needs above those of others.
  • Deference involves putting others needs ahead of yours.

It is as important to affirm and accept yourself as to do that for others.

respond to others criticism constructively
Respond to Others’ Criticism Constructively
  • Seek more information.
  • Consider the criticism thoughtfully.
    • Is it valid?
    • If you do not believe the criticism is accurate offer your own interpretation.
    • If it is valid, how do you want to change?
  • Thank the person who offered the criticism.